• Textile terms C


    Calico; Kaliko

    It is a medium weight cotton fabric produced by plain weaving technique from sparse, plain, generally medium twisted yarns. There are many varieties on the market, including the printed version. It is used in the production of inexpensive children's and women's clothing, aprons, decorative items and flags.

    glass taffeta

    It is a plain woven, slightly stiff silk fabric with prominent, thin, oblique ribs and a metallic sheen. Typically, different colors are used in the weft and warp. It is used in women's dresses.


    It is a woolen fabric with a pile surface that covers the soft, medium weight (twill or satin weave) weave. Its characteristic color is camel hair and it is produced by mixing worsted wool yarns with different percentages of camel hair. It is used in women's and men's coats. The term comes from the German ‚kamel' meaning camel.


    Cannele rips; Grooved rips fabric


    The name generally used for woolen fabrics with ribs of various widths similar to rips. The groove width can be grouped differently.

    canton fabric

    Slightly shiny, thin, transparent, light weight cotton fabric woven from soft twisted worsted yarn with plain weaving technique. It is used in women's clothing and underwear production. The name is taken from a city in China.

    Cardigan; knit cardigan

    Collarless or bateau collar, at least one pocket, front button fastening and sleeves. The cardigan has a straight solid hem that eliminates creasing. It differs from the vest and the button-down oversized polo shirt. It is usually long sleeved.

    Jacket (1)

    It is a common expression for garments that cover the body loosely, from the length to the hips, and with open or closed sleeves. Generally, it is worked simply without lining and wadding.

    Jacket (2)

    Short sleeve top garment with front closure, which is part of men's and women's suits. Usually lined (summer jackets are half lined), but can also be unlined. It always has long sleeves, a lapel collar and pockets. Its height is fashioned, but usually a length below the waist. It can be mono (single row of buttons) or dry (double row buttoned) closure. It was first worn in England in the late 19th century. While these first jackets were tight-fitting, Gothic jerkin jackets, they underwent many changes over time and took their current form.

    jacket suit

    It is a classic men's suit consisting of three parts, a suit jacket, suit pants and a suit vest. It is worn in various formal activities. It has spread to the world from England. It is worn with a top hat or other black hat.


    A bag created by sewing or attaching to clothing slits, used for storing small personal items or for decoration purposes. Pockets with different shapes have standard shapes on certain types of clothing. Taped pockets, gusseted pockets, applique pockets, waist pockets, flap pockets, longitudinal pockets, slit-slit pockets, pockets with staples at the ends, seam-opening pockets, and flap pockets are the basic types of pockets.

    pocket handkerchief

    Decorative handkerchiefs used in a fashion, folded in various ways in chest pockets of jackets or coats. Colors match with clothes. They can form part of a tie set, the color of the tie and handkerchief is usually the same or combined.

    pocket bag

    Sew-opening pocket or part of a slit pocket. It can be one or two pieces.


    Lightweight, long men's jacket, sometimes with short sleeves, forms part of folk dress, and is sometimes worn by women as well.

    pocket pocket

    It is a plain, lightweight cotton fabric known as 2-by-2 twill from a glossy, four-bonded double-sided twill weave. It is used as a lining, especially as a pocket lining.


    Pocket; pocket fabric


    It is the name frequently used for a smooth, shiny surface silk or cotton fabric woven from medium fine yarn, twill or plain weave. Used for pocket bags.

    Chanel boy; Chanel style clothing length

    It is a dress size that Coco Chanel, one of the founders of tailor-made garments (Haute Couture), has applied in her designs and is widely used by other designers. Hemline is approximately three inches below the knee.

    Chanel style clothing;

    Coco style clothing It is a women's clothing style that is generally applied to suits made of worsted yarn (especially woolen tweed). This style, which stands out with its simplicity and comfort in its design, which contrasts with the decoration of the front closure, pocket, collar, armhole and slit with ribbon (knitted strip), velvet ribbon or different fabric bands, is a well-known Parisian fashion designer and owner of the famous Haute Couture salon Coco. Created by Chanel. In Chanel's opinion, this suit is a must-have for every woman. The fact that this garment has been popular for more than 50 years proves this.

