• Textile Terms B

    baby doll

    It is named after the movie of the same name. It is evident with its childlike, innocent silhouette and the intense gathers created between the oval neck opening and knee-length in the dress. The sleeves are short and often fluffy. This style was popular in the 1950s, often in ladies' nightgowns.

    spring dress

    It is a variety of garments for women and men, usually in light weight, keeping cool and light colored, made of glued pile textile fabrics. These garments can be half or fully lined and are designed to be worn in the spring.

    sailor blouse

    Wide, rectangular or square blouse with a turn-down collar that goes from shoulder to back. The front part of the collar is tied tightly and joined to the sailors' neck tie.

    sailor collar

    Wide, rectangular or square turn-down collar from shoulder to back, often decorated with bands/ribbons. The front part of the collar is tied together like a shawl. It is used as a fashion item in women's and children's clothing.

    honeycomb weaving

    It is created from a twill weave, typically a diagonal row or stitched twill; may also consist of optional composition. It creates a raised surface on the fabric, usually small square, with raised contours and deepened centers. It is used in cotton fabrics (such as hand towels) and wool fabrics.

    honeycomb fabric

    Geometrically shaped, soft cotton fabric with good absorbency, deepened surface, fluffy surface created from a fluffy, loose honeycomb weave. It is used in hand and bath towels and some women's fashion garments. Its name comes from the honeycomb weaving used in its production.

    Baleen; inner wire

    Plastic material or steel spring used to support collars, corsets and bras.

    balloon skirt

    It is a youth-style skirt, which is fashionable in certain periods, by gathering the ends of the skirt that expands after the waist or hips, giving it a balloon-like silhouette.

    Fish thread; flamed yarn; nope yarn

    Decorative effect fancy yarn with volume created in oval (flame, knot) shape with effect yarns along the yarn.

    herringbone pattern

    It is a pattern with broken ribs created in a broken twill weave of different widths. It is often emphasized by the use of contrasting threads in weft and knitting. This pattern is one of the most commonly used in woolen and cotton fabrics.

    Bandura mechanical texturing

    It is a special mechanical process applied to woven and knitted fabrics obtained from synthetic fibers to have an opaque, flexible and plastic beautiful surface. The fabric is crushed and shaped by means of conical heating rollers, water and scraper plates.


    Narrow textile fabric with a width of up to 10mm; It is made of various materials and used for technical purposes.

    Tape; strip; ribbon

    It is a narrow textile fabric that can be produced from many different materials; It is produced with fixed edges in a wide variety of weavings with the weft and warp yarn system. It is used as borders, edge cleaning, clothing decorations and for technical purposes.


    Thick tape woven from coarse yarns for technical purposes, in a single, tubular or multi-layered form.

    coil car

    The tool used to transport the coils


    Conical or cylindrical form of thread wound on an empty bobbin.


    A certain amount of thread wound on bobbins

    Finishing Process

    Chemical and mechanical processes to improve the appearance, handling and handling properties of textile products, excluding bleaching and coloring.

    Dimensional Change

    Variations in width and length of textile material against heat, movement, tension, fluid


    Plastic shaped bars, which are commonly used to keep the clothes in the desired image/form, are mostly used in the form of a half-moon at the bottom of the bonnets in the bra, or bars used to prevent bending in the side underarm seam of the bra, especially in strapless models.

    base mold

    The main mold on which the model will be applied


    penetrating tool used for marking


    Treatment with an additional material to clean and/or decorate different parts of the garment


    The slack added by shrinking to the slack part used to form and/or model the garment.


    Thin strip on the appropriate part of the garment to hang the garment


    The slack added by shrinking to the slack part used to form and/or model the garment.


    An undesirable appearance by forming lumps of fiber on the fabric surface

    Dimensional stability (Dimension change)

    Expression of the change in width and length of the fabric as a percentage under mechanical and/or thermal effects and/or wet treatments

    Painting System

    Width dyeing of fabric used in apparel

    dye solution

    A mixture with a certain pH value for dyeing, consisting of dyestuff, chemicals and water.

    Painting boiler

    The place where the product, dyestuff and chemicals are placed in the dyeing machine

    dyeing recipe

    Short written information stating the names and quantities of the substances in the dyebath, the dyeing method and conditions

    BCF( Bulked continuous filament )

    Polypropylene is a blown continuous fiber. ( Bulked continuous filament )

    winding head

    It is the machine that enables the yarn to be wound in a certain form.

