Weaving, which can be seen more or less widely in almost every part of our country, shows a more prominent situation in some regions. They are named after the areas they touch. Şile Cloth, Ayancık Linen, Buldan Cloth, Kastamonu Cloth are examples of this. Manisa cloth weaving has also taken its place in history. The fact that Manisa was a textile center (in fabric weaving) in ancient times is an indication of this, that the sailcloths of the Ottoman Navy were woven in this region.
Sardis (Sardes), located within the provincial borders of Manisa, was the capital of the Lydian Kingdom and one of the weaving centers in Western Anatolia. The capital Sardis is one of the important textile centers. The gold glitter embroidered fabrics produced here are woven in the natural color of the yarn. linen It was among the well-known products of the first ages. In the 14th century, Denizli and Manisa-Alaşehir were among the first in fabric production in Western Anatolia. The fabrics produced here were red in color. There was also the production of fine cloth.
During the Ottoman Empire, cotton weaving was quite common and advanced in the Ottoman lands. Cotton weaving products were woven in order to meet the needs of the people as well as to generate economic income. Cotton weavings were known by different names according to their characteristics.
The cloth, called the bull, was used to make caftans, salwar suits, gowns, linings and cardigans. Manisa tawny, which was produced in longitudinal stripes with threads of various colors, was used in the production of women's caftans and bodysuits. The basic material of Manisa weaving is cotton thread. According to the information in the Manisa kadi registers, it is understood that cotton can be grown in almost every part of the Manisa Plain. For this reason, weavers (cullahs) had no difficulty in obtaining cotton thread. The women of Manisa used to clean the seeds of pure cotton and spin it on a spinning wheel or by hand.
The basic material of Manisa Cloth is cotton thread. Twisted cotton thread is used as weft thread. In warps, 8 or 10 strands of cotton thread, 8 or 10 strands of floss-silk thread are used. Manisa cloth weaving consists of 50% cotton and 50% flush thread. Cloth foot consists of knitting texture. When the woven cloth is washed, the part woven from the cotton thread pulls itself out, the part woven from the flush releases itself. Therefore, it is similar in appearance to crepe fabrics.