Knitting Technology Questions 3
• Knitting Technology Questions 3

S.109. What is the formula used for the number of arm length rows in flat knitting machines?

C.109. Total number of rows at arm length = Number of rows at armhole + Number of rows at arm length

S.110. In flat knitting machines What information is needed for Knitting Time for the Collar?

C.110. Number of rows required for the entire collar - Machine speed (rpm) and Workplace width

S.111. In flat knitting machines What is the formula used for Knitting Time for the Collar?

C.111. Collar knitting time (min.) = Number of rows required for the entire collar / Machine speed (rpm) x 2 x Workplace width

S.112. In flat knitting machines Knitting Time Calculation for the Whole Sweater What information is needed for

C.112. Time taken for front and back pieces (min.) - Arm knitting time (min.) - Total number of rows in body length - Machine speed (rpm) - Working width and total number of rows in sleeve length

S.113. In flat knitting machines Knitting Time Calculation for the Whole Sweater What is the formula used for?

C.113. Time taken for front and rear parts (min.) = Number of whole rows in size / Machine speed (rpm) x 2 x Workplace width

Knitting time (min.) = Total number of rows in arm length / Machine speed (rpm) x 2 x Workplace width

Knitting time for the whole sweater (min.) = Time taken for front and back pieces (min.) + Sleeve knitting time (min.) + Collar knitting time (min.)

P.114. Calculation of the Number of Rows of Stitches Produced per Hour on Circular Knitting Machines What information is needed for

C.114. Number of revolutions (rpm) - Number of systems - Machine efficiency (%) and Number of colors (Considered in Jacquard products.)

S.115. Calculation of the Number of Rows of Stitches Produced per Hour on Circular Knitting Machines What is the formula used for?

C.115. Number of rows of stitches produced in an hour (row/h) = Number of revolutions (rpm) x Number of systems x Machine efficiency (%) x 60 / Number of colors (Considered in Jacquard products.)

S.116. Circular Knitting Machines What information is needed to calculate the amount of fabric produced per hour in meters?

C.116. Number of rows of loops produced in an hour (row/h) and Row frequency (row/cm)

S.117. Circular Knitting Machines What is the formula used to calculate the amount of fabric produced per hour in meters?

C.117. Amount of fabric produced per hour (m) = Number of rows of stitches produced per hour (row/h) / Row density (row/cm) x 100

P.118. Calculation of the Amount of Fabric Produced per Hour in Circular Knitting Machines in Square Meters What information is needed for

C.118. The amount of fabric produced in an hour (m) and the open width of the fabric tube (m)

S.119. Calculation of the Amount of Fabric Produced per Hour in Circular Knitting Machines in Square Meters What is the formula used for?

C.119. Production in m2 of fabric produced in an hour (m2/h) = Amount of fabric produced in an hour (m) x Open width of the fabric tube (m)

P.120. Calculation of Number of Pieces Produced per Hour on Circular Knitting Machines in Kilograms What information is needed for

C.120. Number of pieces produced in an hour - Amount of fabric produced in an hour (m) - Piece length (cm) and Unit weight (g / piece)

S.121. Calculation of Number of Pieces Produced per Hour on Circular Knitting Machines in Kilograms What is the formula used for?

C.121. Number of parts produced in an hour = Amount of fabric produced in an hour (m) x 100 / Piece length (cm)

Fabric production per hour (kg) = Number of pieces produced per hour x Unit weight (g / piece) / 1000

P.122. Explain the arbor part of the flat hand knitting machine?

C.122. It is the part that carries the coils and reserve (spare) coils on it in a fixed and smooth manner.

S.123. What is Bobbin stand in flat hand knitting machine?

C.123. It is the stand where the coils to be operated are located.

S.124. Explain the yarn delivery unit on the flat hand knitting machine?

C.124. It enables the yarn coming from the bobbin stand to be guided without tangling.

S.125. What is the tension control spring in a flat hand knitting machine, explain?

C.125. Adjusts the tension of the thread.

S.126. Explain the Knot detector on the flat hand knitting machine?

C.126. It ensures that the knots in the yarn are caught without entering the knitting area. It has an adjustable feature. It prevents large knots, that is, knots that are not tied properly, from spoiling the knitting surface.

P.127. What is the tension wire in a flat hand knitting machine, explain?

C.127. It takes away the potency or loosening of the yarn.

S.128. What is the use of the needle bed (plate) in a flat hand knitting machine?

C.128. Machine-operated needles are placed in the needle bed.

S.129. In Circular Knitting Machines, the length of yarn spent in a row What information is needed for its calculation?

C.129. Loop thread length (mm) - Machine thickness - Machine diameter (haze) and Pi number

S.130. In Circular Knitting Machines, the length of yarn spent in a row What is the formula used to calculate?

C.130. Thread length used in one row (m/row) = Loop thread length (mm) x Machine fineness x Machine diameter (haze) x Number of Pi / 1000

S.131. Circular Knitting Machines What information is needed to Calculate the amount of yarn used in an hour?

C.131. Yarn length used in a row (m/row) and Number of rows of stitches produced per hour (row/h)

S.132. Circular Knitting Machines What is the formula used to calculate the amount of yarn used in an hour?

C.132. Length of thread used per hour (m/h) = Length of thread used in one row (m/row) x Number of rows of stitches produced per hour (row/h)

S.133. Calculation of the Number of Loops Produced in a Cycle of the Machine in Circular Knitting Machines What information is needed for

C.133. Number of systems - Machine diameter (haze) - Machine fineness and Pi number

S.134. Calculation of the Number of Loops Produced in a Cycle of the Machine in Circular Knitting Machines What is the formula used for?

