Textile Technology Questions
  • Textile Technology Questions



    1-“The length of each fiber is a few centimeters.” Which type of fiber does the sentence describe?


    a) Wool fiber b) Staple fiber c) Artificial fiber d) Filament e) Chemical Fiber


    2- Which unit defines fiber fineness?


    a) meters b) centimeters c) microns d) inches e) millimeters


    3- Which of the following figures are the cross-sections of matte fibers similar to?


    a) Circular b) Oval c) Triangle d) Bean e) The cross section is not a factor in matting.


    4-What is the term used to describe fibers that can stretch a lot when extended and take their old dimensions when released?


    a) Filament b) Staple fiber c) Chemical fiber d) Elastomer fiber e) Natural fiber


    5- Which feature of cotton is directly related to QUALITY in cotton fibers?


    a) Diameter b) Curl c) Moisture absorption d) Color e) Length


    6-Which chemical substance is the most damaged cotton? 


    a) Dilute acid b) Concentrated acid c) Dilute base d) Concentrated base e) Not affected by any of them.


    7-Which idiom defines the death of the cotton cell before it can fully develop?


    a) Lumen b) Primary membrane c) Secondary part d) Unseed cotton e) Dead cotton


    8-What is the name of the process done to soften the woody parts during the production of flax fiber?


    a) Washing b) Crushing c) Spinning d) Wetting e) Hallaç


    9-What kind of change does the late harvest of the jute plant show in fiber?


    a) Fiber becomes unstable. b) The cuticle layer does not develop. c) It hardens and loses its shine. d) Fiber lengthens. e) There will be no change.


    10-Which of the following is not a characteristic of coco fibers?


    a) It is very resistant to water. b) Its color varies between dark brown and light brown. c) It is used in making straw, sacks and brushes. d) It is not flexible enough. e) It is obtained from the fruit of the coconut.


    11- Which letter indicates the wool quality?


    a) yb) kc) sd) me) mm


    12- How to define the fineness of wool fibers with the help of hands and eyes?


    a) Subjective method b) Objective method c) Measurement with a microscope d) Measurement with a lanameter e) Measurement with micronaire


    13- With which tool is the crimpedness of wool fibers determined?


    a) Microscope b) Lanameter c) Microprojection d) Micronaire e) Crimpmeter


    14- How is the length of the wool fiber measured when pulled from both ends is defined?


    a) Tube length b) Length c) Actual length d) Corrugation e) Subjective length


    15- Which chemical substance is most damaged by wool?


    a) Dilute acid b) Concentrated acid c) Dilute base d) Concentrated base e) Not affected by any of them.


    16- Which of the following is related to the fineness of mohair fibers?


    a) The size of the animal b) The weight of the animal c) The place where the animal lives d) The age of the animal e) Whether the animal is male or female

    17- How to identify silkworm cocoons that do not develop well or die in them?


    a) Chip cocoon b) Double cocoon c) Hole cocoon d) Whip head e) Pan bottom


    18- What is the name of 100% silk threads obtained from Deşe silk thread production?


    a) Silk thread b) Dupion silk c) Streichgarn thread d) Burette e) Asbestos


    19- Which is the most negative feature of asbestos fibers?


    a) It is flammable b) It is easy to paint c) Its surface is rough d) Its color is dark in its natural state e) It is carcinogenic


    20- In wool fibers, which physical property defines the fiber bundle to take its former shape and volume after being compressed and released?


    a) Springing ability b) Elongation and flexibility c) Felting ability d) Formability e) Curling


    21-Which of the following properties is one of the physical properties sought in a textile product?


    a. Color and brightness b. moisture retention c. strength d. Light fastness e. tendency to contamination


    22Which of the following natural plant fibers is a fiber obtained from plant leaves?


    a. cotton b. linen c. jute d. Kapok e. Sisal


    23Which of the following elements that make up a cotton fiber are located in the primary wall?


    a. pectin layer b. Single fibril c. Fibril tuft d. fibrillar edge e. Lumen


    24-Which of the following animal fibers is the thickest?


    a. Alpaca b. Merino wool c. camel hair d. Angora e. Mohair


    25-When the chemical compositions of wool and silk fibers are compared; Which atom is present in wool but very few (almost negligible) in silk?


    a. carbon b. hydrogen c. oxygen d. sulfur e. Nitrogen


    26- According to the following different yarn systems, the most smooth surface (lint-free) of the cotton yarns produced from the same cotton fiber and the same number is produced according to which method?


    a. ring b. compact c. Open-end rotor d. Open-end friction e. air jet


    27-Which of the following chemical fibers is classified as inorganic fiber?


