Weaving Designer Questions 2
  • Weaving Designer questions 2



    Q.1.What is weaving?


    C.1.Weaving is one of the surface forming techniques in textile. The fabrics formed by the connection of two thread systems at right angles according to certain rules are called weaving.


    Q.2.What does warp mean?


    C.2.The threads parallel to the edge along the length of the woven fabric are called warp.


    Q.3.What does scarf mean?


    C.3. Yarns that pass from one side of the fabric to the other in the transverse direction between the warp yarns in the woven fabric are called weft. 


    Q.4.What is knitting report?


    C.4. The smallest unit of weaving weave that repeats in the same way in the transverse (weft) and longitudinal (warp) directions is called knitting pattern.


    Q.5.What is Pattern Paper?


    C.5. The checkered paper on which the weft and warp connections that make up the fabric are shown is called pattern paper.


    Q.6. What does the Blank Square mean on the Pattern Paper?


    C.6. The points where the weft thread is on the warp thread on the woven fabric are called blank squares on the pattern paper. This intersection point is left blank on the pattern paper. Each blank dot on the pattern paper indicates that the weft thread is on the warp thread.


    Q.7. What does the Filled Square Mean on the Pattern Paper?


    C.7. The points where the warp thread is on the top and the weft thread is on the bottom are called the filled square on the pattern paper. This intersection point is filled in the pattern paper. Each solid dot on the pattern paper shows that the warp thread is on the weft thread.


    Q.8. Classify Weaving Knits?


    C.8. Weaving weaves are collected in 6 groups;


    1-Main braids

    2-Derived braids

    3-Combined braids

    4-Reinforced braids

    5-Multi-layered braids

    6-Pile braids


    Q.9.What are the weaves derived from the Master Braids?


    C.9. Braids derived from Main Braids;

    a- Knits derived from cloth foot

    b- Braids derived from Twill weave

    c- Braids derived from satin weave


    Q.10. What are the knits derived from the rag foot knit?


    C.10. Braids derived from ragweed knitting;


    a-Rips Braids

    b-Panama Braids


    Q.11.What are Rips Braids?


    C.11.Rips braids;


    a-Weft Ripple

    b- Warp Rip

    c-Batter Rips

    d-Patterned Rips


    Q.12. What are Panama Braids?


    C.12. Panama Braids: 

    a-Regular Panama

    b-Irregular Panama

    c-Patterned Panama


    Q.13-What are the weaves derived from the Twill weave?


    C.13- Braids derived from twill weave: 

    a-Broken twill

    b-Wavy twill

    c-Diagonal twill

    d-Herringbone twill

    e-Zigzag twill

    f-Batter twill

    g-Cut twill



    Q.14. What is rag foot knitting?


    C.14. The simplest weaving weave is the plain weave. It is the weave formed by the weft yarn passing one under and one over the warp yarns along the width of the fabric, and the second weft yarn making a reverse movement. The connection of warp and weft threads in plain weave is similar to wicker or basket weave. It is a form of knitting formed by connecting odd-numbered warp threads with odd-numbered weft threads, and even-numbered warp threads with even-numbered weft threads. The plain, which provides the most frequent intersection and interlocking, allows the tissues to be formed very thin and solid.


    Q.15.What are the features of cloth foot knitting?




    • It is the only weave in which the warp and weft threads do not float (a thread passes over or under more than one thread perpendicular to it).
    • Ragfoot knit is the smallest report woven weave. The knitting pattern has two warp and two weft threads.
    • Each port contacts other ports on all four corners. It is the most durable form of weaving due to the frequent weft and warp connections.
    • The front and back sides of the cloth foot knit fabric are the same. If no pattern creation process has been applied to the fabric, plain weave has no pattern effect.


    Q.16. If the warp yarn is higher than the weft yarn in twill knitting, which twill group does it belong to?


