Woven Fabric Types
  • Woven Fabric Types










    They are fabrics with low water permeability, woven from cotton/viscose or polyester/viscose blend cotton type yarns, in plain or gabardine weaves. Mixing ratio is 67% polyester/33% viscose in polyester/viscose blends, and 50% viscose/50% cotton in cotton/viscose blends. Example: Gabardine; weft and warp 28/2 Ne polyester/ viscose(67/33), cm. 35 warps, 20 wefts, weight 270 gr/m2.


    100% viscose, 50% viscose/ 50% polyester, or 67% viscose/33% cotton fiber composition, cotton type yarns woven in plain weave, shirting fabrics are quite common. In some, 100% viscose yarn is used in the weft and cotton yarn in the warp. Example: Viscose shirt; weft and warp 12/1 Ne 100% viscose yarn, cm. at a frequency of 18, width 90 cm, weight 187 gr/m2 (raw).


    In plain weave, they are fabrics in various structures containing cotton-type viscose yarn. It can be woven from white or dyed yarns, it can be printed. 
    Example: Warp 30/2 What cotton thread, cm. at 32. 5 density (raw), weft 12/1 100% viscose yarn, cm. at 17 times (raw), width 96 cm, weight 227 gr/m2.


    Crepe fabrics are woven from cotton type 100% viscose yarn or 50% viscose / 50% polyester worsted yarn. These fabrics are used as dresses by printing on crepes woven from cotton type viscose yarn. Crepes woven from worsted yarns are used as skirts, dressing gowns and dresses.




    These fabrics woven from acetate, floss and silk threads are called silk satin among the people. In the warp-reinforced fabric structure, two-sided satins with different colors on the face and back are also woven. Satins woven from acetate and flush yarns are woven from 75-150 denier yarns, in 5 and 8 satin weaves. 
    Example1: Lining satin; In 5-ply satin knitting, warp 100 denier flush yarn, cm. 87 density, weft 150 denier flush yarn, cm. at a frequency of 25. 
    Example 2: Dress satin; In 8-fold satin knitting, warp 75 denier flush yarn, cm. 87 density, weft 100 denier flush yarn, cm. at a frequency of 25.


    They are fabrics with a rough surface that are woven from 20-30 denier silk or rayon yarn in a plain weave and colored with the frame printing technique.


    It is a classic type of woven fabric. Medium weight, tightly woven, plain knit, silk or rayon fabric. It has light transverse fluff lines, that is, light weft-directional rips. The rips effect is due to the warp threads being denser and thinner than the weft threads. 
    Taffeta weaving, consisting of natural silk or chemical fiber filaments, is used as a women's dress and lining. The taffeta weave consists of fine thread warp and slightly bulky weft, creating a poplin-like appearance. Taffeta is semi-hard and prone to crumpling. It has a squeaky feel when rubbed. It is brittle, soft and dense textured. By using contrasting colors in weft and warp, janjanli types that change color according to the direction of light are also made. Acetate or flush thread is also used for the same purpose.


    They are crepe fabrics woven from rayon yarns in various denier, using thicker yarn in the weft and predominantly plain or weft satin weaves. The types woven in plain weave are called crepe-rogue or morocco. Crepe-cure is often lighter than morocco. Normally twisted yarn is used in the warp. However, in the weft cm. 20-25 S and Z twisted yarns are used in 2Z 2S order. 
    Example 1: Crepe-pattern; warp 75 denier, cm. at 44 denier, weft 90 denier, cm. with a frequency of 33. 
    Example 2: Rayon crepe; 8 weft satin knitting, warp 75 denier, cm. 63 times, weft 120 denier, cm. 34 in frequency.


    Originally made of silk, it is a light and thin classical woven fabric with 2/2 twill weave. It has a soft handle and usually the entire fabric is printed with small patterns. It can also be made from rayon yarn. Used in scarves, neck ties, women's dress, etc.


    They are very soft and light permeable fabrics woven in plain weave, thin, single ply and highly twisted silk or rayon yarn. Originally made from silk, the fabric is now also produced from highly twisted artificial filaments. It is used in women's dresses, scarves, scarves and underwear. The term is used like an adjective to describe the lightest types of certain fabrics. For example; "chiffon velvet", "chiffon taffeta", cm from 14-16 denier yarn. They touch 40 times in .


