Classification of Woven Fabrics
  • Classification of Woven Fabrics


    Hundreds of scholars have little differing opinions on the definition and explanation of woven fabrics.In general, in most weaving sources, the fabric is considered as a textile material that is formed by the vertically woven of two system yarns. Woven fabrics are surfaces obtained from the intersection of two thread systems consisting of threads perpendicular to each other and parallel to each other. These vertically intersecting threads form connection points from above or below at each intersection point. Yarn systems that are parallel to each other are called weft and warp, and every point where they connect is called texture.


    Some scientists have claimed that the warp and weft threads are not perfectly perpendicular to each other in most of the fabrics. On the other hand, more than two systems of warp and weft threads can be found in fabrics and fabric products woven on modern weaving looms. Multi-ply fabrics are also included in this recipe.Woven fabrics are a flexible textile material that is low in thickness, has sufficient strength and has a certain width, but can be produced in the desired length and is formed by mutual connection of two different yarn systems perpendicular to each other depending on a certain order. (Except composite fabric materials).These two thread systems form texture by passing under and over each other at each tissue point. The tissue cell in the structure of woven fabrics constantly repeats itself. This is the smallest repeating unit. pattern report is called. The weaving of the report depends on the technological structure of the weaving machine. The repeating sample has a small area and the area of ​​this knitting pattern is from 0,01'mm2 to 1000000 It can vary up to mm2.

    Woven fabrics can be produced in many ways, they are classified according to their differences from each other. The classification of woven fabrics is done in various ways in various countries.


    Classification of woven fabrics

    1-According to its structure


    1-According to raw material content


    2-Type of dressing


    3-Purpose of use


    made according to


    According to the structure of woven fabrics 


    1-Normal woven


    2-Complex fabrics woven on special looms


    It is divided into two.


    In this distinction, these fabrics are also classified as subclasses and their subclasses.

    Woven fabrics according to raw material structure 

    1-Cotton fabrics


    2-Wool fabrics


    3-Linen fabrics


    4-Silk fabrics


    5-Artificial fiber fabrics.


    Fabrics according to the intended use

    It would be correct to divide the clothes into three as "Classic, Fantasy and active sports". All categories in clothing can actually be grouped under these three main headings. In our country, the classic dress recipe is generally the same, but there is some confusion in the fantasy and sportswear recipes. The word fantasy is the name given to all kinds of clothes that people will create according to their own freedom of design. Since sportswear is also a product of design freedom, it is possible to see every sportswear as a fantasy outfit. After the distinction between classical fantasy and active sports, it is necessary to collect the clothes under 8 main headings according to their different characteristics. These are; They can be collected in the form of clothes according to their types, functions, classes, seasons, occupations, gender, fabric types and sewing styles.

    By types:

    Jackets, Coats, Topcoats, Shirts, Coats, Underpants, Undershirts, Undershirts etc.

    According to their functions:

    Indoor/Outdoor top/Underwear, Homewear etc.

    According to their classes:

    Boutique, Apparel, Haute Couture (special design dress designed according to one's special taste. Example: Wedding Dress), Pret a Porter (Ready-to-Wear)

    According to the seasons:

    Summer, Winter, 4 Seasons, Spring etc.

    By professions:

    Various Uniforms (Officer, Guard, Police, Private, Private, Fire Brigade), Work clothes (Doctor, Operating Room, Nurse etc.)

    By gender:


    According to fabric types:

    Wool, cotton, silk, viscose, woven/knitted, nonwoven,linoleum vs.

    According to the planting styles:

    Lined / Unlined, quilted / plain, portable lined, buttoned / zippered, knitted, leather etc. 


    Posted by %PM, 05% 589% 2016 16%:%Sep in Weaving Read 2938 times

Classification of Woven Fabrics