    C.16. In twill weave, if the warp yarn is higher than the weft yarn, it is in the warp-faced twill group.


    Q.17. What are the usage areas of cloth foot knitting?


    C.17. Since it is the simplest and most durable weaving weave, it is suitable for all kinds of fabric weaving, ie woven fabrics made with cotton, wool, silk and synthetic yarns.

    It has a wide range of uses such as dress, shirting, lining, pajamas and canvas fabrics, raincoats, kitchen sets, bedding, cheesecloths, draperies, sofa covers.














    Q.20. What is Tahar?


    C.20. In weaving, the process of passing the warp threads through the eyes of the frames and between the reed teeth according to certain rules is called drafting.


    Q.21. What is the purpose of making a recovery plan?


    C.21.Drawing plan shows at least how many frames a weave can be woven and which warp should take place in which frame. It is located at the top or bottom of the knitting on the pattern paper.

























    P.26. How to draw the comb plan?


    C.26. The carding plan is located between the drawing plan and the knitting report on the pattern paper. In the reed plan, each square of the pattern paper in the horizontal direction represents a warp thread. The squares are filled side by side as much as the number of wires that will pass through a tooth cavity. Two lines are used throughout the knitting pattern so that the two adjacent tooth spaces do not mix.




















    Q.30. What are the types of extraction?



    A-Row Drawing

    B-Amalgan Tahar

    C-Satin Skip Drawing

    D-Zigzag ( V) Drive

    E-Broken Charge

    F-Group Draft

    H-Mixed Extraction

    I-Double-Storey Draft


    P.31. Design a knitting. Let the drawing of this knitting be the next row?


    Q.32. Can you draw an example of the jump drill?


    P.33. Draw an example of Zik Zik Tahara?


    P.34. Can you draw an example of the broken Tahara?


    Q.35.Can you draw an example of group yield?


    Q.36. Draw an example of mixed yield?


    Q.37. Can you draw an example of amalgam yield?


    Q.38. What is the dobby plan, please explain?


    C.38. Dobby plan; It is the plan showing the up and down movements of the frames in accordance with the knitting report and drawing-in plan according to the weft order to be thrown on the weaving loom. The first basic movement for the weaving process is to open the shed. The shed is the space formed between two warp groups as a result of the movement of the frames and the fact that some of the warp threads are up and some are down.

    The weft thread passed through the shed stays under the upper warps and above the lower warps. In this way, the connection between the warp and weft thread is provided and the weaving weave is formed. Frame movements must be linked to knitting.


    P.39. What does the right dobby plan mean?


    C.39. Right dobby plan: The right dobby plan is located on the right side of the drawing plan on the pattern paper. The warp movements in the knitting pattern are read from bottom to top and drawn from right to left. Repetitive warp movements are included in the dobby plan only once. Columns are numbered from right to left, and lines showing frames are numbered from top to bottom. The frame or frames that must be above for each weft thread are indicated by solid squares in the dobby plot.



















    Q.43. What does Mirror Dobby mean?


    C.43. Mirror dobby plan: It is located on the right side of the knitting on the pattern paper. Squares, which are as many as the number of frames and called mirrors, are drawn on the right side of the drawing. The warp movements in the knitting pattern are read from the bottom up, respectively, and drawn from the bottom up with the help of a mirror. The task of the chuck is to align the warp movements between the drawing-in and dobby plan.














    Q.46. Can you draw the cloth foot knit in 10x10 dimensions?


    P.47. Draw the rag foot knit in 12x12 dimensions and make the drawing?


    P.48. Draw the rag knit in 10x10 dimensions and make the dobby?


    P.49. By drawing the rag foot weave in 10x10 dimensions;


    a-Draw the section of the first warp?

    b-Draw the cross-section of the first weft?


    P.50. What is the angle between warp and weft when forming the weaving?


    C.50.Ninety (90) degrees.


    P.51. What is the name of the longitudinal threads parallel to the edge of the fabric, which are among the threads forming the surface in weaving?