    It is a shiny silk fabric woven in 8 warp satin weave as a dress fabric.


    It is a thin fabric woven in plain weave in 2S 2Z pattern from high S and Z twisted yarns in weft and warp. After the fabric is washed, ball dyeing is done. It is a fabric with a lively handle and a rough surface. A crepe effect is obtained with the effect of over-twisted yarns. In weft and warp, the yarns are arranged sequentially according to their twisting directions. It is used in blouses and women's dresses as plain or printed. 
    Example: 13-15 denier, 2 or 3 ply, cm. 20-30 weft and warp twisted in , 42 in cm.


    They are rough-surfaced fabrics woven from silk threads in plain weave, in natural color, and bearing irregularities or nopes. Since it is woven with yarn spun from wild silk, the yarn shows irregularities in random places. It has distinctly less twisted yarns. It is used in women's dresses and the like. cm from 150 denier yarn. It is woven in 30 warp and 28 weft frequencies.


    It is a soft and thin fabric type that is sparsely woven in plain weave made of silk thread.


    They are colored silk fabrics with borders on both sides, used as skirts by Indian women.


    It is a luxurious silk fabric with a heavy, light, fluffy and large jacquard pattern. It is embossed patterned on one side with extra weft or warp threads. Fluffy motifs are woven in colors that contrast with the ground color. It can be enriched with mineral fibers and techniques such as velvet. Metal threads are generally used in the weft. 
    Colors that are not used in the motif are left floating behind the fabric. It is usually a single floor and the floor is created with a simple weave. Used in garment decorative fabrics etc.


    Soft, fine fabric woven from warp rips knitted silk or continuous filament. It is a classic woven fabric type and is a medium weight, semi-gloss fabric. It has very pronounced transverse bubbles. Sometimes it is produced in plain weave with thick weft threads of rayon to give the rib effect. Used for evening dress.


    It is a fabric with a warp-ripple appearance, the weft of which is made of cotton or worsted yarn, the warp is made of silk or other continuous filament yarn, or partly one of these yarns, and is found in the entire width of the fabric. It is a shiny, medium weight fabric with prominent transverse furrows. The bumps are covered with continuous warp threads. When the ridges are thinner, it is lighter than “otoman” fabric, but heavier than “fault” fabric. Used for formal dresses, coats, upholstery etc. 
    The warp rip or cord effect can be created using any of the following methods. These; 
    1) Arrangement of warp and weft yarns in appropriate thickness and density. 
    2) Use of appropriate warp rib knits. 
    3) Using both together.


    It is a classic type of woven fabric. It is a very thin, densely knitted, silk or rayon fabric.


    It is a heavy, shiny, warp-faced, silk or silk, wool blend fabric with ribs effect on its surface. Originally, silk is woven as warp and woolen weft. 
    Warp rips knit women's dress fabric is made from multi-twist yarns. Rips may form intermittently and give streaky images. The rib effect is called ottoman cord. Rips are broad and flat. Silk and wool or silk and cotton threads are used as a floor weave in motif poplins. Upholstery, drapery, women's evening dresses and the like used.


    It is a fine Chinese cloth of plain weave woven from wild silk. Its weight is 30-50 g/m2 and the warp density is slightly higher than the weft density. Less twisted yarns are used. Originally and generally in China, it is woven from wild silk in plain weave on handlooms. Now, this name is also given to fabrics of similar weight and appearance, woven by machine and with threads other than silk. If made from cotton, these fabrics are usually mercerized and processed with chrayner calander. Used in blouse, women's dress etc.


    It is a patterned fabric that does not require additional warp and weft threads, and generally the warp satin and weft satin weaves follow each other in sequence. Heavy, bright, double-sided, fine thread. Patterned with jacquard. It is flatter than brocade. In jacquard weaving, the motifs are usually in a different color and the weft threads are white or an alternative color. Warp threads are high gloss and weft threads are matte. A reversible fabric is formed. Twill or other binding braids can sometimes be added. Used for drapery, tablecloths etc.


    It is a fabric with a rib effect in the weft direction, plain knit, shiny, with high warp density. The rib effect is more pronounced than taffeta or fault. 
    It is generally produced with continuous-filament warp yarn and coarse-ply continuous-filament or staple fiber weft yarn. It is a high quality product. Grosgrain is included in the group of fabrics with ribs in the weft direction. Examples of this group according to the increase in rib's prominence are taffeta, fault and grosgrain. Used for ribbons, graduation balls, etc.


