Apparel Terms
  • Apparel Terms



    MAIN MATERIALS: The basic material used in the preparation of a product

    APARTMENT: Sewn patch to clear sleeve slit

    APPLIQUE: Top attached to the garment

    EPAULETTE: The piece worn as an ornament on the shoulders of the clothes

    AGGRA: The device that connects the fastener, especially the two ends of the bras.

    BALENE: Plastic shaped bars, which are commonly used to keep the clothes in the desired image/form, are mostly used in the form of a half-moon at the bottom of the bonnets in the bra, or bars used to prevent bending in the side underarm seam of the bra, especially in strapless models.

    BASE MOLD: The main mold on which the model will be applied

    WE: penetrating tool used for marking

    BIE: Treatment with an additional material to clean and/or decorate different parts of the garment

    SHIR: The slack added by shrinking to the slack part used to form and/or model the garment.

    BRIT/HANGER/LILET: Thin strip on the appropriate part of the garment to hang the garment

    WE: Steel pointed and wooden handle tool used to pierce the place to pass such as needle, eyelet, rivet when sewing a solid thing.

    SHIR: The slack added by shrinking to the slack part used to form and/or model the garment.

    RULER: A drawing tool with a length suitable for use, with smooth edges, with cm spacing.

    TWEEZERS: Small tongs for threading multi-thread machines

    GASKET: Splitting the pattern to form the trouser back

    FLASH: Joining two pieces by sewing

    PAINTER: Topstitch sewn at a width of 0 - 2 mm

    FENCE: Marks and notches indicating seam joining

    LINE STONE: Soap for scratching fabric

    DOUBLE MACHINE: Machines equipped with two needles with a certain distance and their sewing mechanism, forming two parallel rows of straight stitches at the same time

    DBI. : plain yarn

    DIGITE TABLE: Electronic mechanism that enables transferring the lines and marks of hand-prepared molds to the computer.

    SEAM ALLOWANCE: Giving the necessary surpluses for planting in the mold

    DIGITE TABLE: Electronic mechanism that enables transferring the lines and marks of hand-prepared molds to the computer.

    WOVEN FABRICS: Textile surfaces formed by the intersection of two yarn groups called warp and weft perpendicular to each other.

    FLAT SIZE YARN: The line marked on the pattern showing the warp direction of the fabric.

    DRAGING: Appearance of fabric or pattern paper in garment position

    DRAPE: Giving the fabric a folded, draped form and appearance in certain areas

    ESHEL: A measuring tool used in miniature mold drawings with reduced dimensions in certain proportions of the meter.

    EXTRAFOR: Woven tape used to reduce fabric stretch

    FIRFIR / FARBELA-FABRA: Gathered piece added to different parts of the garment

    FLETO POCKET: Piece in the form of tape of different widths, which is inserted into the cut (slit) pocket edges

    GAZE: Topstitch sewn 0,5 cm or more wide

    GODE/FLYWHEEL: The piece that opens by expanding towards the narrow end

    MITER: Tool used for angle drawing and measurements

    ISPALA: Shoulder width in jacket and vest

    JAPANESE: A type of sleeve that comes out of the body, with a shoulder form, stitched from the neckline to the end of the sleeve in the middle of the sleeve, without an armhole where the arm is attached to the body

    TIME SHEET: A list showing the types and colors of products such as paint, fabric, carpet in small pieces,

    CLOSING SHARE: The distance between the pat edge and the middle of the garment

    CUP SIZE: The table created according to the difference in size between the chest circumference and the under-chest circumference used in bra size definitions

    QUILTED: Planar joining process of at least two textile materials by placing them on top of each other.

    CAVADORA: The place where the shoulder and arm meet at the seam, the armhole

    CROWBAR: cross stitch

    BELT: Cleaning and form piece sewn to the waist of the garment

    MATCH GRASS: topstitch sewn 0,3 cm wide

    KK : fabric layer

    COLLETE: The part of the garment where the arm is attached

    CONTACT: Bringing two fabrics together

    BUCKET (AGGRA): Skirts/pants etc. tool for joining the two sides of clothing and consisting of a metal ring and a hook

    BRIDGE: Belt place on trousers/skirts

    CORSAGE: In the upper body; from under the bust to the end of the waist, on the lower body; Shaped transverse cuts between the waistline and the low hips, in a body-hugging structure

    DOUBLE BREASTED: In closed garment models, the type of closure in which the closure margin is worked by giving more than the required amount

    CUBE: The piece formed by the longitudinal cuts made on the pattern to give the garment a body form and to give it a model feature.