    C.51. They are warp yarns.


    P.52. What is the smallest unit of woven fabric that repeats in the same way in both the transverse and longitudinal directions?


    C.52.It is called knitting report.


    P.53. How is the position of the warp thread on the weft thread shown on the pattern paper?




    P.54. What is the name of the weave with two wefts and two warps in the knitting pattern?


    C.54. It is plain weave.


    Q.55.What are the features of twill weave?



    a-The smallest twill weave pattern consists of three warps and three wefts.

    b-The number of warp and weft is equal in twill weave patterns.

    c-Twill diagonal rises from left to right in right-handed (Z) twill weaves, and from right to left in left-handed (S) twill weaves.

    d-Both sides of twill weave fabric are different from each other. It is twill diagonal on the front side of the fabric, left-handed, and right-handed on the reverse.

    The e-cloth foot is more suitable for increasing yarn density than knitting.

    f-For this reason, it is possible to weave heavier, thicker and durable fabrics compared to plain weave. Being heavy prevents it from crumpling easily.

    g-Twill knit fabrics are more flexible and draped than plain knit fabrics.

    h-Twill weave fabrics form a suitable basis for the raising process.


    Q.56.What are the usage areas of twill knit fabrics?


    C.56. Woven fabrics produced with twill weave are generally used for weaving fabrics for men's and women's clothing, denim (Blue Jean), blankets and shirting fabrics.


    Q.57. How many twill weaves are divided into, what are their names?


    C.57. Twill weaves are divided into 3;

    A-According to the number of slopes

    B-According to the slope direction

    C-According to yarn distribution


    P.58. How many types of Twill weaves are according to the number of slopes, what are their names?


    C.58. Twill weaves are of 2 types according to the number of slopes;


    A-Single slope

    B-Very inclined


    P.59. How many types of Twill weaves are according to the slope direction, what are their names?


    C.59. Twill weaves are of 2 types according to the slope direction;

    A-Right way ( Z )

    B-Left way ( S )


    P.60. According to the yarn distribution, how many types of Twill weaves are there, what are their names?


    C.60. Twill weaves are of three types according to the yarn distribution;


    A-Weft faced

    B-Warp faced



    P.61. What does single slope twill mean?


    C.61. Single-slope twill: If a single diagonal occurs in the twill weave report, it is called single-slope twill.


    P.62. What does multi-curved twill mean?


    C.62.Multi-slope twill: If more than one diagonal occurs in the twill weave pattern, multi-sloped twill occurs.


    P.63. What does right-handed twill (Z) twill mean?


    C.63. Right-way twill (Z): If the diagonal formed in the twill weave pattern rises from left to right, it is called right-way twill.


    P.64. What does left-handed twill (S) twill mean?


    C.64. Left-way twill (S): If the diagonal formed in the twill weave pattern rises from right to left, it is called left-way twill.


    P.65. What does warp faced twill mean?


    C.65. Warp faced twill: If the warp thread on the front of the fabric is more visible than the weft thread, it is called warp faced twill.


    P.66. What does weft faced twill mean?


    C.66. Weft-faced twill: If the weft thread appears more than the warp thread on the front of the fabric, it is called weft-faced twill.


    P.67. What does equal-faced twill (balanced) mean?


    C.67. Equal sided twill (balanced): If the warp and weft threads appear in equal proportions on the front of the fabric, it is called equal sided twill.


    P.68. How many warps and how many wefts does the smallest pattern of twill weave consist of?


    C.68. The smallest pattern of twill weave consists of 3 warps and 3 wefts.







    P.70. What is the number of warps and wefts to be used for the smallest twill weave?  


    C.70. two warps and a weft. Or 1 warp, two wefts.































































































































    main question040b






















    Posted by %PM, 03% 769% 2017 20%:%Nov in Pattern

Weaving Designer questions 2