S.153. In flat hand knitting machine What is the duty of bag steels, please tell me?
C.153. Bag Steels: needles They are steels that are used for knitting. Various ways of working on the needles used according to the brand and feature of the machine. vardır.
If the machine has a uniform needle array, the bag steels work in two positions.
1-Bag steels are brought to the fully open position. In this case, all the needles on the machine work.
2-Bag steels are brought to the fully closed position. In this case, all the needles on the machine will not work. Although the head moves, the needles do not form a loop,
If two types of needles (long leg and short leg) are used in the machine, the bag steels work in three positions.
1-When the bag steels are brought to the fully open position, all the needles on the machine work. (short feet and long feet)
2-When the bag is cut in half, only the long-legged needles that are lined up in the machine work. Short toe needles will not work.
S.154. In flat hand knitting machine What is the role of Moon Steel, please explain?
C.154. Moon Steel: your head It is the steel that prevents the needles from jumping up during knitting as a result of its movement. If the needle goes up too much, it may collide with the needles on the opposite plate as a result of the movement of the head, causing breakage. Moon steel prevents the needles from breaking out of the needle path during knitting.
S.155. What is the function of the boat steel in the flat hand knitting machine, please explain?
C.155. Boat Steel: Noppen It is a bed for steel and bag steel. It prevents corrosion of steel. During knitting, the needles come out of the steel bag and continue on its way. In the meantime, vibrations occur in the needles, which can cause defects on the knitting surface. It is the boat steel that prevents this vibration and ensures that the needle works more healthily. It got its name from its appearance.
P.156. What is the function of Noppen steel in flat hand knitting machine, please explain?
C.156. Noppen steel: your head It has a total of four noppen pegs on it. According to the commands given from these latches, the noppen steel in the head inner steel is activated. These steels are interconnected. Two of the noppen pegs are small noppen pegs. When the small noppen latch is engaged (on whatever plate it is), it creates a half row of loops, threads over the half row of loops and holds it. For this reason, one knitting process should be done at most in one row. When the big noppen latch is activated, it noppens the loop on one plate, simultaneously forming a new loop on the loop on the other plate. Noppen means "hanger". That is, the loop does not form as a result of the movement of the head, it just throws the thread on the loop at the head of the needle and keeps it waiting.
S.157. What is the function of the body steel in the flat hand knitting machine, explain?
C.157. Body Steel; Head It is a flat metal piece used to prevent gaps in the inner steels. It is used to fill the void. It has no function.
P.158. In flat hand knitting machine What is the function of the shuttle and the shuttle spring, explain?
C.158.Shuttles and shuttle spring: It is one of the most important elements used during knitting. It makes the knitting happen. As a result of the movement of the head, it helps to realize the loop formation by providing the thread to the mouth of the needle.. It moves with the head, without the head it has no meaning alone. Flat shuttle is generally used in flat hand knitting machines. Shuttles are the elements that feed thread to the needle mouth according to the commands given to the inner head steels. Flat hand knitting machines are single system machines.. Only one shuttle can operate at a time. In other words, 1 row of loops is knitted in 1 row of the head.. The shuttles are mounted on the shuttle rails connected to the plates and move on these rails. Flat hand knitting machines have a total of two shuttle rails, one at the front and one at the back. Depending on this, two shuttles can be attached.
P.159. What are the functions of the brushes in the flat hand knitting machine?
C.159.Brushes: your head The task of the brushes on it is to help the formation of loops by opening the tongues of the needles during knitting. On the other hand, it cleans the excess hair and dust on the needle and plate. There are two brushes in flat hand knitting machines. One moves the needle tongues on the front plate and the other moves the needle tongues on the back plate. It is proportional to the number of systems in the machine.
S.160. What are the functions of the shuttle pump in the flat hand knitting machine, please explain?
C.160. Shuttle Pump ( Shuttle change mechanism ) ; It is the mechanism for taking and releasing the shuttles. It is called shuttle pump because it looks like a pump. The arm that moves is called the pump arm.) It is the arm on the left side of the head. Thanks to this arm, the shuttles can be taken at any time and left at any time.
P.161. What are the functions of the Jacquard break arm in the flat hand knitting machine, please explain?
C.161. Jacquard Creasing Handle: Front and the mechanism that prevents the needles on the back plate from breaking by overlapping each other. It is the sliding arm that is used to bring the needles to the opposite or diagonal position before or during knitting, depending on the nature of the knitting to be made. In short, the back plate moves relative to the front plate, resulting in the formation of different knitting surfaces. That is, the loops take a different shape on the knitting surface with the movement of the back plate. The knitting surfaces obtained by shifting the loops with the jacquard breaking mechanism are called plate shift patterns.. The back plate can only be moved one at a time. Because each machine has its own number of rounds of jacquard breaking mechanism. Machine thinness is a factor in determining the number of turns. Each machine has a jacquard gear that can slide within itself. It is moved by turning with the help of a gear lever. The number of gears determines the number of shifts.