    Chesterfield coat

    It is a straight-formed men's coat with a single-line closure, concealed fly and a very tight fit. It is a town dress made of light or dark gray fabrics, with the length below the knee. It is called by this name because it is the garment used by Lord Chesterfield when he was governor of India.

    chinos pants

    Designed for leisure, summer cotton trousers, usually made of crepe, are more casual wear than trousers, but more formal than jeans. Used with blazer and jacket.

    trestle mark

    It is the sloth holes near the edge. This is one of the undesirable faults in woven fabrics.

    Cool Wool

    It is the slogan term prescribed by the International Wool Association (IWS) for very thin, very thin, 200 percent wool, very light fabrics with a weight of XNUMX g and up, produced from worsted yarn. These fabrics are used in seasonal men's suits and women's clothing and women's suits.

    Core-spun Optex thread

    It is a core yarn with an elastic core of spandex fiber and yarns from other textile materials that are looped around once or twice.

    Côtelé fabric

    It is a coarse, hard cotton or woolen fabric with wide vertical rips, usually obtained by warp-fixed twill-back weaving. It is generally used in women's coats and coats. The term comes from the French word "côtelé" (= fluted), which refers to the surface of the fabric.

    creel ( cage )

    The stand on which the bobbins to be fed to the machine are arranged.


    A drawing tool with a length suitable for use, with smooth edges, with cm spacing.


    Small tongs for threading multi-thread machines


    Splitting the pattern to form the trouser back


    Differential pulley for lifting loads

    Snow in Warp Directionheatk Satin Weave

    Snow in the warp directionheatk satin weave warp yarn of any satin weaveırailsının ofğişobtained by grinding. warp yarnsıgratingının ofğişbookmark a ruleğlı draw withoutıWhich yarns are in place in knitting?ğişhyphenği is specified.

    Shaded Satin Weave in Warp Direction

    Shaded satin weave in the warp direction full shade and halfıtwo with m shaded şobtained in the crop. Loverım shade satin weave, egğgiven inş the scarfı return of satin weave pattern to warp satinşobtained as a result. The full shade satin weave is the scarf.ı return of satin weave pattern to warp satin weave patternşatk again after consumingı back to satin weave reportşby continuing untilşhr.

    be in the warp directionşfull or halfım shaded satin weaves, givenş to the twill knitting reportğlı count as manyıif you need a framefiedmore jacquard thanı applied in weaving machinesır.

    multi filament yarn

    It is filament yarn composed of many filaments up to 30000 dtex (over 30000 dtex = tow).


    It is cotton seed.


    It is the process of separating the raw cotton fiber from the core with the help of ginning machines and stripping the linter cotton from the core with the help of linter machines.

    gin yield

    It is the ratio of fiber to core cotton.


    The physical stresses of the part products and the superficial deterioration (loop shrinkage-yarn shrinkage, etc.)


    Round or angular metal part with a certain height used in the pressing machine

    Spinning wheel

    The circle on which the yarn is wound in order to determine the yarn number


    A set of threads formed by winding a spinning wheel of a certain length around its circumference.

    Bar/row direction

    The direction of placement of the yarn in the knitted fabric transversely/longitudinally (in the direction of production and perpendicular to it)


    Joining two pieces by sewing


    Topstitch sewn at a width of 0 - 2 mm


    Marks and notches indicating seam joining

    line stone

    Soap for scratching fabric

    double needle machine

    Machines equipped with two needles with a certain distance and their sewing mechanism, forming two parallel rows of straight stitches at the same time


    The process to follow the order of the threads in the processes after warp unwinding (drawing, knotting)

    cross bar

    The threads between the lever and the lamella do not pass parallel


    Apparatus carrying power wires

    warp thread

    Threads placed along the length of the fabric


    Mechanism that moves the lower thread of the remaiser machine

    Socks pattern program

    Software that enables the models specified in the product design/order to be prepared in the computer environment


    Threads placed along the length of the fabric

    warp knitting

    A form of knitted fabric manufacturing by forming loops connected to each other using yarn running in the direction of the longitudinal column.


