Ehram is a woman's mantle that goes down from head to toe and is covered with the help of the hands (covering the face) so that the eyes are open. This veil, which was used by old women in the past, is not used today, and its manufacture has been abandoned. Ehram; It is an Arabic name and comes from harem. It is the veil that women cover, or the seamless braid that pilgrims have to cover in Mecca to circumambulate the Kaaba. Among the people of Erzurum, ihram is used as "ehram". Ehram was the street dress of old women in Erzurum and all women in villages. Today, except for some elderly people, the number of women who use the ehram as street wear is very limited.
Ehram; It is a veil that is unique to Erzincan, Erzurum and Bayburt regions and is knitted on hand looms from fine woolen yarn that women take on their clothes for the purpose of covering, and it has a local characteristic.
Rug, cicim and ehram/shawl weaving is done in Artvin region. Ehram weaving is common especially in Yusufeli district. The fabrics produced in Ehram looms can be produced as thin and elegant as bridal gowns. Ehram was weaving especially in Yusufeli District. Although it was woven a lot long ago, today women in the forty-fifty age group have one or two in their chests. in the region "honeysuckle" known as. Since it is generally used by women as a cover on special occasions, the beauty of the cover provides a status and prestige to the person covered, and this ensures a more careful workmanship.
The main ingredient of ehram is pure wool. Its feature keeps it warm in winter and cool in summer. It is made of natural colors. Without any additives, the process steps are done by hand with human power, an ehram is formed in about 20-25 days, its dimensions can be made up to 90-95 cm in width and 8-10 m in length.
Folk crafts initially appear to meet a need; then it becomes an economic product, brings income to the maker, provides benefits, then becomes an art and shows a development that will appeal to high tastes and aesthetics in parallel with the standard of living.
Woven from ehram wool and embroidered outer garment, it is a women's length coverlet that goes down from head to toe and is draped over the face with the help of hands, leaving the eyes open.
The twisting process (spinning) of the threads (wires) used in Ehram weaving was done without using any machine. As such, this job fell to the ladies. "Some housewives buy wool in order to spend their free time, to earn their pocket money, and thus to contribute to the family budget, wash this wool at home, dry it by laying it on the ropes, whisk it with a special wool stick, comb it with a wool comb, twist it with its wire, make yarn and take it away. he would sell it to the culfas.
Since the ehrams were bent by hand, their thickness and thickness varied according to the bent (spinning) person. The finer the twisting of Ehramlik threads, the more valuable it would be. According to this, the Julfas valued the ropes. Since the value of the ehram increases according to its twist and the well-twisted rope looks good in weaving, the person who weaves the ehram often twists the threads. Therefore, the person who twisted the rope paid attention to the twisting process. At that time, it was common to see women twisting the rope with the wire in their hands in front of the doors. The culfada yarn scale was made with eggs in accordance with the historical flow and tradition. 4 The weight of the egg is called "I tuğt". An ehram can be made from 6-7 tuğts.
This would be an estimated 1 kg. The yarn of the lady who took the yarn to Julfa was weighed with the egg, then the same weighing system was applied when the ehram was given to her.