    They are linen imitation dress fabrics whose weft and warp are in different thicknesses and consist of double layer alum silk yarn, spun yarns from viscose staple fibers or buret yarns.


    It is a fine plain knit fabric made of continuous filament yarn (originally silk) and approximately square construction.


    It is a plain weave, light, open structure fabric woven from very fine, highly twisted silk or synthetic filament yarn. High twist solid yarns give the fabric a crispy feel. They are produced as curtain fabric from synthetic fibers. It is a fabric produced with yarns in which two or three yarns are twisted slightly to give the impression that two or three twisted fine silk warp yarns are originally woven as if they were a single strand and that there are two or three weft yarns in the same shed.


    They are thin fabrics with a hard handle, which are made of natural or artificial fiber filaments, which have undergone a hardening finishing process with swelling chemicals. It is a light plain knit fabric with a very thin and hard touch. 
    Modern organzas made from polyester filament yarns are relatively inexpensive and often feature a line, square or jacquard pattern. It is used in women's dress, accessories, etc. It is generally used as a women's top clothing fabric.




    Patterned fabrics obtained by applying various simple and complex patterns to cotton plain fabric by printing are called printing. For this purpose, various yarns from 20 (Ne) to 36 numbers are used. In addition, fabrics made of cotton/polyester, cotton/viscose blend yarns can also be colored by printing. However, these fabrics are more commonly known as prints. Printing is carried out by applying the dyes on top of each other, according to the pattern, with the help of printing rollers or printing frames on the bleached fabric. Although the transfer printing technique has been developed recently, it is an expensive method. 

    Jeans, Jeans, Denim 
    Jeans is used as the equivalent of the English word Denim in Turkish. The dictionary meaning is "a kind of blue, coarse cotton fabric, jeans for which clothes are made". The main reason why the word "kot" is placed in Turkish is that this name comes from the surname of the first person who produced blue jeans in Turkey. Magnificent Kot, who made the first jeans production in Turkey, encountered jeans on a trip to France in 1940. Admiring its durability and sewing style, Magnificent Jeans decides to produce this fabric in Turkey. When he returned to Turkey, he succeeded in producing this fabric, and by 1960, he had a production of 200 pieces per day. This fabric was very popular, especially by the peasants and workers at that time. In 1960, they branded the name KOT. However, in the 80s, when the Özal period came, the doors were opened with the free market economy and with the entry of foreign brands into the domestic market, the denim brand jeans, which had been in the first place until those days, have now become 2nd class. Thus, the company, whose sales decreased, stopped production in 1992 and leased the factory. The word "Blucin" is the Turkish version of the English word "Bluejeans". Although it is settled in our language, it is used less than the word jeans. On the other hand, in English, the color blue, which was a common color in the early periods in this type of trousers, was formed by combining the English word blue with the word jeans, which is the general name given to trousers made of denim material. 

    Canvas Cloth

    This thick cotton fabric, also called tent cloth, is a strong and heavy weight fabric used in the manufacture of awnings, tents, sails and straps. It is usually woven from multi-layered thick number yarns in plain weave. Usually 6 ply 14 - 20 Ne thread is used in the warp. 

    They are fabrics woven in plain and 2/2 twill weave to make sheets and duvet covers. Sheets with 2/2 twill weave are woven using thicker yarns, for example 12 -14 neither warp, nor 10-12 weft thread. In cloth-foot bed sheets, 18 -24 Neither warp, 16 . 20 What weft yarn is used. Warp densities applied in this type of linens are between 18 -30 cm per cm, weft densities between 18 and 24 per cm. they are also woven in the appearance of flannel by being fluffed. 


    It is the name given to cotton white fabrics in which jacquard motifs are developed with 5 weft and warp satin. 

    They are fabrics with vertical twill appearance in which the twill lines are located in the opposite direction of the warp twist in warp dominant twill (2/1, 3/1, 4/1) or 5-fold satin weaves. They are used as summer and tropical dresses. Khaki dm with 3/1 twill is a typical example. The yarn numbers used are varied, but they are quite thick. 

    It is a type of 2/2 twill knit cotton fabric made of thick count yarn. 

    This fabric, also known as sieve cloth, is thin and sparsely textured. 