    It is a cotton fabric with a smooth and highly glossy surface. Medium weight, tightly woven from fine sharply turned warp yarn. Weft threads are softer and loosely twisted. The weft is satin woven. It is mostly black. But it can also be in dark pastel tones. It is used in gym shorts/pants, work jackets, aprons and quilted blankets.

    Tent cloth

    Cotton fabric with transverse relief notches woven in a plain weave of coarse count yarn and provided by a wider weft in the warp. It is used in tent production because it is impregnated.

    Tent style fashion silhouette

    A coat and dress fashion style for teenagers with a small straight neckline, narrow shoulders, a raised waistline and a puffy skirt with striking hems.

    bell-shaped trousers; flared trousers

    Fashion style of trousers whose legs widen after the knee line and take the shape of a bell. Leg widths are more than 30cm.

    Flare; A-line skirt

    A skirt with a hem that is wider than the hips, and that drapes down from the hips. It consists of multiple parts.

    bell skirt;pieced skirt

    Skirt that expands noticeably from the sidelines to the hems so that the layers form a bell shape around the hips; its typical feature is that it consists of multiple parts and is sometimes cut at an angle

    bell silhouette

    A womenswear fashion style with a narrow top and a bell-shaped bottom that expands to the hem. Its natural appearance is its remarkable feature.

    bell-shaped crushing

    Unfolded, unironed crease that provides the transition to the loose part of the garment; creates ripples on the surface of the garment. It is usually for decoration, but it is a functional element of women's clothing, such as dresses, skirts and coats.

    Cross Twill

    It is a weaving derived from the twill weave obtained by the repeated weaving of two-ended twill weaving in different directions in the form of grooves forming a cross shape. This weaving is used in cotton and woolen fabrics. Fancy cross twill weaves, on the other hand, are obtained from the unfixed middle part of the pattern repetition that creates a weaving effect on the fabric, and from cross twills that make reinforced or single binding. This weaving is used in women's dresses made of cotton fabrics and in the fabrics of fashionable woolen coats.

    Cross pattern taffeta

    Silk type fabric with a slightly rough touch, metallic luster and thin, criss-cross appearance, with high thread density; a different cross patterned cloth foot is in weaving. It is used for women's dresses.

    Diagonal stripe fabric pattern

    A cross-striped, woven or printed fabric pattern of the same or different widths and colours, made up of the weft colour.

    Charleston (charleston) clothing style

    It is a very popular style of clothing in the 1920s. The straight lines of the dress, the tight fit of the body and the gathered skirt are the most distinctive features of this style. It was often used in women's dresses. The early 1980s saw the return of this style.


    Cotton fabric of medium weight, of medium thickness, woven from a plain weave, which is clearly visible on the surface. It typically has vertical stripes of blue, red, pink, and purple; sometimes embellished with small plaid and weaving effects. It is used in bedding and some patterns in women's blouses, summer dresses and sea wear.

    attractive appearance

    Wide, mostly found in the back of the dress with low-cut conspicuous women's fashion. The use of luxurious fabrics decorated with imitation stones is its remarkable feature. Her narrow lines, expressing women's body lines, were inspired by 1950s evening gowns fashion. The word “glamor” was used to describe the lifestyles of Hollywood movie stars of the time.

    pull fabric

    It is a textile fabric consisting of one or more cheesecloth. It is physically strengthened against chemical effects during drawing.

    shrinkage finishing

    Protects the fabric from wrinkling during washing; It is especially used in fabrics produced from silk or viscose fibers. It is based on specially prepared substances.