    Baracan (cloth);

    It is a heavyweight woolen fabric produced from camel hair, woven with a satin weave type, with a smooth and shiny surface. It is used in men's and women's coats, coats and jackets.

    Bark(bark, bark)

    Medium weight silk or wool fabric with a characteristic wrinkled, embossed surface created by weaving or embossing. It resembles tree bark. It is used by ladies to wear on special occasions.

    Baroque Fashion Style

    Dark colored silk, brocade and lace fabrics are used; style of clothing of the Baroque period (mid-17th century to the end of the 18th century), distinguished by its appropriate abundance, detailed ornamentation. It is more of a women's clothing style, with a jupon showing through the slit front parts of her long skirt. The garment was gathered at the hip and lifted using iron hoops. In the early times, a corset underwire (made of whalebone) was placed on the body and used by tying it. The front of the square-cut body was adorned with lace.

    Layered cut hairstyles, including wigs, were arranged with wire constructions.

    Short jackets were common in men's clothing. In the late 17th century, the shirt sleeve decorated with the folded sleeves of the jackets decorated with ribbons and embroidery, and the waistcoat reaching the knee from the open-front jacket were visible. The collar of the shirt, which had wide lace cuffs on the sleeves, was closed with a chain. Knee-length trousers were usually worn with white silk stockings (the wig was an integral part of this outfit). This style of clothing formed the basis of today's men's suits consisting of trousers, vests and jackets..

    Basque Beret


    The soft, small, head-covering Basque beret is especially popular among the Basque people and in the Pyrenees region, from which it is named. It was introduced to the fashion world through French parlor entertainments in the late 20th century.


    It is a term meaning textile dyeing and it is the transfer of the colors of one or more colored patterns onto a textile fabric. Depending on the type of printing, we classify textile printing as block or hand, screen printing, machine and transfer printing. Depending on the technology used, relief printing (made by hand, using moulds), machine (with engraving cylinders) and serigraphy (straight or rotating). Innovative printing processes also include transfer printing, inkjet printing, and printing.

    Print button; knock button

    They are detachable or non-removable buttons that are mainly used in sportswear. Jean buttons are special type.

    printing defects

    It is the overlapping of the printing as a result of repeating the printing pattern, colors, lines one or more times. This can occur with coagulation in the unprinted region printing paste or with some fiber lumps remaining on the fabric surface. Deterioration of the print is the deterioration of the print by handling the printed side before it dries. Flowing of the print It is the defect of the displacement of the print that occurs as a result of improper washing and printing when printed on white or in open print areas. The error that the print cannot be placed in the print area is a print error that results in the shifting of the print contours.

    printed textile fabric

    It is a woven fabric in which one or more colored patterns are created by means of printing technologies and printing inks, which can be classified as block printing / hand printing, machine printing, screen printing and transfer printing.

    bast fiber

    It is the general name given to the fibers found in many plants known since ancient times as spinnable vegetable fiber. In their chemical structures, there are different proportions of cellulose, oil, wax, pectin and other hemicelluloses, lignin and water. It is obtained mechanically, by dew or pooling methods. The most important bast fiber types are flax, hemp, jute and ramie. Bast fibers are known for their strength, strength, durability and flexibility.

    Batavian weaving

    Silk fabric, originally produced in East India, consisting of weft threads of flush thread and warp threads of alum (silk) thread.


    Hand patterning of fabrics by dyeing and printing using wax or creative bonding methods; The surface is covered with wax or bonded so that the patterns desired to be created on the fabric are not painted. After dyeing, the threads are untied or the wax is cleaned. Unpainted areas create the desired pattern. It is an ancient painting technique first practiced on the island of Java.


    An ornamental element that allows the change of the stance of a garment on the body or a part that enables the garment to fit the body. A device used to tighten or decorate a dress. It is generally used in corsets to shape the body.


    It is a cotton or woolen fabric made of fine yarn, woven or printed with oriental patterns. It is used in women's clothing.