    It is a cotton fabric that is generally woven in 2/1 twill, with a dominant warp and a vertical twill effect. It is obtained by using neither 40/2 - 48/2 warp, 20/1 - 24/1 or 40/2 - 48/2 weft yarn as trouser and trench coat. It is woven in a quality gabardine fabric with 75/2 Nm worsted warp, 60/2 or 80/2 neither cotton weft, 40 warp per cm, 35 weft density and 2/2 twill weave. Cotton weft is hank dyed yarn and ball dyeing is applied to the fabric. In fine quality cotton gabardine, 80/2 Ne yarn in weft and warp, 64 warp per cm, 30 weft densities are used. 30/2 threads are also used in thick gabardines. 

    It is a fabric that is woven less frequently in etamine knitting. 

    Shirting is the name given to the raw cloth woven in plain weave, with a well-sized warp. The standard technical features of this fabric are as follows: Width 90 cm, warp 32 Ne, 30 in cm, weft 40 Ne, 30 in cm. Better quality plain liners 36 It is woven from neither warp nor weft at 30 warp and 38 weft frequencies per cm. On the other hand, there are also types woven from thicker yarns, for example 28/2 18 warps per cm from neither weft nor warp; Plaid shirts with 16 weft density and 165 gr./m2 weight are also produced. Almost all of the types of shirts that are woven from fine threads in plain weave are incorrectly specified with the term poplin. On the other hand, there are shirtings woven in twill and basket weaves, fancy patterned shirts woven using satin sections or extra yarns, and striped and plaid shirts woven with colored yarns. 
    Two Faced Table Cloth 
    It is a two-sided, double-layered plain fabric, with a motif, thick fabric. 

    Hood Cloth 
    This fabric, which is also defined as American cloth, is a fabric woven from carded yarn in plain weave and not bleached. Generally, it is woven from 12/1 - 16/1 Neither British Cotton Number yarn at a frequency of 15-20 per cm. 

    Cotton crepe fabrics are lightweight fabrics woven from high twisted yarns in crepe weaves. The crepe look is achieved by plain weave, using weft and warp yarns with high twist in the opposite direction, and high shrinkage of the fabric. During drawing, the yarns curl in the twisting direction, creating an irregular surface appearance. Crepe fabrics are usually top dyed, but can also be printed. 


    It is a fabric similar to cheesecloth, but more often woven, bleached and soft-touched. Generally, it is woven from 30/1 yarn at 23-25 ​​warp/cm, 16-18 weft/cm intervals and approximately 80-85 gr./m' weight. 







    It is a plain knit, soft, thin and sparsely woven cotton fabric. There are also types made by placing compressed sections in the plain structure and figured types made by using extra yarns. 

    It is a type of cotton fabric woven in plain weave using neither 30/1 40/1 warp nor 24/140/1 weft. 

    It is a thin, light weight, sparsely woven, semi-transparent cotton fabric that belongs to the muslin class. It is used as a dress, embroidery and accessory. In a good quality organza, 80 neither warp, 100 nor weft, 32 in cm are used frequently. 

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    Otoman is the name given to white fabrics woven in warp pique knitting with thin warp and thick weft threads. 

    Cotton Dresses 
    This group of cotton fabrics are cheap fabrics woven as an imitation of worsted fabrics. They are woven as plain or patterned fabrics for summer dresses and especially for trousers. Weaves such as plain, twill and panama are mostly applied. The yarns used should be made of good quality cotton and the warp should be a low twist two-ply yarn. 

    Cotton Georgette 
    Silky georgette imitation is a fine cotton fabric woven in a plain weave from very highly twisted weft and warp threads. A good cotton georgette 70/2 is woven with 20 warps and 18 wefts per cm and pulled at a rate of 25%. Cheaper types of lower quality are also woven. These fabrics can also be printed. 


    This fabric, also known as Hasse, is a plain knit, bleached, light weight cotton fabric used for underwear and embroidery. Depending on the type of finish applied, it can be soft or fresh. In very fine embroidered calico, 60-80 weft, 84-140 per cm, 56-66 Ne warp, 80-100 per cm can be used. In calico woven for daily use, structures woven from 20-30 warp and weft at 20-36 cm intervals are applied. 