    Double weft yarn; double warp yarn

    It is the weaving of two weft / warp threads as if they were one.

    Double weft thread ( weft draw)

    It is the error that occurs when an extra weft yarn is thrown with the existing weft yarn during weaving. Weft yarn is double thrown in some parts of the weaving.

    double weft fabric

    The fabric formed by the weaving of a warp and double weft (top and bottom), each of which forms in a different weave to increase the thickness of the fabric or to make a pattern on the face.

    double thread

    This yarn is formed by twisting two or more yarn groups or single yarns during the production by twisting, for example, on a ring spinning machine. Twisting is carried out on a twisting machine where each yarn is twisted together from the pleat twist side. Depending on the number of twists of each yarn, it can be double twisted, triple twisted, etc. it is called. Unlike yarns spun in a single stage, yarns spun in multiple stages are made by repeated twisting. Paired yarns can be made through a regular twist. As with flat twist or textured yarns of different colors or volumes...

    Double Plate jersey

    It is a fabric with a flat 1.1 weave on the front and back. The front loop rows are replaced by the back loop rows. This basic weaving can be developed in many different ways by grouping needles and depending on the patterns available. It is used in a wide range of clothing in accordance with the type of material.

    double faced

    Heavy double-sided silk fabric of more than one color (usually two); the face has a negative structure on the back; It is produced with double-sided fabric production technology with plain weaving. It is used for women's dresses, suits and coats. It got its name from the French.

    double faced garment

    These are garments that can be worn both inside and outside of the garment. The colors, patterns or fabrics used on the two sides of the garment may be different. Both sides of double-sided wearable garments are produced from usable fabrics. In particular, clothing such as jackets and coats are products that can be used on both sides.


    double faced fabric (1)


    A voluminous fabric with a soft touch and inner raising, usually cotton, sometimes wool. One warp and two wefts are used in its manufacture. The face and reverse have the same weave, but the colors of the wefts change, so that the scarf on the face side becomes one color and the scarf on the reverse side becomes two-color. The connection points of the warp and weft should close each other so that they are not visible through each other. Double weft yarn fabric is used in the production of dressing gowns, home dresses, etc.

    double faced fabric (2)

    General term for fabric that can be used on the face and reverse; Dublufas fabric has a hollow weave and has a reverse side. The difference in face and reverse appearance is achieved by special weaving technology

    double warp fabric

    It is a silk or cotton fabric of medium weight, obtained by using one weft and two warp threads, whose front and back may be the same or different due to differences in yarn density, weaving, color and material used. Smaller patterns can be obtained on the surface by using a small number of warp wires.


    A collection of ten skeins, usually of predetermined length, connected by threads from different skeins.

    Chinese Jute

    It is the fiber obtained from the stems of plants belonging to the hibiscus family, one year old or older. A stem contains between 10% and 30% fiber and is used to make burlap rope, rope and paper. It is also known in commerce as Chinese jute. This plant originates from east Asia.

    china cloth (nankeen)

    Thick and strong cotton fabric is produced from dark warp and light weft yarn by plain or twill weaving technique. It is used in the production of summer clothes and especially sports style trousers and as a pocket lining.

    Gypsy-looking; gypsy style clothing

    A style of clothing that reflects the Gypsy folk costume, consisting of several layers of flounce and ribbon lace, with a distinctive feature with its folds and movable hem. The blouse with a large oval neckline has plenty of folds under the bust. The dresses are in vibrant colors; silver and artificial jewelery are used abundantly as accessories.

    Striped Madras pattern

    A striking irregular striped pattern of very fine pale color on a white background. It is generally used in cotton fabric types. It is named after the Hindu city of Madras, which has a highly developed textile industry.

    striped berber pattern

    It is a pattern often used in wool fabrics; It consists of colored, thin and irregular lines woven on hand looms and barely perceptible.

    striped damask fabric

    It is a kind of damask fabric woven from satin weave, consisting of vertical lines grouped in various ways.