    It is a technique for combining. It is a textile fabric with two bonded pile, without woven or knitted; this is achieved through the adhesive agent. The most commonly used is a thin layer of polyurethane foam, which is adhesive on both the front and back, and does not deform under heat or other conditions. The purpose of this adhesive is to increase the efficiency values ​​of textile products and reduce costs depending on their lightness, ease of maintenance, strength and air permeability values. Glued pile textile fabric is useful for many types of clothing.

    Binding, Pasting

    It is the bonding of two or more surfaces on the textile with a binding agent or another material that can be used as a binding agent under an appropriate pressure or temperature. In point bonding, bonding occurs only at the pressure points. Adhesion may not be punctuated, but a bonding agent can be applied to the entire surface.


    It is the point where weft and warp overlap. It is divided into two, whether the weft thread is above or below the warp thread.

    Headgear (hood similar to a hoodie)

    Hood-like, tight-fitting hood. It is made to wrap the head while leaving the face open. Used as part of a raincoat, anorak or jacket. It can be sewn to the neckline or taken on and off. In some cases, it can also be produced separately, usually from wool, to wear in very cold weather.

    baby cap

    Headgear made of knitted fabric to cover the head of toddlers and babies.

    baby clothing

    Clothing worn by babies up to approximately 1 year old. baby shoes – short knitted socks for babies, usually tied with a lace above the ankle. baby cap – headgear for babies and toddlers in various designs and designs. There are several types: beret, cap, hoodie. baby rompers – The bottom of baby rompers is long and ends with booties. The sleeveless or strappy top is often combined with the bottom. baby bodysuit - Loose, flowy clothing for babies with sleeves, buttons down the front and shoulder straps. The back of the garment can be opened completely. Fingerless gloves can be sewn on the long sleeves of the jacket. baby shirt – a product with several arm types. Its length extends below the waist to approximately hip level. It is tied in the back, on the shoulders or in the front. It can have a collar and be decorated with embroidery. baby glove – fingerless gloves for babies, fasten at the wrist. baby sleeping bag – product designed for babies to sleep. The whole body goes inside, the lower part can be closed or opened in different ways. It can have buttons on the front. It is usually made of fur. Apron – a special product for babies made of a suitable material that protects clothes from contamination.

    baby rompers

    It is a one-piece knitted garment for infants and toddlers that covers the torso with sleeves and collarless feet. It is usually produced in pastel colors.

    baby bib

    Used to protect babies' clothes. It is produced from washable material. The format is adjusted to the size suitable for its use.

    size number

    Label representing the average circumference and height measurements of special groups of women, men, girls and boys and the symbol shown on a garment. This should be compatible with effective systems for the sizes of industrially produced garments. The number values ​​for the basic dimensions of the figure are given in cm: figure's height, chest circumference, waist circumference (male), hip circumference (female). (Sizes 182-104-90 means that a garment can be worn by a figure who is 182 cm tall (+ - 3 cm), a size 104 cm, and a waist size of 90 cm.)

    drop collar

    Collar that adorns the neckline, falling flat on the body or folded over a stand-up collar forming a very small collar leg. One of the well-known types is the navy collar.

    Sleeveless and collarless suit covering the body

    It covers the body and legs - also if the upper part extends down. The front part is usually closed, but can also be whole; sleeveless and typically collarless. A suit can be a vest, a vest, a sweater or a petticoat.

    waist tie; tie belt

    It is a decorative complement to women's clothing, produced separately from the clothing. It is produced as narrow or wide strips from textile surfaces, tied by making a decorative knot or loop.

    waist pocket

    Small pocket located on the outside of the waistband of the garment; it is mostly in the form of a flap pocket or an appliqué pocket.

    waist width

    Closure at the waistline of sleeved garments such as jackets, body-covering garments or vests. It is the shortest waist width possible.

    Waist belt

    It is the literal term for the waist belts of skirts and trousers. Waist belt is tape sewn around the waist to fix the waistline of skirts and trousers.

    clothing that fits the waist; clothing that fits around the waist

    A garment that does not tightly wrap the body at the top and bottom of the waistline, but only the waistline tightly wraps the waist.

    Belgian lace

    Lace made in Belgium. The density of its patterns and its rough surface adapted to their shape is its feature. It is not made in one piece and can be quite wide.

    mottled yarn

    It is a fancy yarn with variable and regularly repeated color tones in the aforementioned lengths. This color effect is achieved by twisting two yarns of different colors, while the top yarn wraps around the other and covers the other.