C.134. Number of stitches produced in one revolution = Number of systems x Machine diameter (haze) x Machine thickness x Pi number

S.135. Circular Knitting Machines Calculation of the Number of Knitted Stitches per Hour What is the formula used for?

C.135. Number of stitches produced per hour = Number of stitches produced in one revolution x Number of revolutions (rev / min.) x 60

S.136. Circular Knitting Machines Length of yarn spent in one row What information is needed for

C.136. Loop thread length (mm) - Machine thickness - Machine diameter (haze) and Pi number

S.137. Length of yarn spent in a row on Circular Knitting Machines What is the formula used for?

C.137. Thread length used in one row (m/row) = Loop thread length (mm) x Machine thickness x Machine diameter (haze) x 3,14 / 1000

S.138. Circular Knitting Machines Required length of thread used to produce one meter of fabric What are the information?

C.138. Yarn length spent in a row (m/row) and rows in cm

S.139. In Circular Knitting Machines, the required length of yarn used to produce one meter of fabric What is the formula for calculation of information?

C.139. Length of yarn used to produce one meter of fabric (m) = Length of yarn spent in a row (m/row) x number of rows per cm x 100

P.140. In flat hand knitting machine What does Working Position mean, explain?

C.140.Working Position: Needle feet 1,5 cm from the needle rail. as far away. The needle head is flush with the upper edge of the needle bed. It is shown as a vertical line on the pattern chart. Each vertical line represents a needle

P.141. In flat hand knitting machine What does a non-working position mean?

C.141. non-working position: Needles feet are resting on the needle rail. It is indicated by a dot on the pattern chart. Each dot shows the non-working needle. There are a variety of needles used in flat hand knitting machines. Of these, hook-tipped (tongue) needles are the needles that work in the needle beds and perform the knitting.

P.142. In flat hand knitting machine What is the function of knitting needles?

C.142. Knitting needles are knitting machine elements that are placed in the needle channels on the plates in flat hand knitting machines, providing the formation of loops and the formation of knitting surface by combining the loops.

S.143. Knitting needles in flat hand knitting machine mainly consist of how many parts and what are they?

C.143. Knitting needles consist of three main parts. Needle head - Needle foot - Needle body

P.144. What is the head of the needle used in the flat hand knitting machine, explain?

C.144. Needle head: of the loop It is the part where the yarn takes shape. The needle head is complemented by the movable needle tongue. The needle tongue is mounted on the head with a thin spindle. When a new loop is formed, it takes the previous loop behind it and passes the thread that came to the needle head as a result of the movement of the head through the loop it took behind it.

P.145. Tell us about the foot of the needle used in the flat hand knitting machine.

C.145. Needle foot: Needles protrusion of various shapes at the rear end. According to the characteristics of the knitting to be made, it has the task of choosing the needle in accordance with the given commands, making the yarn take shape according to the basic knitting movement. Needles of different shapes are used according to the machine feature.

S.146. Explain the body of the needle used in the flat hand knitting machine?

C.146.Needle body: Needle It is the part between the head and feet. The needle body may change according to the needle types. In flat hand knitting machines, both the foot length and the stem length of the needle can be variable. As a result of the movement given to the needle foot, the needle body moves towards the shuttle to form a loop. All needles used in terms of their structure should be sensitive, smooth surfaced, resistant to friction and abrasion, retarding breakage and flexible. Needles face various forces due to pressure and friction. Under the influence of these forces, needles can break and bend.

S.147. What are the forces acting on the needle in a flat hand knitting machine?

C.147. 1-The pushing force of the inner steel of the head (slide) 2-The hanging force of the thread coming from the arbor 3- The friction force of the thread 4- The knitting attraction force 5-The friction force with the plate

P.148. These needles used in flat hand knitting machine are named according to the shape and structure of the needle foot. What are they?

C.148,1-Long foot needle 2-Short foot needle 3-Butterfly foot needle

P.149. There is a head (saddle) in the flat hand knitting machine. What is on it, what is its function and what is on it?

C.149.Kafa: On adjustment knobs, bag steels, noppen latches and other steels. According to the characteristics of the knitting surface to be made, the steels on the head are commanded. In line with the given commands, as a result of the movement of the head, the inner steels of the head give way to the needles and provide the formation of the desired knitting surface. There is also a lever on the head that allows the shuttle to be picked up and released. There are 2 brushes on the head. The speed at which the head is moved is very important during the knitting process. It should always be worked at the same speed without moving it too fast or too slowly so that it does not cause defects on the knitting surface.

S.150. In the flat hand knitting machine, there are steels in the part where the head comes into contact with the plate, what are their functions?

C.150. Steels: Creating They are pieces that vary according to the desired knitting surface and loop length.. They are located in the part where the head comes into contact with the plate. They are mounted on the steel table in the form of a group. Each part has a separate task. The needles form the knit by following the gaps (needle path) between the steels. It is the steel used to adjust the height of the working position of the needle according to the desired knitting densities..

S.151. What are the steels in the part where the head comes into contact with the plate in a flat hand knitting machine?

C.151. 1-Setting Steels 2-Bag Steels 3-Moon Steel 4-Boat Steel 5-Noppen steel 6-Housing Steel

P.152. In flat hand knitting machine What is the function of the gauge steels, tell us?

C.152. Setting steels: Made gives the knit touch to the setting. There are numbers from '0' to '20' on the adjustment relays on the head. The smaller the number, the smaller the loop size (tight), the larger the number, the larger the loop (loose). Appropriate yarn selection is made according to the machine number to be used, and the setting is made in accordance with the desired touch. If the settings are too loose or too tight, the needles will be damaged and broken by the pressure of the head. When creating the knitting surface, the settings always give the left setting when the head goes from right to left, and the settings on the right when the head goes from left to right give the weave setting.

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