    This fabric, also known as Hasse, is a plain knit, bleached, light weight cotton fabric used for underwear and embroidery. Depending on the type of finish applied, it can be soft or fresh. In very fine embroidered calico, 60-80 weft, 84-140 per cm, 56-66 Ne warp, 80-100 per cm can be used. In calico woven for daily use, structures woven from 20-30 warp and weft at 20-36 cm intervals are applied. 


    It is the general name given to the fabrics that are woven in pajamas, shirting fabric properties, but in tread patterns. They are arranged as a combination of plain weave on the ground, satin or twill weaves in the pathed sections. 

    Fabrics woven in plain weave using thin warp and thick weft are called poplin. Poplin fabric, which used to be woven using silk thread, is now made from mercerized fine count combed cotton thread. Generally Ne 30/1 yarn is used in the warp and Ne 20/1 - 30/1 yarn is used in the weft. Thinner poplins are woven using neither 60/2 - 80/2 warp, nor 60/2 - 30/1 weft. Below are two typical examples. 

    Silk slub imitation is a fabric woven in plain weave, using nopeliya or uneven cotton weft yarn with thin and thick sections. 

    Cotton satin is a shiny and soft surface fabric woven in a 5-weft satin weave. It is produced in various qualities as bleached, mercerized, black painted or pattern printed. Neither 20/1 -36/1 or 30/2 - 48/2 warp, 12/1 - 20/1 or 30/2 weft thread can be used. 

    It is a sparsely woven, light weight and soft fabric. It can be used as a cover, as well as for packaging and size-hardened, as a lining. 30 - 36 What yarn is woven at 8- 17 times per cm. 

    It is a type of sparsely woven cotton fabric from fine count, grated, highly twisted combed yarn. It is woven from neither 50/2 yarn at 14 frequencies per cm, or from 100/2 yarn at 22 frequencies per cm. There are ways, figured and printed patterns.




    It is an inexpensive fabric type, woven in 2/2 twill weave, with a thick number of wefts and a cotton warp. The fabric is woven in white. After it has rested to the extent that it covers the cotton thread, it is dyed in colors such as black, dark brown, navy blue by ball dyeing method. Strayhgarn wool yarn can be used in both weft and warp in higher quality types. A typical example is given below: 
    Example: Warp 12/2 Neither cotton thread, cm. at 12 times, weft 3 Nm Strayhgarn yarn, cm. at 5 times, width 10 cm., weight 145 gr/ m470.


    They are plain colored clothing and dressing fabrics in 2/2 twill weave, woven from fine number strayhgarn yarn and felted to some extent with heavy resting and the surface is fluffed. Thicker types can also be used as topcoats. 
    Example: Warp 16/1 Nm Strayhgarn yarn, cm. at 23 density, weft 16/1 Nm Strayhgarn yarn, cm. at 18 frequency, weight 275 gr. /m2, width 145 cm.


    They are cachet-like streakygarn fabrics whose surface is fluffed with a heavy rotting and a light raising. In fact, this name is made of 12/1 Nm strayhgarn yarn, cm. It is the name given to a special fabric that is woven in twill weave with a frequency of 16 in . However, this term is now used for stamp type heavyweight fabrics. 
    Example: In broken twill weave, 16/1 Nm strayhgarn weft and warp, cm. in 22 weft and warp density, 370 gr. /m2 in weight, 150 cm. end


    Flannel is a soft-touch fabric that is woven in 2/2 twill or plain weave with fine-numbered woolen yarns and whose surface is slightly piled by the processes of resting and raising. It can be used in clothes that are worn close to the body due to its soft touch. 
    Example: Knit 2/2 twill, warp 12/1 Nm staple yarn, cm. at 14 times, weft 14/1 Nm Strayhgarn yarn, cm. at 16 frequency, weight 5 gr. /m245, width 2-145 cm.


    In plain knitting, it is a soft fabric that is woven from woolen yarn made of merino wool and felted by pulling about 33% from the width and 25% from the length with a heavy resting, thus creating a pile layer on its surface. Usually from 12/1 Nm Strayhgarn yarn, cm. It is woven at a frequency of 12-13 warps and 15-16 wefts. After the finishing processes described above, it is dyed green and used as billiard fabric.


    Usually in plain or 2/2 broken twill weave, cm. They are heavyweight fabrics that are woven 6-1 times in . They are made as coats and coats. There is a total shrinkage of 10% from the width and 1% from the length. 
    Example: 2/2 twill weave, warp 6/1 Nm strayhgarn yarn, cm. at 16, weft same yarn, cm. at 13 frequency.