    Striped fabric (diplomat fabric)

    It is a fabric with longitudinal broken white lines at 1cm intervals on a dark gray and black background. Fabric made from worsted yarn, usually used in men's woolen suits.

    striped knit fabric

    It is produced from various yarns of various colors, which are rotated in the arrangement of rows. A color can form one or more rows. To perform this type of patterning, some machines have line apparatuses with various guides.

    floral taffeta

    It is a plain woven, slightly stiff silk fabric with prominent, thin, oblique ribs and a metallic sheen. It is also produced as a floral printed fabric.

    floral fabric

    It is a fabric with floral motifs such as flowers and grass, which is generally produced from cotton, silk and wool fabrics.

    shepherd button

    Decorative fastening element in urban clothing. The oval, sometimes barrel-shaped button is attached to the garment with holes in the middle. It is produced from wood, horn, metal, bone and plastic. It is often used in sports and trendy clothing.

    shepherd's cloth

    It is a woolen fabric produced from plain or twill weaving and worsted yarn, which has a rough touch, medium weight. Unusually long pile creates small lumps on the surface of the fabric. It is used in sports jackets.

    Shepherd's coat; thick shaggy coat

    For men or women, it is a straight, loose shepherd's coat with a hood, large appliqué pockets and a loose yoke on the back. The closure is fastened with shepherd buttons. It is produced from a single color wool, velor fabric, usually unlined, and in some cases double-sided with a checkered interior.


    Diapers or panties with a leak-proof filling, used by children and babies.

    Multicolored fabric :(mottled)

    A multi-coloured woven or knitted fabric produced with different colored yarns or brightly colored melange yarns, without a discernible pattern.

    Socks (1)

    It is produced in a flat sock machine. It is in the form of shrinking and expanding according to the need. This feature of the sock is due to the vertical backstitch formed along the loop.

    Socks (2)

    A type of stocking that has a closed part in the form of a foot and is finished by knitting with an edge or elastic yarn. The stockings are tightly wrapped around the leg and can extend up to the knee or calf (divided into knee-length and calf-length). Knitted from wool, cotton or synthetic yarn

    stick fabric

    It is the pattern most commonly used in woolen fabrics. It consists of repetitions of groups of at least four thin, chalk-white, vertical, dashed lines on a flat surface or typically on fine cotton fabric with a flannel finish. It is used in the fabrics of men's suits and women's dresses and suits.

    burlap; burlap

    Coarse, strong, loose, woven from jute yarn in a ragweed weave linen fabric . Used in the production of sacks and packaging materials


    Longitudinal thread system parallel to the fabric edge in woven fabrics. It is generally less wavy than weft threads, from which it is possible to form the structure of a fabric from a small sample.

    warp satin

    Pattern-repeated woven fabric with a large number of fastening points on the warp over the fastening points on the weft.

    Warp structure; warp weaving

    Woven repeating fabric with more warp attachment points above the weft attachment points.

    warp faced, effect twill

    Pattern-repeated woven fabric with more attachment points on the warp than on the attachment points on the weft.

    warp woven fabric

    General term used to highlight the warp threads on the face of warp weavings.

    Warp knit fabric; locknit fabric

    Its loops are fed horizontally as in lace. Its loops do not consist of a single yarn in warp knitted fabrics, it consists of warp yarn systems. The loops are not formed in a row, but all at once on all needles. This type of textiles are knitted fabrics that exhibit different surface properties (low flexibility, elasticity and bulkiness).

    Warp knit plush; warp velvet

    It is a woven fabric that has two warp threads, one ground and one pile, and which, when weaving one of the ground thread plain, twill, satin or derived weavings as the ground, rises when the shed is open with the help of special needles and forms the pile part with the pile warp. The pile loops are cut with various techniques to create a short sparse pile surface. The short and thick pile layer is called velvet. It is used in women's formal dresses and coats and for decorative purposes.

