Q.598. What does profession mean, please explain?
C.598. A job with determined rules is called a profession, based on systematic knowledge and skills gained through a certain education, to produce useful goods, to provide services to people and to earn money in return.
Q.599.Which features should be investigated in choosing a profession?
- 1-Working conditions
- 2- Working environment
- 3-Required qualifications
- 4- Opportunity to find a job
- 5-Progress in the profession
- 6- Earnings
- 7-The future of the profession
- 8- Professional values
Q.600. What does morality mean, explain?
C.600. The word morality is derived from the Arabic word “hulk” which means “nature”, “character”. Morality is the set of rules regarding the behaviors that should or should not be done according to the value judgments formed about goodness and evil in society. These rules are of a spiritual nature and aim to be consistent within oneself. Ethics is also defined as "the ethics that regulates the behavior of individuals in accordance with morals". Written rules that ensure social order are called law. Morality, on the other hand, is the unwritten rules that are intertwined with the culture of the society and impose a conscientious responsibility on the person.
Q.601.How many moral rules are divided and what are they?
- 1-Personal moral rules
- 2-Social ethics
P.602. Explain personal (subjective) moral rules?
C.602. It is the moral rules that the person adopts individually but indirectly affects the social order. Like not lying, not having bad thoughts on others.
P.603. Explain the rules of social (objective) morality?
C.603. It is a set of moral rules applied at the social level and regulating social life. Rules such as being respectful to others, not gossiping, being honest are social moral rules.
P.604. What are the basic concepts of moral philosophy, please explain?
- Individual: A socialized person is a person who lives in society.
- Good: Morally valuable behaviors.
- Bad: Behaviors that a person should not do morally.
- Freedom: The power to choose good or bad behavior by will.
- Virtue: Do not turn to the good, virtue.
- Conscience: Consciousness of judging whether our attitudes and behaviors are morally valuable, internal reasoning.
- Moral law: Moral general rules to be followed.
- moral judgment: To abide by the rules of morality with free will. Moral action: Performing morally appropriate behavior.
P.605. Explain what professional ethics means?
C.605. The concept of professional ethics, which can be considered as a sub-title of the concept of business ethics, expresses the moral principles that those who are committed to a profession must comply with. In this respect, professional ethics generally reveals the general principles and standards of that profession and is a guide for those who do the profession in question all over the world. Professional ethics with this aspect; It envisages the execution of a profession by people who have merit in that profession and in accordance with the requirements, importance and honor of the profession.
P.606. Explain why Professional Ethics is important?
C.606. Professional ethics are the principles that order the moral principles of a certain professional group to the members of the profession, force them to behave with certain rules, limit their personal tendencies, exclude incompetent and unprincipled members from the profession, regulate professional competition and aim to protect the ideals of service.
P.607. Explain what is ACCURACY, which is one of the professional ethics principles?
C.607. Truth; It is a concept that points to truthfulness and reliability. Moral behavior requires honesty and sincerity in dealing with others. Those who do not behave sincerely and honestly prepare their own ends in relationships and the atmosphere of trust disappears. The most damaging form of behavior is lying, often stemming from fear and insecurity. People have to stay away from lies and provide complete trust to their superiors and subordinates. Implementing correct behavior in business life, being honest, fair, equal and impartial, and not lying are the basic principles of professional ethics. Relationships established by colleagues and contacts outside the institution should be sincere and fair, and an environment of trust based on trust should be provided in all activities.
Q.608. What is LEGALITY, one of the principles of professional ethics, please explain?
C.608. Adhering to the laws in the production of all kinds of goods produced in business life and in solving problems related to employees is also one of the principles of professional ethics. There are laws regulating the field of production and working life in business life. In fact, it can be said that not only the states but also a number of international organizations are effective in this regard. The International Labor Organization and the International Standards Organization (ISO), which regulates production standards, are such institutions. Managers must take a firm stand on non-fulfillment of orders that constitute a legal offense.
P.609. Explain what is COMPETENCY, one of the principles of professional ethics?
C.609. There are new developments in business life every day. Following these developments, renewing oneself and adapting it to business life has an important place among professional ethics principles. The professional dimension of the profession gives the person identities such as "expert", "authoritative" or "adequate person" in the society to do that job. Obtaining a diploma or any other document in order to do a job actually gives that person the right and authority to do that job. For this reason, professional staff must have a good education. Competence is also the behavior of taking responsibility and using priority (superiority).
P.610. What is RELIABILITY, one of the principles of professional ethics, please explain?
C.610. Reliability is the trust of others as a result of a long process. It refers to a value and reputation in favor of the person, which is gained as a result of the person being well known by other people. To be reliable; Just as it is important and valuable for a person, it is equally important and valuable for working life. One of the requirements of being a reliable person, even the most important, is to keep the promise. Trust is the basis of human relations. This is the common feature of many principled, principled, successful people and organizations that have reached today. Therefore; It has been the principle of traders throughout history to take care to win customers who will not leave them alone tomorrow before daily earnings and to avoid behaviors that would shake their trust.
P.611. What is PROFESSIONAL COMMITMENT, one of the principles of professional ethics, please explain?
C.611. One of the principles of professional ethics is that a person cares about his job and tries to do it in the best way, which is called professional commitment. A person's continuous self-development and benefiting from educational opportunities in business life shows the importance he attaches to his work. Contributing to the professional development of colleagues by not only seeing their own development as sufficient is also included in the professional ethics. Professional commitment makes one love his job and work in a peaceful environment, which increases productivity.
P.612. What can be the consequences of behaving in accordance with professional values in business life?
- 1- Gaining prestige in the business environment
- 2-Reliability in the business environment
- 3-Having a good image in the business world
- 4- Seeing convenience in solving problems that will be encountered in professional life
- 5-Assisting the management of areas such as quality management and strategic planning with moral values.
- 6-Ensuring that institutions fulfill their social responsibilities regularly with moral values
- 7-Ensuring the prevention of unfair competition with moral values
- 8-Acceptance in the business environment and etc.