    a. acetate b. carbon c. polypropylene d. Cupro e. Polyamide


    28- In the production of regenerated cellulose fibers, in which of the following fibers is the dissolution of the cellulose material done with an organic solvent?


    a. Kupro b. Polynosic c. Lyocell d. modal e. viscose


    29-Which of the following units is not included in a false-twist yarn texturing plant?


    a. contact heater b. disk unit c. Cooling plate d. Pipe heater e. Centering unit


    30- Considering a ring spinning plant, which of the following machines is not a pre-spinning (pre-spinning) machine?


    a. Comber b. Second draw frame c. comb d. Roving machine e. Draw frame


    31- With which machine is the duty of the carding machine in the carded cotton spinning machine performed in worsted wool spinning?


    a. Regeli cer b. Mixture cer c. Banded draw d. Krempel e. scanning machine


    32- In which of the following yarn count systems, the yarn gets thinner as the number value increases?


    a. Denier and Tex b. Tex and Nm c. Denier and Nm d. Tex and Ne e. Nm and What


    33-What is the Tex number of a yarn with a number of Nm 50?


    a. 20 Tex b. 50 Texc. 90 Tex d. 180 Tex e. 5.5 Tex


    34-Which of the following properties is not one of the dimensions that define the properties of a yarn?


    a. thinness b. strength c. Wear resistance d. Twist e. Elongation (elasticity)


    35-Which of the following processes is not one of the weaving preparation processes?


    a. Sizing b. Thread folding c. Coiling d. Warp preparation e. Warp release


    36-Which of the following methods is not used for sizing warp threads?


    a. Dry Sizing b. Solid waxing c. Warp waxing d. Hot melt Sizing e. Solvent sizing


    37- Which of the following weaving machines has the highest production speed according to the weft insertion systems?


    a. Shuttle b. Shuttle c. With flexible hook d. With rigid (rigid) hook e. water jet


    38- Which part/mechanism below detects warp yarn breaks during working on a loom?


    a. Warp bridge b. power wires c. Warp release system d. Lamel e. Comb


    39-Which of the following is the shed opening system/systems in which punched cards are used to control the type and timing of each frame movement in weaving machines?


    a. Eccentric b. Dobby c. Jacquard d. Dobby and Jacquard e. Eccentric and Dobby


    40-What is required for jumping and hanging in knitting?


    41- Please specify the names of the needles used in knitting.


    42- In which machines are RL single jersey knitted fabrics used in T-shirt production produced?


    a. Circular knitting machines b. Flat knitting machines c. Warp knitting machines d. Raschel knitting machines e. Hakelgalon machines


    43 Which of the following is the most distinctive feature that distinguishes knitted fabrics from woven fabrics?


    a. Strength b. Weight c. Hairiness d. Elasticity e. Wear resistance


    44 Which of the web forming methods used in the production of nonwoven surfaces is/are wet (wet) methods?


    a. Mechanical method b. aerodynamics c. Forming web from melt d. Hydrodynamics e. aerodynamics and hydrodynamics


    45 Which of the following methods is not one of the cheesecloth consolidation (bonding) methods used in the production of nonwoven surfaces?


    a. air jet b. Needling c. sewing d. Chemical bonding e. thermal coupling


    46 Which is the special finishing process applied to create curls on the surface of nonwoven fabrics??


    a. Calendering b. Coating c. Surface texture d. Channeling e. Calibration


    47 In which of the following usage areas, nonwoven surfaces do not have an important use?


    a. Adhesive interlinings b. Filters c. Diapers d. Cleaning cloth e. Garment fabrics


    48 Which of the following is not an effective parameter in obtaining textile finishing effects?


    a. Dressing machine. Finishing chemicals c. The chemicals are ecological d. Type of textile material (fiber) e. Application medium (water, air, etc.)


    49 Which of the following is the dry pretreatment process(s) used to remove the free fiber ends (hairs) protruding from the fabric surface?


    a. brushing b. Don't burn c. Raising d. Raising and brushing e. Tattoo


    50 Which of the following is the most commonly used bleaching agent for bleaching cotton products today?


    a. Sodiumhypochlorite b. sodium chloride c. hydrogen peroxide d. Hydrosulfite e. Sulfur dioxide


    51 As a result of the mercerization process applied to cotton fabrics, which of the following properties does not result in a significant improvement?


    a. Hydrophility b. brightness c. Dimensional stability d. Fabric strength e. Ability to take paint


    52 Which of the following effects is achieved by the carbonization process applied to woolen fabrics?


    a. Brightening b. Gaining dimensional stability (fixing) c. Providing non-sealing d. Felting e. Removal of vegetable residues


