Production, Quality Control and Marketing in Knitting
  • Production, Quality Control and Marketing in Knitting


    In the production process of the knitted product; First of all, necessary preparation processes such as waxing, folding or winding are applied to the yarns selected according to the product type determined by the customer. The knitting command is given by the designer by preparing the knitting pattern in the computerized pattern design program and loading it into the knitting machine.

    First, the prototype (first example) is created.. By trying different color and pattern variants of the samples, the models for which the first sample approval is obtained according to the color, size and pattern knitting are started to be produced.

    Pieces knitted in accordance with the pattern, pattern and color are sent to quality control, and the first checks are made with the help of a lighted table or sense organs (hand-eye), and the faulty ones are separated. The defect-free parts that pass the control are sent to the overlock section and the edges are basted. After basting, it is washed and dried in the appropriate washing program. Knitted pieces are sent to the first iron and the pieces that are ready for cutting are cut according to the patterns produced according to the model. If there are decoration features before the assembly work, it is sent to the relevant unit for hand-made operations. Later, the side and top labels of the knitted pieces, which are transferred to the ready-made clothing section for side seams and to the remayo section for tape and collar attachment, are attached in these sections. The products are sent to the final iron and quality controls are carried out during ironing. Those who pass the quality control are sent to the packaging and made ready for distribution.

    Quality production is among the biggest factors in the survival of businesses, providing customer satisfaction and being preferred.

    Quality; It is an important concept in human life. Definitions of quality vary widely. Quality is the set of characteristics that show its ability to meet specified needs.

    Quality; It is a desired and expected standard.

    Quality; It is the fulfillment of the expected performance of a product or service at the highest level.

    Quality; Conditions and features that are requested by the buyer for a product.

    Quality; It is the constant element of customer satisfaction and a criterion that includes the whole business.

    Quality; It is the judgment given by the customer or user about a product or service.

    Quality; It is suitable for the purpose of use and customer requests.

    There are factors that create the final quality of a product and directly affect its quality.

    These Ones;

    project and design quality, raw material quality, technical and engineering calculation quality, production quality, workmanship quality, control quality, packaging quality, storage and distribution quality and usage quality.

    With the use of machinery in production and the industrial revolution, cost reductions have been achieved and for many years, the price has been the only determinant for a sale. Later on, with the development of modern management systems and the formation of educated and conscious customers, quality is predominant.

    was introduced and became the determining factor.

    Total Quality Management (TQM);

    In order to satisfy the customer in the most economical way, the marketing, purchasing, engineering, production, control, sales and service activities within the company are organized and the quality is created, maintained and improved.

    and the realization of an effective system to ensure its follow-up.

    TQM is a management philosophy that enables the planning and implementation of activities involving all employees, suppliers and distribution channels of an enterprise in order to meet the needs and reasonable expectations of customers in a complete, continuous and most economical way.

    The concepts of “Customer Orientation,” “Customer Satisfaction” and “Customer Satisfaction” came to the fore in TQM. The main purpose of TQM is to produce the products or services produced in the enterprises in accordance with the wishes and needs of the individuals who use it. It covers not only the production steps, but also all the steps from the production of the product until it reaches the customer.

    Total Quality Control, marketing, design, manufacturing, inspection and shipping etc. is to reach the goal by producing correctly with zero error at the first time with the participation of all departments.

    A country that is export-oriented in textile needs to be more careful about quality. In the textile sector, production includes successive processes and the result of one process becomes the raw material of another process. Thus, quality control manifests itself in yarn, weaving, knitting, finishing, dyeing-printing and ready-made clothing departments starting from raw materials. It is important to catch errors in these processes and take precautions.

    Standards, which are one of the means of producing quality products, are important.

    Standard; It means togetherness in production, understanding, measurement.

    Standardization is;

    It is the process of establishing and enforcing certain rules, with assistance and cooperation, in relation to a particular activity, in order to obtain economic benefits.

    Quality assurance;

    It covers the implementation of all necessary planned and systematic activities to ensure that a product or service conforms to the expected quality requirements with sufficient assurance. For this, it is necessary to apply to the Institutions. The applied institutions allow the company to gain significant competitive power in national and international markets by issuing documents after the proposed regulations according to the examinations and determinations to be made in the company.

    The establishment of a Quality Assurance System in an enterprise ensures that all processes are carried out without exception and exactly in accordance with this system. Factory owners benefit from various organizational systems in order to certify that they produce their products with high quality.

    ISO, one of the international standard organizations:

    (International Organization For Standardization) is the international standards organization.

    These documents;

    ISO 9000 series standards;

    It is based on eight quality management principles as customer focus, leadership, employee participation, process approach, system approach in management, continuous improvement, data-based decision making approach, mutual benefit with suppliers.

    ISO 9000 Quality Management System Certificate

    smoother operations of a company and is established for systematic organization.

    ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Certificate

    It is organized in order that the activities carried out in a company do not harm the environment (air, water, soil, vegetation, living things, etc.) or give the least amount of damage.

    ISO 14001 environmental certificate An institution that receives a license shows that it complies with the legal regulations and carries out its activities in a systematic and controlled manner so that it does not harm the environment. Any sign consisting of person names, words, figures, letters or numbers, which is used to distinguish the goods or services of one enterprise from the goods or services of another enterprise. brand was calledr.

    Trademark registration certificate with the aim of preventing the unfair and unconscious use of these signs and to prevent any damage that may arise due to this reason.

    The production of harmless products in terms of environment and health has gained importance due to the increasing environmental awareness in the European Union countries, which are an important market for Turkey's exports. For this purpose, there are many ecological (environmentally related) product labels developed in the European Union countries or accepted in a few countries. The label developed in Germany in the field of textile is the “ecotex” label. Production sites are labeled with this label. It includes a whole in which there are no prohibited chemicals and technologies or environmental management systems with limit values ​​work. This test standard also takes into account environmental protection issues within the framework of production and additionally guarantees that no child workers are employed in the enterprise.

    The purpose of ensuring quality standards; to produce good quality products at the same quality level in a long time. Intermediate and final checks alone are not sufficient to achieve this goal. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a well-organized quality system.

    Responsibility for production quality, training group chief (trainer), group chief (band chief), main

    It belongs to the production management, which consists of various levels such as group chief, production chief and business manager.

    For the product to be produced, first of all, all the features of that product must be designed. Consumer demands, business policies, raw materials, materials, technological facilities, facilities and equipment to be used in production, luxury features etc. Factors such as these affect the quality during the design phase.


    Establishing a relationship with the markets is realizing the change in order to meet the wants and needs of the people. Knowing and anticipating what the customer wants is simply understanding the customer.

    One-to-one (face-to-face) marketing, which is a type of marketing, is a technique that has existed in the past and will continue to exist in the future.

    Marketing is the process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion and distribution of goods, services and ideas to bring about exchanges in achieving personal and organizational goals. Activities that enable the movement of goods from production places to sales places are included in marketing. Therefore, businesses; They carry out production and marketing activities together in order to determine the potential market for certain goods, to create the demand that will enable the efficient use of the production capacity of the enterprise, to establish and implement a suitable distribution system.

    Errors that occur as a result of not applying the necessary standard conditions in the stages that the raw material passes until it becomes a product affect quality and marketing. These errors are; Errors originating from the machine, arising from the yarn, arising from the personnel, arising from the consumer, in terms of marketing, in terms of quality, in terms of planning and organization management are grouped as.


    Posted by %PM, 15% 863% 2016 22%:%Sep in Knitting Read 2289 times

Production, Quality Control and Marketing in Knitting