    It is the name given to thick sports jacket fabrics woven from thick number pile woolen yarn. The original type woven from hand-spun yarns is known as "Harris Tweed". 

    Example: 2/2 twill weave, 4 Nm strayhgarn weft and warp, cm. at a frequency of 7.


    Chevyot is a type of fabric woven from streakygarn yarns made from crossbred fleece. After a light dent, light raising is done and the hard touch and open texture of the fabric is preserved during the finishing processes. The fabric is designed as dress, jacket and overcoat with bright colors and interesting patterns. cm with 6-10 Nm threads. It is applied in 10-14 frequencies.

    They are fabrics made of thick, heavily dink-treated wool or wool/synthetic blend yarns. Strayhgarn weft yarn is less twisted. In the warp, double worsted yarn or cotton yarn can be used instead of wool yarn. Fabric structure can be single-layered structures using plain and twill weaves, as well as weft-reinforced or double-layered structures. Blankets are usually woven in colour. With the raising process, a thick and dense pile layer is formed on the fabric surface. For this reason, in reinforced and two-layer structures, since the pile will be removed from the weft yarn, thick number weft yarn is used and weft skips of appropriate length are arranged in knitting. 
    The width and weight of the blankets can be different. The width is generally 140-160 cm for single blankets, 2-0 m for double blankets. is . Weight 2 gr. /m3 with 400gr. It can vary between /m2. Below are two examples: 
    Example 1: Wool blanket; 2/2 twill weave, warp 4. 5 Nm strayhgarn yarn, cm. at 10 times, weft 4 Nm Strayhgarn yarn, cm. It is in 5 frequency, width 11 m, weight 2 gr/m1, in colored plaid patterns. 
    Example 2: Two-sided blanket; knit 3/1 and 1/3 twill, warp 20/2 Ne cotton yarn, weft 2. 5 Nm woolen yarn, warp density cm. 9, weft density cm. in . 15, width 150 cm., weight 700 gr/m2, plaid or jacquard patterns.


    These fabrics, which are woven from two or more layers of woolen yarn, are subjected to a heavy washing and resting process to ensure full felting. While doing this, the fabric is pulled from the width and the length by 50%. Thus, while a hairy and smooth fabric surface is formed, the yarn structure of the fabric is lost in the fabric. These felts, which are especially used as conveyor belts in paper production, have water absorbing and non-shrinking properties and resistance to tensions. Usually 2/2 twill is applied as knitting. Woven felts are used for various industrial purposes.


    They are soft and open textured fabrics woven in various knits and patterns from woolen yarns made from “Saxony” and merino wool. They are used as dress and coat fabric. For light and medium weights, 2/2 twill weave and 12 Nm and finer staple yarns are suitable.


    It is a plain weave, woven woolen fabric with slight transverse fluff. Sometimes twill can be used in knitting. It has a matted, medium weight and unidirectional brushed surface, which is given a garment fabric finish. It is generally painted in dark colors. Used for women's dresses etc.


    It is a fabric with a finished surface and a warp surface. Dress type finishing is given by using weaves such as 2/1 warp twill and 3/1 broken twill and the name “doeskin” is used. In other words, it puts a fabric with the chamois touch and effect of the finishing in the category of “doeskin” fabric. The fabric is made of pure wool and often merino wool or a merino blend.


    It is a plain knit fabric with randomly distributed brightly colored dots or freckles and woven with woolen yarn. It was originally produced as a coarse woolen dress in Donegal, England, and is named after this.


    It is a plain knit tweed fabric consisting of a light colored nope warp and a dark weft. It consists of colored, less twisted and small-nope yarns. Its warps are light and its wefts are dark.


    It is a type of woolen, luxurious fabric, usually in black color. It is woven with worsted warp and wool yarn, with satin or diagonal weave. It is used in formal wear and lounge dresses.


    It is a thick, soft, wavy surface, woolen coat fabric in which the extra weft yarn is floated on the fabric surface and then broken off during the finishing process.


    It is a rested, raised wool coat fabric. It is woven with thick woolen yarn or reinforced yarns. It is produced as heavy, high quality, double layered with 3/1 twill twill on the upper part and plain weave on the lower part.


    It is a compact, shiny, woolen fabric that is ribbed or twill diagonally, very rested, finished as short pile.