    53 Which of the following is not an important process parameter of a dyeing process?


    a. Amount of dyed material b. Duration (time) c. pH d. temperature e. The composition of the bath (recipe)


    54-Which of the following is the dryer in which the fabric width can be adjusted as desired during the drying process?


    a. Ramozler b. Infra-red boxes c. Suction drum dryers d. Roller dryers e. Tumbler dryers


    55 Which of the following dyestuffs is used for dyeing acrylic fibers?


    a. acid b. Chromium c. reagent d. metal complex e. cationic


    56 Which of the following is the most common (important) printing machine used in the production of printed fabrics today?


    a. Roll printing b. Film printing with flat template c. Rotation printing d. Transfer printing e. Ink Jet printing


    57 With which process is it possible to prevent the felting feature by partially or completely removing the scale layer on the surface of the wool fibers?


    a. carbonization b. Krabbing c. do not burn d. washing e. Chlorination


    58 Which printing method is based on the principle of obtaining white and colored patterns on pre-dyed fabrics?


    a. Direct printing b. Discharge printing c. Reserved edition d. Transfer printing e. relief printing


    59 Which feature of silk products does not improve with the removal of serie in silk fibers?


    a. softness b. brightness c. Tightness d. Ability to absorb moisture e. Paintability


    60- Which of the following finishing properties is gained with the help of artificial resins applied to cotton fabrics?


    a. waterproof b. Flammability c. Oil repellency d. Non-crease e. Softness


    61 Which of the following dyestuffs is not used in dyeing cellulosic products?


    a. pole b. disperse c. reagent d. Earring. Sulfur (sulfur)


    62 In which of the following fabric dyeing machines, the fabric is dyed as a rope?


    a. Haspel b. Jiger c. HT-Levent d. semi-continuous e. continuous


    63- Which of the following finishing (finishing) methods is not in the class of mechanical finishing processes?


    a. Calendering b. Raising c. shearing d. sanding e. aggravation


    64 Which of the following methods is not a technique used in cutting fabrics in apparel?


    a. Pressed cutting b. Blade cutting c. Air jet cutting d. laser cutting e. Plasma cutting


    65 Which of the following sewing loops falls under the special sewing loop class?


    a. Cover stitch b. Single thread straight stitch c. Double straight stitch d. Triple straight stitch e. triple chain stitch


    66 Which of the following are functional parts of a straight sewing machine that make up the stitch loop?


    a. needle bar b. hook c. crank rod d. handwheel e. Strap


    67 In how many steps (phases) does loop formation occur in double chain stitch?


    a. 1 b. 2 c. 3d. 4 e. 6


    68-Protective technical textiles are included in which of the 12 basic textile fields?


    a. Mometech b. Geotech c. Medtech d. Protech e. Clothtech


    Q.69. What does threshing mean in spinning?


    C.69. The process of mixing homogeneously by bringing together different types and characteristics of raw material (fiber) is called blending.


    Q.70. What are the purposes of the blending process?


    C.70. Purposes of the blending process 


          1-Mixing different types and qualities of fibers

          2-Mixing different types of raw materials

          3-Opening large fiber masses in thin tufts

          4-To clean the foreign materials in the fiber


    Q.71. What are the benefits of the blending process?


    C.72. Benefits of the blending process:

          1- It helps the product to provide the required and expected features. Example: Mixture of artificial and natural fibers for ease of maintenance

          2-It balances the variation of the properties of the raw material.

          3- It helps to reduce the cost of raw material.

          4-It provides an advantage in improving the efficiency throughout the production process. For example; Long staple fibers added to the blend during the processing of short staple material act as carriers and increase efficiency and quality.


    Q.73.What are the checking and screw tightening tools?


    C.73.Phase control pen, Flat screwdriver, Phillips screwdriver, two-bladed screwdriver.


    Q.74.What are simple cutting and shaping tools?


    C.74.Pliers, Side cutter, Nose, Utility knife, Flat-tipped chisel, Tweezers, Metal hammer, File, Hacksaw, Wood saw, Scissors, Cable stripping pliers.


    Q.75.What are the cutting and piercing tools?


    C.3. Impact braze,Charged hand brace,charged screwdriver


    Q.75.What are the measuring instruments?


    C.75.Tape meter, Foldable meter, Caliper.


    Q.76.What are the keys in hand tools?


    C.76.Combined wrench set,Toad wrench,Hex key,Socket wrench,Star wrench set,Adjustable pliers,Tool bag


    Q.77. What are the Duties of Carding Machines?