P.162. What are the functions of Card and Card wire in flat hand knitting machine, please explain?
C.162. Comb and Comb wire: Knitting These are the auxiliary elements used to start the knitting process and to lose the loop in the knitting area. Thanks to the comb placed between the two plates of the bows formed during the first knitting and fixed with the comb wire; It helps the bows to form a loop, that is, to form a loop.. Combs are numbered. It depends on the machine number. The width of the combs is also varied. Comb selection should be made in accordance with the width of the knitting to be made. The comb also ensures the smoothness of the knitting start. It is one of the auxiliary elements in the knitting process. Comb wire does not have a function on its own. It performs its function together with the comb. At the beginning of knitting, it passes through the comb and pulls the loops down. It is thin and long. It can be adjusted according to the width of the comb. It has holes at regular intervals for weight mounting.
P.163. In flat hand knitting machine transfer pins What are their duties, please explain?
C.163. transfer pins: Knitted It enables various patterns to be made by changing the places of the loops in the process. Before knitting, the transfer needle suitable for the machine number to be used should be selected.. Transfer needles consist of two parts. The first is the part of the transfer needle made of iron that we hold, and the other is the rounded part attached to the end of this part.
P.164. In flat hand knitting machine transfer pins What are the types, please explain?
1 transfer needle,
2 transfer pins
It takes names in the form of 6 transfer needles.
How many stitches will be transferred in one go, the appropriate transfer needle is selected..
Two-sided transfer needle: It is used for transferring loops from the front bed to the rear bed or to the side, for finishing and joining stitches by cutting on the machine.
Dual transfer needle: It is used to decrease or transfer two stitches at the same time. The other end has a crochet needle.
Triple transfer needle: It is used to decrease and transfer three stitches at the same time.
Six transfer pins: Used to decrease and transfer six stitches at the same time.
p.165. There are weights attached to the comb in the flat hand knitting machine, what are their duties, please explain?
C.165. Weight: Knitted It is one of the auxiliary elements in the realization of the process. It consists of two parts. The first is a long bar of iron on which weights will be placed; the other is the iron weights placed on it. After attaching the comb and wire used at the beginning of knitting, attaches to the holes on the bottom of the comb. When attaching the weight, it should be mounted in a way that balances the comb. Otherwise, the attraction will not be equal. This causes loop piles on the needles. If the weight is too much, bursts and tears occur in the knitting. If it is less, the knitting surface will not be at the desired setting.
Q.166. Why is yarn paraffin in knitting and what is its feature, please explain?
C.166. Paraffin: Petroleum It is a white solid obtained during fractionation distillation. It is used in candle making. It is also used as a finishing agent such as candles. In order for the knitting process to take place more smoothly, comfortably and efficiently, it should be made slippery by moistening, waxing or impregnating with some emulsions. As a result of these processes, the thread can move freely, friction force is reduced and the possibility of thread breakage is minimized. Penetration determines the hardness of paraffin. Paraffins with a hardness of 15-25 are used practically. Small numbers denote hard paraffin. If the room temperature is more than 30°C, hard paraffins should be used. The paraffins used should be of the type that can be easily removed from the fabric in later processes.
Q.167.What is the function of tongue hooks (crochet needle)?
C.167. Tongue hooks (Crochet needle):Crochet needles (tongue needles) are the tools used to catch and knit the loop that has escaped a few rows. Runaway loops are in the form of a dumb hook and are used to catch the missed loop and knit.
S.168. Your dumb hook What is the mission?
C.168. Mute hook (stray needle): One end is curved and pointed, and a transfer needle is placed on the other end. Also known as orange needle. It is multifunctional. The curved end is used to take the loop out of the knitting on the machine and pass it back to the needle.
S.169. Needle selector comb What is the mission?
C.169.Needle selector comb: Before starting the knitting, it is used to select the needle according to the feature of the knitting to be made. It gets its name from here because it has a comb-like appearance. It facilitates needle selection. It has no other function.
S.170. What does the needle arrangement mean in a flat hand knitting machine, please explain?
C.170. Short and long foot needles are used to select the needle while working on the pattern to be made. With the help of the steels in the steel table, the patterning is done by following the needle path of the needles. According to the pattern to be made, the needles are arranged as long and short legs on the area to be knitted on the plate.
P.171. In flat hand knitting machine Arrange the needles in the form of long and short feet in order to knit 1x1 rubber.
S.172. In flat hand knitting machine Explain what the Jacquard Position means?
C.172. The standing position of the two plates on the machine is called the jacquard position. In flat hand knitting machines, the front plate is fixed, the back plate is movable. Movement to the back plate is given by the jacquard break arm. If the back plate and the front plate are in line, this position is called the knitting (full needle) position.
S.173.In flat hand knitting machine How many Jacquard Positions are there, what are their names?
C.173. There are three (3). one- Knitting (full needle) position 2-Half-boat (needles opposite) position 3-Transfer position