Rust printing can be applied in many different ways in line with the creativity of the person who applies it to the textile surfaces and allows the use of different products together. The fact that it gives results that are not the same in every application ensures that the works and works are original.
In recent years, with the realization that rust stains can be turned into an artistic technique, the use of rust in the design world has started. With the emergence of the damage caused by chemical dyes to the environment and human health, the search for natural materials has increased and original designs have been started to be made with new materials and techniques.
Among these methods, ecological printing is the process of creating patterns on the surface using natural materials such as plants and rusty metals. While the use of rust printing, which is one of the ecological printing methods, has been increasing rapidly in the world in recent years, it has recently become widespread in our country.
The use of rust for art is a method developed as a result of observations made by people in their environment.
In daily life, everyone has encountered rust stains that rusty materials leave when they come into contact with the floor (stone, marble, ceramic) or textiles when they are removed from their places, both indoors and outdoors.
The works done by the artists and the unearthed works have made the unwanted rust stain, which is perceived as dirty among the public, a technique that can be used in art and is appreciated. Thus, they ensured that a material perceived as dirty by the consumer becomes preferable and affordable.
This stubborn stain, which people have tried to get rid of throughout history, has started to be used by designers to decorate objects today. The best part of this technique is that it is made entirely from nature. Although the methods used in the design of textile products change according to the developments in technology, the cultural, economic, social infrastructure and demands of the consumers also affect the product and the designer. The increase in people's interest in natural materials and techniques and their interest in original products have also led to the widespread use of ecological printing methods.
The process of patterning the textile surface using natural materials such as flowers, leaves and rusty metals, which has spread rapidly in the world in recent years, has started. "ecological pressure" It is called (Eco printing). "Rust printing", which is one of the ecological printing types is the use of rust stain in textile surface design. Although rust is perceived as dirty and dirty by people, it is a creative idea to use it in the patterning of textile surfaces. The fact that the rust stain is a stubborn and difficult to remove stain ensures the permanence of the print on the textile surfaces.
When iron, one of the main materials of rust printing, is kept in a humid environment for a long time, a layer of brown dust is formed on it. This layer formed by metals in humid air is called rust.
Rusty irons are used as mordant in ecological printing as well as in natural dyeing.. For this purpose, rusty iron pieces can be used directly, as well as in powder or solution form. In addition to being used as a mordant, rust also contributes to creating patterns on the textile surface through its trace on the fabric. The dyeing process of the fabrics on which the plant parts are placed, by rolling them around the rusty irons and boiling them, causes the color obtained from the leaves to turn out darker and different effects occur on the fabric where the pipe comes into contact with it. It is desirable that the iron rusts and loses its brightness and turns into an orangeish earth color. He thinks that iron rusts in order to fulfill its most important function in the universe and its best duty to man. In other words, everything in nature has different features and appearance than the original, and it provides usability in different areas.
One of the areas where ecological printing technique is used the most "wearable art area has been. The way wearable art is produced is not based on contract manufacturing of garments as it is in the commercial fashion industry. The artists of this movement started out with the idea of producing clothes only for themselves and their friends, not as a requirement of a designed process.
Alice Fox, India Flint, Irit Dulman, Terria Kwong, Hussein Chalayan, Regina Benson, Merina Lanari, Cecilia Heffer and Rio Wrenn are some of the designers using the ecological printing technique.
One of the ecological printing methods "rust print" Although the technique has a short history, its use by many designers in the field of textile and fashion design is increasing rapidly.
In addition to the designs in which the trace of rust is used directly on textile surfaces, there are also designs made based on rust and applied with different techniques as a source of inspiration.
rust print It can be applied to all textile surfaces such as cotton, silk, wool and synthetic fabrics and felt.
For printing purposes;
Rusty or rustable materials
hair in sheet
etc. Any metal can be used. In order to accelerate rusting, it is necessary to moisten the environment with diluted vinegar. In order for the rust trace to pass onto the fabric, the contact of the rusty materials with the surface must be complete. Rusty materials are placed on the fabric surface as desired, moistened with vinegar diluted with 50% water, and then weight is placed on them to ensure full contact of the metals with the surface. It is necessary to wait until the color tone of the traces reaches the desired level. In at least 4-5 days, the traces begin to pass onto the fabric, and for darker tones, a longer period of time is expected.
Rust printing, which is a type of ecological printing, is also used in other sectors.
Some of those;
Rusty steel is used in interior architecture as well as exterior surfaces of buildings, panels, doors, walls, shower cabins, railings, screens, furniture and lighting elements.
Construction of outdoor monuments, sculptures
On ceramic, wood, paper and glass surfaces
Corten steel (contrary to what is thought for rusty metals, this material is a building material with high resistance to weather conditions and does not require maintenance)
Posted by %PM, 12%431%2020 12%:%Aug in Printing Read 2022 times