    Bengal style border pattern

    They are patterned borders woven with many distinct colors. Such patterns are widely used in scarves and narrow weavings. The term derives its name from the Indian city of Bengal..

    bengal (1)

    Heavyweight silk fabric woven with plain technique. A rips fabric woven to form oblique grooves on its surface. It is used in sewing women's dresses and as a bag lining. In order to decorate the surface of the fabric, it is passed through the presses and the moire process is applied.

    bengal (2)

    Lightweight wool fabric; rips fabric woven in woven plain ; By twisting the weft threads per unit too much, the fabric is given a fine and rough surface. It is a fabric used in summer men's suits and women's clothing. This term was first woven as an upholstery fabric in Bengal, India and got its name from here.

    berber fabric

    Cotton or silk fabric woven from a light weight satin weave with a soft touch; It has been a very important type of fabric used at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.

    Berber tweed

    Coarse wool fabric woven from non-uniform natural melange yarn. It is used in making sports coats.


    Soft, flat, covering the head, circular shaped, worn at an angle to one side, different sizes according to fashion, men's and women's fashion accessory. It is made by weaving or knitting felted wool. 15-16. In the XNUMXth century, those made of velvet were popular. It was on the agenda with its use by painters during the romantic years.

    Bermuda shorts

    Short tight trousers up to the knees or shorter; double-breasted (reverse). can be worked as It can be used as sports or holiday wear. It can also be prepared from woolen fabrics in accordance with fashion.

    plain tape

    It is knitted from various materials woven with a single weft tape or plain weave. Its corners can be plain woven, its width varies between 5 mm and 100 mm. It is used to surround the edges of garments and for technical purposes.

    plain weave

    It is the simplest and thickest reverse-faced basic weave with the same reverse and face of the woven fabric. It is formed by two warps and two wefts moving in different directions, the smallest repeat of which is 2/2. It is used on all fabrics. The most well-known plain-derived weaving is Panama-like and Panamanian weaving.

    plain fabric

    It is a soft, fine to medium weight cotton or woolen fabric with a smooth slightly rough surface. The name of the fabric comes from the weaving used.

    Biedermeier style clothing

    The style of clothing used between 1820-40. It was used as the most admired garment by people during the industrialization period. Its simple and serious style is its most important feature. It is a fabric used mostly with patterns (especially plaid) in women's and men's clothing. Women's clothes are garments with closed chest, tight fit to the body, natural waistline, very tight corsets and underskirts, and very voluminous sleeves. It is a feature of using a woolen coat or cap (cloak) in winter. Shawls, scarves, fur fur scarves (boa) are popular. Those used as men's clothing were made in a more formal and long jacket style. Tight and long trousers are called tuxedos used with colored vests. Used with top clothing (overcoat, cloak and cap etc.).


    It is a two-piece women's swimsuit consisting of a bra and panties, designed to cover the chest and hips of the body. The term bikini is named after the island of Bikini in the Indian Ocean.

    bicomponent fiber

    It is a term that describes the intertwining or juxtaposition of more than one polymer fiber with different physical or chemical properties. In nested placement, the fibers are called coated (centre, periphery, core) or core. The bicomponent fibers can be arranged from a fibrous single polymer or as inhomogeneous fibrils of a second polymer in the form of matrix fibrils.

    Ankle-length trousers

    The length between long pants and capri pants is a few cm above the ankle. pants on.


    An accessory produced in pairs without knitting, in tubular form, used to protect the wrists against the cold.

    rider jacket

    It is a mono or double-breasted sporty jacket with four or more buttons and a small lapel collar. It has a single or double high slit on the back. It is produced from rustic patterned fabrics made of carded yarns.

    gabardine fabric for riding clothes

    Heavyweight wool fabric with a distinctive vertical line, rough look and hard handle; In warp and twill back weavings with muline threads in two wefts, the lower part provides the back scanning. Used for riding and work trousers.