    C.77. Duties of Carding Machines:

               1- Opening the fiber until it becomes a single fiber

               2-Separating foreign matter and fine dust

               3- Separating short fibers, especially neps-nopes (knots)

               4- To parallelize the fibers and give them a longitudinal direction.

               5-Increasing the blending by ensuring the blending of the fiber

               6- Bringing the fibers into band form and stacking them in buckets

               7-To obtain a tape with equal thickness and smoothness at every point at the exit of the machine and stack it in buckets.


    P.78. The wool carding machines used in the wool spinning system are divided by fiber length, what are they?


    C.78. It is divided into two: 1-Worsted or semi-worsted carding machine


                                  2-Strayhgarn carding machine.


    P.79. What are the parts of the carding machine?



    C.79. Parts of the carding machine

              1-Feed part

              2-Pre-opening (avantren device) and hook and loop removal (Morel device)

             3-Main comb part (large drum clothing opener)

             4-Output part (tape acquisition)


    Q.80- What is the purpose of making Traction Band?


    C.80. The slivers from the card come to the draw frame. The thickness (diameter) of the bands is not the same everywhere. There are thin and thick places that follow each other along the band. In the draw frame, removing the unevenness of the belt is only possible by combining (dubbing) 6-8 belts together. Thus, it is seen that the unevenness is largely eliminated by replacing the thick places of some bands and the thin places of others. Bands thickened by dubbing are thinned by applying traction (6-8). Normally the mechanical drafting rate is kept close to the number of draw frames fed, as there is a limitation to the fineness that a sliver can be drawn.


    Q.81- What are the Duties of Draw Frame Machines?


    C.81.a- Thinning the bands taken from the comb by paralleling and pulling

           b- Ensuring the homogeneity and smoothness of the mixture by dubbing

           c-To ensure that the hooks at the fiber ends are opened in order to make the combing process healthier.

           obtaining d-Band. 


    Q.82- What is the other name of Roving in cotton spinning?


    C.83. Roving in cotton spinning is also called flayer.


    Q.84-What is the Flayer Machine?


    C.84. Since it is not possible to feed the yarn machine as a band from the draw frame (except for the OE spinning system), the bands need to be thinned a little more. The machines that bring the bands into a form that can be processed on the spinning machine are called flayer machines.


    Q.85-Which machine is the Roving Ribbon obtained from?


    C.85. Since it is not possible to feed the yarn machine as a band from the draw frame (except for the OE spinning system), the bands need to be thinned a little more. The product obtained from the flayer machine, which brings the bands to a form that can be processed in the spinning machine, is called roving strip.


    Q.86- What are the functions of the Flayer Machine?


    C.86. a) Thinning the drawstring band and turning it into a roving with the drawing process

              b ) Reinforcing the roving with twisting

              c) Wrapping the roving in bobbins and bringing it into a form suitable for spinning on the ring spinning machine


    S.87-Flayer machine winding part;


             a) What is the function of the car?

             b ) What is the function of spindles?

             c) What is the function of the butterfly?

             d ) What is the function of the Pressure Finger ( Claw ) ?


    C.87. a) It is the part that carries the spindles and the butterfly on it. It moves up and down. In order to make a complete coil winding and to ensure the conicality in the coil, the stroke movement of the car decreases a little at each revolution. Along with the course length, the car speed should decrease in the same proportion. These operations are provided by the switch (lock) device.


              b ) Working with the butterfly, it wraps the wicks on the wick pen.

              c) It is the element that gives the wick to the wick pen properly.

              d ) Winding is done properly with the guide part at the appropriate tension.




    C.88. Ring spinning machine is also called ring spinning machine. In the yarn production line It is the machine from which the yarn is obtained.




    C.89. Use of spinnable textile fibers (vegetable fibres, animal fibres, chemical fibres) instead, it is obtained on the spinning machine with suitable properties.





    C.90. Thinning the wick strip by pulling it up to the desired number,

            To give strength by twisting the drawn fiber cluster,

            To obtain cops by winding the yarn on the bobbin with the help of the winding device.




    C.91. The spinning machine consists of three parts.


           shooting part

           Twist part




    C.92.In ring spinning method It is a spinning method that is needed as an alternative due to the limited production speed.





    C.93. On open-end spinning machine, from 12 tex to 150 tex (Nm 85, Ne 4 to Ne 50) yarn is obtained.



    Q.94- What is the basic principle in Open-End spinning system?



    C.94.The basic principle in open-end spinning machines is to separate the fiber group as a single fiber. then it is to collect it again in a regular way and bring it to the form of yarn.


    Posted by %PM, 26% 478% 2017 13%:%Mar in Lesson Questions Read 2740 times

Textile Technology Questions