    BIRDS EYE: Small metal ring that attaches to holes made/drilled in various parts of the garment

    MACHINE PARK: Machines arranged according to the sewing order of the model to be sewn

    CUFF: A flat or shaped piece of clothing, usually stiffened with a backing material, that is inserted into the armhole to gather the sleeve ends of the garment and to provide ease of use.

    BOBBIN: Metal reel on which thread is wound in order to give movement to the lower thread in industrial flat machines.

    SCISSORS: tool used for cutting

    MACROSCOPIC ANATOMY: The branch of science that examines the shape and structure of the human body and the relationships between these formations with the naked eye.

    MEASUREMENT: Foldable, bendable measuring tool made of soft material with meter or inch measuring system

    BREAK: Feed rate given to the mold

    MOSTRA / CLAMP: Body front inner part in collar forms and zippered front closures

    EXPRESSION PAPER: Thin paper used for preparing pattern drawing in 1/1 dimensions

    RIB: One or two millimeter battery

    LACE: 1- Rope tape interlining, which is usually attached to the armhole, 2- Material used for decoration purposes.

    OVERLOCK: The process carried out on a sewing machine used for overcasting, cleaning and joining, which has different types according to different fabric types and processes.

    PASTA: Ironing mechanism connected to the steam boiler that sticks the fabric to the table when the air extraction system works

    CASTLE PLAN: Layout plan prepared according to the fabric width and order assortment of the production molds, whose main mold is prepared and serialized in the desired sizes.

    PAT: Opening with closing margin given to different parts of the garment

    PATLET: Cover made to hide buttons or zipper

    PLIERS: The share taken from the mold to give the body form to the garment

    SILL: Sewn piece to clean curved parts of garment

    PELUR PAPER: Thin paper of various colors used for copy work

    BATTERY: The abundance given by folding in order to add form and model feature to the garment.

    PLEAT: The work of forming the fabric, which retains heat and is suitable for folding, by folding it in a certain order with the help of a machine.

    PISTOL: Drawing tool with different shapes used to draw curves properly in miniature mold drawing

    PLOTTER PAPER: Adhesive or non-adhesive drawing paper used in plotter machine

    PLOTTER MACHINE: Plotter with large size and generally using paper in roll form

    PONT: Blind stitch

    Bartack Stitch: Wrap stitching for embellishing the garment and securing the seam

    REGLAN: A type of sleeve with or without seams above the arm, where the sleeve set forms a slanting line and joins with the front and back neck grooves.

    REGULA: Re-cutting and correcting the parts cut according to the template with seamless-share patterns

    RIGA: Drawing tool with different curve shapes used to draw curved places properly when drawing molds in 1/1 dimensions.

    RIVET: The rivet that is generally used in the pocket parts of jeans

    ROBA: Dividing the pattern horizontally to form or model the shirt/dress top

    TEMPLATE: Ready-to-cut mold with seam allowances and all texts and markings

    SURFACE: Hand-made sparse and cross stitching so that the fabric does not throw threads from the edges

    TEXTILE SURFACES: Various surfaces produced from yarns, fibers or combinations of yarns and fibers used in apparel production

    CLOTH: By adding volume and resistance to the processed fabric and contributing to the shape to be given to the garment, it plays a supporting role in tasks such as sewing, washing and ironing, and is attached with different methods in order to obtain the expected appearance, quality and effect of the garment.

    TACKING: Temporary sewing process for joining on fabric

    BIAS: Cross cutting of fabric

    FLYWHEEL: The piece prepared by giving abundance with circular movements

    AUXILIARY APPARATUS: Parts that enable any vehicle to be used for various purposes

    AUXILIARY MATERIAL: Material used in the preparation of a product other than the basic material

    SLASH: The opening given to the desired part to provide freedom of movement in the garment or to apply a model.



    Posted by %PM, 05% 748% 2016 18%:%Mar in Textile Terms

Apparel Terms