    Riding suit slit

    A high slit on the back of a jacket or coat that extends from the hem to above the waist and is usually used for closure.

    gabardine for riding suites; rider gabardine fabric, cavalry gabardine fabric

    A coarse, diagonal striped, heavyweight wool fabric in a full, hard-touch, accent twill weave. The weft is worsted wool yarn muline; The scarf can also be combed. It is used for trousers—usually cavalry breeches—and sporty-looking coats. The names “cavalry gabardine” and “rider gabardine” may vary. This type of fabric is used for cavalry breeches and sportswear.

    combined twill weave

    derived from twill weave. The twill foundation, which was broken again, was mounted on the twill. There is a variation in the weave in the middle of the knit repeat.


    cycling shorts


    Knee-length sports shorts made of lycra elastic material, pile-tied textile fabric, usually knitted fabric.

    Finishing process; finishing, finishing process

    It is a general term for all technological methods used to improve the appearance, surface, touch and other properties/quality of textile fabric after knitting and weaving. A finishing process can be permanent. For example, it does not come off when washed, or it can be effective for a limited time. The finishing process is divided into mechanical (dry applied) and chemical (wet applied).

    vegetable fiber

    It is a fiber obtained from seeds, stems, leaves and fruits and can be spun as a textile material. Vegetable fibre, from seeds (cotton, kapok), straw (flax,hemp, jute, kenaf, ramie, Bengal hemp), leaf (sisal, Manila hemp) and fruit, (coconut, etc.). It contains cellulose and small amounts of lignin and pectin.

    piping blazer jacket

    A jacket with piping of various colors (usually in contrasting colours) in various widths on the edges of the jacket (armhole, collar circumference, pocket circumference, hem, etc.). It was used in sports jackets and women's clothing, especially popular in the 1920s and 1930s.

    form, style; cut

    A brief statement of the materials, technological work and construction quality used in the manufacture of a garment. Men's suits are divided into various forms as trousers and other clothing.

    blackwatch pattern

    It is a plaid fabric pattern that is commonly used in dark blue and green colors on wool, cotton and silk fabrics.


    Women's, men's and children's jacket with the bears club emblem on the chest pocket with large appliqué pockets. Especially gold or silver color buttons are important feature. Blazer, gabardine woven with single color twisted wool yarn, drill or flannel) fabrics. Generally, dark colored fabrics are preferred. Some blazers have longitudinal stripes. Sometimes it is made without lining. The first of the theories about the Blazer name; It was suggested by Cambridge University in 1889 that it was derived from the fact that the purple jackets worn by the captains looked like fire (from the verb “blaze” meaning to burn, to catch fire). The second theory claimed; It is the blue serge metal buttoned jackets, named after the ship's name (Blazer), used by British sea captains and crews. According to the French, it is derived from the French term "Blason", which is used as a military jacket. These blazer-style sports jackets are widely used as outerwear and sportswear, especially by women.

    block printing; hand print

    It is to create one or more colored patterns on textile fabric by using wood or metal relief wood dyeing blocks and dyeing ink. Each color of the pattern needs its own block. Block printing is the oldest known dyeing technique. It is still most commonly used for dyeing fabrics for women's dresses and shawls, typically used in folk designs.


    Separate women's garment of light weight, covering the upper part of the body, exposed to fashion trends. It is worn with skirts, trousers and suits. It is produced from light weight, plain or patterned fabrics.


    The longest type is a short, lightweight women's garment that reaches the waist. It is in the form of a bodysuit or jacket. It has no buttons and is open in the front.


    It is a woolen fabric with a soft touch, woven with a worsted yarn warp and silk yarn at the weft, with a thin plain or twill weaving technique. In some varieties, the warp is also silk. It is used in women's clothing.


    They are small ball-shaped clumps formed on the surface of a woolen fabric or knit. Also known as fiber ball. Synthetic, typically polyester fibers, are made from yarns that contain a high percentage of such fibers. It is formed on the surface of the fabric without the clumps or bunching produced by the fibers. There are many different methods to prevent pilling. Such as choosing the appropriate polyester fiber or applying an anti-pilling treatment...

    Non-beading treatment

    It reduces bead formation on fabrics and knitted products made of synthetic fiber-containing yarns, which are prone to pilling with their significant durability, flexibility and resistance to impact. Pilling treatment relies on the use of chemical treatments aimed at capturing the fiber's ability to loosen and lower the mechanical resistance of the synthetic fiber.

