Fiber Terms
  • Fiber Terms



    BCF (bulked continuous filament): Polypropylene is a blown continuous fiber.

    Coil head: It is the machine that enables the yarn to be wound in a certain form.

    Multifilament yarn: It is filament yarn composed of many filaments up to 30000 dtex (above 30000 dtex = tow).

    CIGIT: It is cotton seed.

    Ginning: It is the process of separating the raw cotton fiber from the core with the help of ginning machines and stripping the linter cotton from the core with the help of linter machines.

    Gin Yield: It is the ratio of fiber to core cotton.

    Des: It is the yarn or molten polyester that does not become finished during the production of polyester yarn, both during maintenance, malfunctions and repairs, and during yarn breaks.

    Level: It is the assembly consisting of various filters, sand and perforated plate through which the polyester melt (polymer) is passed to be shaped under pressure.

    Smoothness: Corrugation status with the ratio of nep, nap and foam fibers in the cotton.

    Fiber: It is the plural of the word fiber, and it is a collection of colored or colorless fibers that have tensile strength and tensile strength, can be bent (spun), have the ability to adhere to each other, and are very long in length relative to width.

    Flemish: They are the filaments that flow from each nozzle hole and form a thread.

    Flame: Synthetic fibers with very large lengths are called filaments (for example, 1-2-3 km).

    Flament yarn (Filament yarn): Synthetic fiber yarn consisting of one or more filaments is called filament yarn. It can also be described as endless threads.

    FOY (fully oriented yarn): It is fully oriented thread. It is obtained at winding speeds over 6500 m/min.

    Godet: It is usually a flanged pulley around which the filaments pass to adjust the speed and tension during the manufacture of man-made fibers.

    Volumetric density: It is the ratio of the mass of an object to the mass of the same volume of water.

    HOY (highly oriented yarn): It is a highly oriented yarn. 4000 – 6500 m/min. obtained from the winding speeds between

    Sea: They are the short remaining fibers (fibers between 1-4 mm).

    Man-made fiber (Man-made fiber): It is the general name of fibers and yarns such as flament yarn, staple yarn, monofilaments and the like.

    Capillary rupture: It is the error that occurs due to the breaking of a filament during the exit of the yarn from the spinner.

    Short cut fiber: They are synthetic fibers used in the production of non-wovens with fluff (feather) coating and wet processes.

    broken fiber: It is the fiber particle that breaks off during ginning.

    BLOOD COTTON: It is raw cotton.

    Mass Yield: It is the amount of unseed cotton taken from a single plant or unit area (usually per decare).

    FIBER: Specific It is a soft material with length, thinness and strength, suitable for wrapping, bending and twisting.

    Fiber Index: It is the weight of the fibers of 100 seeds in grams.

    Linear density: It is the weight of the unit length of the fiber.

    Linter: It is a mixture of short fibers and long fibers.

    LOY (low oriented yarn): It is a low oriented yarn. It is obtained at winding speeds up to 2000 m/min.

    Masterbatch: It is a mixture of dyestuff added to the polymer to be dyed in melt and auxiliary additives.

    MOY (medium oriented yarn): It is a moderately oriented yarn. It is obtained from winding speeds up to 2000 – 3000 m/min.

    Nap: It is a coarse-looking fiber collection that is larger than nep in cotton.

    Moisture Absorption Feature: It is the ability of textile fibers to absorb (absorb) liquids at a certain temperature and humidity.

    Fake: It is a knot of fiber in cotton that is the size of a pinhead or smaller and appears as white dots.

    Word: Immature very large pubescent seed.

    Absolute humidity: It is the ratio of the amount of water in the textile material to the dry material weight.

    corundum: It is the curling of cotton fibers during harvesting, transport and ginning.

    COTTON LINTER: They are the short hairs next to the long fibers on the cotton seeds.

    polyester chips: It is the raw material of polyester yarn, it is used in the form of particles. Its chemical name is “polyethylene terephthalate”.

    polyester melt: It is the raw material of polyester yarn. Its formations are terephthalic acid + ethylene glycol + titanium dioxide.

    Pump: The most important parameter for yarn production in the desired denier; production pump cycle. Therefore, the pump is an element that has an important place in filament production and whose cycles and models change according to production.

    POY (partially oriented yarn): Partially oriented yarn. Obtained at winding speeds between 3000 – 4000 m/min.

    Pressing: Fiber (mahlıç) cotton; linter cotton; It is the process of turning the cotton fiber wastes that occur during yarn making and ginning into bales in peseting machines.

    Regenerated fiber: Regenerated (artificial) fibers are the fibers formed by the application of some physical and chemical methods by obtaining polymers, which are the main fiber, as polymer compounds from natural sources.

    stringing: The entanglement of the fibers by curling in an "S" shape and the formation of a mixed state.

    Synthetic fiber: Synthetic fibers are the conversion of polymers, which are the basic material of the fiber, from some chemical substances into fiber by synthesis.

    Spin finish: It is an oil consisting of a special mixture of anti-static, bactericidal and anti-cohesion agents.

    STAPEL FIBER:They are fibers that vary in length according to their species and strains and are from 1 cm to 40 cm on average..

    Single filament (Monofilament): It is a single filament yarn with a thickness of more than 0,1mm (monofilament yarn up to 0,1mm).

    Single filament yarn (Monofilament yarn): It is filament yarn with a thickness of up to 0,1 mm and consisting of a single filament (above 0,1 mm = monofilament).

    Textile: It is a term related to the stages that the fiber goes through until it becomes a material with the properties desired by the consumer.

    Texturing: The process of gaining permanent crimping in order to make the straight and wrinkled artificial filament yarns look like natural fibers is called texturing.

    Seed Index: It is the weight of 100 seeds in grams.

    Tows: It is a collection of filaments over 30000 dtex composed of many filaments (under 30000 tex = multifilament).

    Blowing air:It is the air given to the yarn at 20± 2 C and at the adjusted speed to ensure that the yarn flowing from the nozzle is cooled and given a permanent shape.

    Production cabin: It is the cabinet equipped with blowing air and lubricating systems, where cooling and lubrication processes are carried out after the yarn comes out of the trough.



    Posted by %PM, 11% 921% 2016 23%:%Mar in Textile Terms

Fiber Terms