    It is a type of strayhgarn woolen fabric that is generally dark blue in color and used by aviators as upper clothing. Rather, it is 2/2 twill, very dinned and bristled and brushed with curly pile.



    1) It is a thick woolen fabric with folded pile in its original. This term is also; It is used in fabric with rough surface, which is formed by using a fancy yarn on a fabric that does not have a special finishing, or by using flat yarns on a fabric with a special finish. 
    2) Fashionable fabrics used for coats and jackets, the lighter ones for dresses, in contrast to the ratine fabrics in use, with a knitting pattern (eg, herringbone) or a color pattern (eg, square).


    Worsted FABRICS


    They are thin summer fabrics woven from fine count wool, wool / mohair or wool / polyester blend worsted yarns in plain knitting. Generally, 60/2 or 52/2 Nm yarns are used. In order to obtain a smooth fabric surface, a good cutting process is made in 100% wool fabrics. For wool/polyester blended fabrics, gauze (burning) treatment is necessary and prevents pilling. 
    Example: 100% wool fabric; 60/2 Nm worsted yarn in weft and warp, warp density cm. 31 in, weft density cm. at 29, width 150 cm., weight 240 gr. /m2.


    It is the general name given to the fabrics in which worsted yarn made of bright fibers such as alpaca and mohair is used in the weft. The scarf is single layered. Generally, two-ply worsted wool yarn is used in the warp. A special routine is applied in the finishing that does not wear the fabric and reveals the shine. 
    Example: Mohair fabric; plain weave, weft 26/1 Nm worsted mohair yarn, cm. at 19, warp 52/2 Nm worsted yarn, cm. It is 24 in frequency.


    The term serge is the general name given to woolen fabrics woven in 2/2 twill weave. The most used type is trouser fabrics woven from worsted yarn in unicolored colors. Types woven from 100% wool or 45% wool / 55% polyester blend 36/2-40/2 Nm worsted yarns in medium weight are common. In addition to the plain colored ones made of 100% wool vigurö yarn, there are also patterned types used as dresses. 
    Example: Wool serge; warp 36/2 Nm worsted yarn, cm. at 27 density, weft 5/36 Nm worsted yarn, cm. at 2 frequency, weight 23 gr. /m5.


    It is a type of dress fabric with 2/2 twill weave and a step effect by applying 1A 1K color scheme. It is obtained by applying a finishing routine that gives a smooth and lint-free surface in the serge structure. 
    Example: Warp 40/2 Nm yarn, cm. at 27 frequency, weft same yarn, cm. at 5 frequency, weight 23 gr. /m270.


    They are soft-touch, plain and patterned dress fabrics that are woven in 2/2 twill weave and the surface is fluffed by resting. 

    These are trouser and topcoat fabrics woven in warp-dominated twill weaves. It is a durable and less flexible fabric. The warp frequency is increased to provide waterproofing in topcoats. Care should be taken not to cause glare while ironing. 
    Example: Knit 2/1 twill, warp 56/2 Nm worsted yarn, cm. at 40, weft same yarn, cm. at a frequency of 25, weight 250 gr. /m2.


    They are fabrics in 2/2 twill weave, worsted or woolen yarns in complex plaid patterns, and bright and pure colors such as red, navy blue, green and yellow are used. They are used as shawls, skirts and covers. A soft finish is applied. 
    Example: Tartan skirt; weft and warp 74/2 Nm worsted yarn, cm. at 27 frequency, width 5 cm.


    They are plain and patterned fabrics woven in 2/2 basket weave in different weights. As a summer fabric, it is woven from loose textured linen or wool/linen blend worsted yarns. 100% wool or 45/55 wool / polyester blended worsted yarns can also be used for winter clothes. It is given a soft touch in the finishing.


    They are light weight fabrics with a hard handle, obtained by weaving high twisted yarns, after folding, in plain weave and at low frequencies. Muline threads can also be used to give the fabric a gritty or sandy effect. 
    Example: Warp 56/4 Nm worsted yarn, cm. at 19. 5 frequency, weft same yarn, cm. at 14 times, weight 240 gr. /m2.


    Strayhgarn fabric imitation worsted fabrics woven from thick count worsted yarns in various weaves and patterns. By applying a special finishing routine, care is taken to preserve the color brightness and hardness. 
    Example: 2/2 twill herringbone weave, weft and warp 32/2 Nm worsted yarn, cm. at 25 weft, 5 warp density, weight 22 gr. /m335.