    Beaded thread; knotted yarn

    It is a double twisted combed cotton yarn from coarse yarn (usually 120 tex), which is twice bleached and twice mercerized. It is dyed with high color fastness for its durability in washing and boiling in the last finishing treatment. It is used as embroidery thread in lingerie and Tapestry embroidery and also for decoration of various accessories.


    To create a pile surface with a cotton or synthetic weave, polyacrylonitrile staples are reinforced with rubber on the back of the finished product, combed during knitting, and the pile face is treated with printing, dyeing and cutting techniques several times to achieve the desired visual effect. It is used in ladies' and girls' coats and sportswear.

    border pattern

    It is a form of embellishment for fabric or knitting. It is most often used for edge trimming of scarves and shawls (the shape does not spread over the entire surface). Motifs include various ornaments, flowers and geometric patterns. Trimming design often uses a combination of line or square patterns and is grouped towards the edge of the fabric or knit; It is useful for women's wear, especially for coats or jackets.



    Long, loose, long-sleeved, belted garment that reaches to the feet. It can be hooded. It is produced from soft and water absorbent fabrics, usually cotton terry cloth. Used before and after bath.

    pipe pants

    They are tight-fitting, straight-cut trousers that can be used with or without ironing. The leg width varies between 20-25 cm.

    Pile trousers

    Long, straight-cut trousers that are the same width from the hips to the hems.

    Paint fastness

    It is the resistance of a textile fabric to dye, which protects it against various effects that occur in production and practical use.

    Painting Errors

    Errors in the general surface of the fabric. pilling- a few fibers coming together and clinging to the fabric surface, formation of nope neps Prickling, scaling, crusting- Puffing, flaking, crusting formation on the fabric surface obscuration- Narrow threads are not parallel to other threads. Blistering in fabric- The fabric does not lie flat on the surface due to uneven fabric tension. Uneven coloring-It is the error caused by the uneven surface and production during drying in the damaged or insufficiently prepared parts of the fabric. Regional Color errors- Various light-dark areas edge middle color difference- Regional differences in the color of the fabric BarringIt is the formation of both longitudinal and transverse light or dark bands in the fabric. Iridescent, Janjan- It is the coloring error that occurs in the fabric by giving the metallic shade in various tones to the color. Metameric Painting- It is the change of color in various types of light. It usually occurs upon request or as a result of incorrect dyeing. Staining-It is the formation of stained coloring in neighboring areas. Blank in print- It is the formation of unprinted or lightly printed areas, usually in large areas of the fabric. Moire- It is the formation of an undesirable marbling effect. Abraj- It is the formation of light staining in the large area of ​​the fabric. Does not take paint- It is the presence of areas that do not take unwanted dyes in some parts of the fabric. Faulty Embossing – Uneven and unbalanced embossing effect on the fabric.

    bad edge

    Bad and deformed edges expressed as pulled, loose, rolled, folded, wavy or cut edge defects.


    The area inside or around certain parts of the garment that serves to narrow the original area to allow the desired shape to occur. The gap has one or both ends where it ends. Depending on its position, it is divided into lumbar, thoracic and hip cavities.

    Canvas cloth

    Single or double linen fabric, sometimes with a hard touch, rough surface, produced from plain weave with irregularities on the threads. It is used for technical purposes and in the production of sports and youthful looking coats and coats.


    It is a silk fabric of smooth, highly ornamented, heavy, fine natural or chemical silk; It is woven using jacquard patterning technology. Often satin weave is used by altering the warp and weft effect. The distinctive, wide jacquard design is complemented by silver or gold thread. The monochromatic fabric is in bright colors. It is used in daily women's wear.

    brocade damask fabric

    Damask fabric woven from gold and silver threads, usually with a floral pattern.

    brocade taffeta

    Hard, thick, medium weight, burnished (with metallic sheen), plain woven silk fabric with thin oblique ribs. It is used in women's dresses.

    brooch fabric

    Cotton, silk or (albeit less) wool fabric with weft patterning along the primary weft provides the pattern of the weaving (in strips) in certain areas of the fabric. The pattern of the decorative warp is carried out similarly, in which the non-patterning weft or warp is free standing on the back of the fabric (although this can be removed by cutting). Where these patterns are unstitched (ripped) in weft or warp, the fabric stays in its basic weave (knit).


    It is a plain woven, coarse linen fabric that is thick, hard, has a certain flexibility, has wefts and warps of the same thickness. Used as a hardening interlining in more sophisticated garments

    bouclé yarn

    It is a fancy yarn with a thin elongated spiral surface that brings out a long twisted gathered surface by twisting two yarns, ground and fancy. The difference from frisé yarn, which has a short spiral gathering surface, is the length of the gathered spirals on its surface.

    bouclé fabric

    It is a fabric with fine oblique grooves, obtained by using fancy yarn in the front, from light to medium weight. Fabrics can be silk or wool, and the name comes from the French word "ondé" meaning wavy.

    Bouquet (1)

    Fancy yarn with three or four twists. Curls are created by twisting the ground yarn and the fancy yarn together at different speeds. The tightness of the curls can be adjusted by twisting the yarn once or twice afterwards. The term boucle is of French origin, meaning "small bow" or "curl".

    Bouquet (2)

    It is a medium and heavy weight wool (Strayhgarn) fabric. Curls, which are usually obtained by using twisted fancy yarn in the weft, are located on its surface. It is used in women's suits or coats, which are woven from plain weave.

    Bouquet (3)

    It is a heavy weight silk fabric with plain weave, most parts of which are woven in one color. Boucle yarn is used in wefts.


    It is a registered trademark of a British apparel company that produces high quality, impregnated sports style outerwear made of XNUMX percent worsted wool.

    Burette; deca silk

    Residue from obtaining silk and residues generated during spinning of alum silk thread. Silk fabric is separated into fibers and yarn is obtained again; It is used in the production of fabrics for women's summer dresses, ties, furniture and decorative purposes.

    Buret (Silk) yarn

    Usually unbleached natural color, monochromatic; rough, plain and matte surface silk fabric. Cloth foot is woven from natural, coarse, rough silk thread. Its name comes from the buret silk thread used. Fabrics obtained from buret yarn are suitable for women's dresses, suits, blouses and sportswear (used both in sportswear and men's clothing).

    Burgundy fashion

    A 15th century clothing style that stands out with its striking colours, the quality of the materials used and the cut, and its lines embodying many fashions. Some cultural historians attribute the roots of fashion to this period. Characteristics of this style are the pointed shape in clothing and hats. The fabrics of the clothes are made of wool, cotton and linen. Various ornaments resembling bells were used in detail. Women's clothing draws attention with its narrow, lace-adorned waistline, tail, tulle lace covering the face and high cone-shaped hat. Women's dresses are decorated with festoons or border ornaments. Men's quilted tight-fitting vests with a stand-up collar; women's stocking-shaped trousers in different colors and pointed shoes that can reach up to three times the length of the foot were worn.

    Wrinkle feature

    Deterioration or temporary change in the textile structure of a finished garment (usually) as a result of printing during use. The return of the fabric to its original state depends on the degree of defect, the material composition of the fabric, its structure and elasticity. It can be fixed by ironing and in most cases by hanging for a long time.


    It is the original Italian, flowing sporty fashion wear for girls and young ladies. Today it is a general terminology for highly individualized fashion associated with high-end life, based roughly on contemporary trends. It is associated with sales in small specialized stores.

    Regional defect (in fabric)

    runaway loop- It is the error that occurs in knitted fabrics due to workmanship errors such as wrong stitching or production errors such as needle warping or wobble.

    mixed loop-Foreign fiber in the loop is the appearance of a knitted fabric that is deformed by the clustering of yarns in which different colored fibers are spun.

    Loose thread (Long floating, curling)– They are loosely placed threads in the loops. It usually occurs in the transition from flat surfaces to transfer surfaces.

    Wacky (may freak)– It is an error that manifests itself in the form of a may line consisting of a missing loop on the fabric.

    uncompressed loop- Long loop stretching into two or more rows

    Incorrect transfer-(visible from the front side) It is the error that occurs when one yarn is transferred and the other is knitted, due to loose execution, when the transferred stitch, that is, from the back side, is visible from the front side.

    Ears – The thick, untwisted areas in the yarn create uneven areas in the finished product. The defect occurred during yarn formation.