    It is a thin, flexible and durable dress fabric woven from fine worsted yarns in 1/2 twill or 2/2 basket twill weaves. It is also used as tuxedo, skirt and dress. In a type used in heavy weight military uniforms, a two-layer structure is applied in the 2Y1A pattern, the face is panama twill (basket twill) and the back is plain weave. Fine merino fleece is used in its yarn and it is usually also made in white, black, dark navy colors. After touching white, the ball is colored by dyeing.

    Example: 2/2 basket twill weave, warp 70/2 Nm 100% wool worsted yarn, cm. at 46, weft same yarn, cm. at 33 frequency, width 5 cm., weight 150 gr. /m300.


    Very high S and Z twisted worsted yarns are fabrics obtained by applying a light finishing process after being woven together and generally in 1:1 arrangement, in plain or crepe knits, at low frequencies. They are generally used in women's dresses.


    They are self-patterned striped and heavy weight fabrics. They are woven in two-layer plain weave and in structures formed by lines by arranging compressed sections. Effect yarns can also be used so that they will be seen very little and will not spoil the single color effect. 
    Example: Warp 46/2 Nm worsted yarn, cm. at 36 frequency, weft same yarn, cm. at a frequency of 30, weight 275 gr/m2.


    It is a weft dominant dress fabric, woven in 1/2 twill weave using finer worsted wool yarn in the weft. Great frequency is applied in the weft. In the cheap types, cotton yarn can also be used in the warp. In finishing, weft dominance is improved by stretching the fabric from the length and pulling it from the width. 
    Example: Warp 46/2 Nm. Worsted or 60/2 Ne cotton thread, cm. at 20 times, weft 64/2 Nm. worsted yarn, cm. with a frequency of 47.


    They are coat fabrics with a curved and shiny pile layer on the surface. The curly surface is provided in two ways with worsted yarns prepared with a special method: 
    a) When a tightly woven basic fabric is finished, it is drawn by using a non-shrinking yarn, by the crimping of the jumps. 
    b) By using crimped mohair yarn in a weft loop fabric structure.




    It is the name given to the flag fabric that is obtained by sparsely weaving in plain weave from thick count worsted yarns spun from long and bright domestic wool blends and then dyed. 24/2 or 16/1 Nm weft, 24/2Nm warp thread, cm. It is used in 10-11 frequencies. Fabric 150-155 cm. It is woven in width, with a weight of 170 gr/m2.




    2 cm with 2/140 twill weave. product width, cm. It is a dress fabric woven with 20 weft, 20 warp yarn density and 30/2 Ne worsted yarn with warp and weft yarn. The yarns are a mixture of cotton and wool and are approximately 30-40% cotton. It is a cheap fabric.




    They are very light worsted fabrics made of pure shear wool, mostly in the character of crepe-loop and chiffon. These fabrics, which partially resemble basket weave and always have a dry handle, can be woven in one or multiple colors.




    It is a fabric that is usually woven with seven frames and is used as protective clothing in ammunition factories.




    It is a porous dress fabric made with a modified plain weave with a cube-shaped surface appearance. Worsted-like yarns and double-ply yarns bring out the character of the Panama weave. Rough woven nates need a supportive underlayment. 




    It is a worsted fabric woven on the basis of fancy twill, with a satin back. The coarser warp thread on the back adds weight and gives a fine surface weave. This fabric is 150 cm. 175 cm to give the product width. touches the end. The warp pattern is 2 sides, 1 back. All of the yarns are worsted and are woven with yarns of Ne 56/2 on the face and Ne 24 on the back. The frequencies are cm. 52(34 face, 18 back) warp wire and cm. 36 weft threads.




    It is a spring fabric created by weaving yarns with a five-warp satin weave, different color patterns in the warp and weft, and generally worsted or wool-polyester blended yarns with a shiny effect. It gives the impression of twill weave due to the combination of different color appearance and knitting feature on the front and back of the fabric.




    Coats are 2/2 twill weave fabric made with crossbred worsted yarn used as lining in uniforms.




    It is a medium weight, semi-gloss, hard finished, twill weave worsted or synthetic fabric. Its surface is like shark skin.




    Posted by %PM, 26% 571% 2016 15%:%Jun in Weaving

Woven Fabric Types