    Incorrect weft throwing- Different thread (fly, foreign matter) – One or more threads are incorrectly placed in the fabric. Yarns differ in tension, fineness, response, local shape, impurity, colour, number of twists or composition.

    broken motif- Jumps in motif-Weaving pattern error- Natural weaving pattern was not followed in prominent regions. Missing weft or warp fault is called ladder. Errors caused by the wrong weaving of weft and warp threads are called weft top or weft bottom. These mistakes create long or short jumps on the fabric surface.

    Improperly knitted hole – an error that usually occurs when repairing a fabric defect.

    Sparse Part or region – It is a local fault caused by many loose wefts, including threads torn in a small area.

    double weft yarn– It is the error that occurs when an extra weft thread is thrown with the existing weft thread during weaving. Weft yarn is double thrown in some parts of the weaving. short scarf – It is the error that occurs when the weft thread cannot reach the opposite edge due to its shortness during weaving and the weft thread is missing in some parts of the weaving.

    Double weft yarn; double warp yarn- It is the weaving of two weft / warp threads as if they were one.

    Loop – It is a loop/ring-shaped thread protrusion error that hangs from the surface caused by the weft or warp thread.

    Loop – Faulty masses formed by weft or warp threads on the surface of the fabric.

    cut zone; lost scarf– It is the loss of the weft thread in a very short part of the fabric.

    bad edge – bad and deformed edges expressed as pulled, loose, rolled, folded, wavy or cut edge defects.

    trestle mark– Staple holes near the edge.

    Narrow en-Regional contraction (pull)– If one area of ​​the fabric is narrower compared to neighboring areas of the fabric, it is called regional contraction.

    comb mark- A weft band is formed due to the difference in tension in the weft in the width of the fabric, from a different weft thread, from the different speed of the batten. single or repeated it has shape.

    Foreign matter in weaving, trash - Dirt or other materials interfere with the fabric, creating this error.

    Faulty paths, fault lines– It is a fabric defect caused by various split lines on the fabric surface and is an indestructible defect. It occurs when a deformation pressure higher than the elasticity of the yarn is applied while the fabric is being wound, as a factory defect.

    Hole – The region on the fabric surface where the deterioration of the yarn density causes the formation of large or small openings.

    Stain – It is the presence of stains of various sizes and densities on the fabric.

    Oil stain – The fabric has an undesirable different shine.

    weft bristles – It occurs for various reasons. It is a defect created by uneven yarn hairs and broken fibers.

    pile bugs – pile faults erroneously created on pile fabrics. There are varieties such as high or low pile height, not throwing or pulling the pile loop.

    thread spool – It is an error caused by the deterioration of the weaving due to the increased tension when pulling the threads.

    Twist (1)

    Twisting two or more single yarns together in one operation to obtain a smoother and stronger yarn. The thread count depends on the number of threads twisted together. They are divided into two and three twisted yarns.

    Twist (2)

    The twisting of the fibers by the spiral rotation of a thread around its axis. Twisting gives strength to the yarn. The number of turns per 1 meter depends on the fineness of the yarn, the length and fineness of the fiber and the purpose for which the yarn will be used. to the left S twist (indicated by the letter "S"), and to the right Z twist (indicated by the letter "Z").

    Twisted yarn (1)

    It is a soft, voluminous but not very smooth fancy yarn. It is obtained by twisting two yarns and forming a twist among themselves. Typically used in the manufacture of fashionable coat fabrics.

    Twisted yarn (2)

    A yarn formed by twisting two or more single yarns together in one operation to improve the quality of the yarn or to obtain a smoother and stronger yarn.

    Big size

    Typically overcoats, jackets, anoraks and from blazers fashion style of clothes composed of men and women. Its comfort and especially its freedom of movement, raised shoulders, and the large body dimensions of its silhouette are its distinctive features. This fashion style emerged in the 1980s.

    Shir; water shir

    It is the adaptation of various small folds to the given space with decorative sewing techniques. These gathers can be in geometric shapes, rosette or lozenge-shaped, embossed.

    shrink, fold

    These are errors that occur from undesirable distortions on the shape of a finished garment. It is caused by the fact that the correction processes during the cutting in the production process are not done well.


    Posted by %PM, 18% 558% 2016 15%:%Sep in Textile Terms Read 3305 times

Textile Terms B