    Warp knit plush; knitted velvet

    Warp knit plush; A simple one-sided weave that always creates the backdrop for plush knitting on the reverse. It is produced in a single bed warping machine with plush hooks.

    Warp knitting structure

    A method in which various weaving elements (loop, hanger, skipping) are used through warp knitting technology.

    Warp knit placed fabric

    It is a warp knit fabric with placed threads on one side that do not form loops. The placed threads are attached to the ground by means of connecting loops. Raising may be applied on the back of the fabric to increase thermal insulation.


    Fasteners such as buttons, snap fasteners, which are pressed and attached to the garment on garment closures.

    Warp Rips Knit

    2 or more points in the warp yarn direction of the connection point of the plain weave They are braids obtained by extending the excess weft yarn. This means that more than one weft thread is thrown into the same shed. For this reason, the fabric has a structure that creates transverse paths. Because of this structure, weft rips weaves are also called transverse rips weaves.

    Warp Direction Cross Twill Weave

    The given twill weave pattern is divided into two equal parts in the warp direction. In the first area, it is embroidered in half in accordance with the twill weave technique. In the second area, the twill weave report is processed from the end to the beginning and the knitting is completed.

    Warp Direction Cut Twill Weave

    The given twill weave pattern is formed by lining up the warp yarn groups that repeat side by side in the warp direction. In the first area, it is processed in accordance with the twill knitting pattern technique. In the second field, the opposite of the filled ones is marked as empty and the opposite of the empty ones as full and the twill weave is processed according to this report. It is continued until the following groups repeat the report and knitting is completed.

    Warp Direction Broken Twill Weave

    These are the weaves formed by enlarging a pattern in the warp direction of the given twill weave pattern. After the knitting pattern given to the first area is drawn in accordance with the technique, it is drawn in the second area to form a path in the opposite direction of the twill path of the first knitting pattern.

    Warp Direction Honeyıksırtı Twill Weave

    honey in the warp directionıksırtı In the twill weave drawing, the main weave is drawn. Hails in the last warp after the last warpın profit sıwhat's wrongşbecauseşhomeın profit sıwhat a full summerılır. main knitting hrğ if way second kısım is left-handed, if the main knitting is left-handed, the second kısım hğ path is drawn.

    Warp Direction Diagonal Twill Weave

    Use basic twill weaves to get diagonal twill weaves in the warp directionılır. The drawing method of diagonal twill weaves is the same as the drawing methods of normal twill weaves.ıdır. Report area of ​​diagonal twill weave in warp directionı calculateıgiven earlyş twill weave report wire countısı number of jumpsısıobtained by dividing byğis taken into account. report phone numberısı jump wire countısıIf it is not divisible by na, the report warp and weftı count wireıhomeı report phone numberısıwhat's wrongşpush. In case of complete division, the obtained division is alsoğnumber oneısı warp wire countısını, report tel numberısı if atkı count wireısını Data.

    Warp Direction Shaded Twill Weave

    Shaded twill weave in the warp direction is full shaded and halfıtwo with m shaded şobtained in the crop. Loverım shaded twill weave, givenş the scarfı turn the twill weave pattern into warp twillşobtained as a result. The full shade twill weave is the scarf.ı return of the twill weave pattern to the warp twill weave patternşatk again after consumingı back to twill weave reportşby continuing untilşur. be in the warp directionşfull or halfım shaded twill weaves, givenş to the twill knitting reportğlı count as manyıif you need a framefiedmore jacquard thanı applied in weaving machinesır.

    Warp Reinforcedş Satin Weave

    Any weft to be reinforced in the warp directionı satin weave, warp threadğget down on topğu every timeğlantı pointıto one or moreğlantı pointı is added. In warp satin weave, warp threadğyou got downstairsğu every timeğlantı pointıto one or moreğlantı pointı reinforced by addingş satin weaveşis toured.

    They are filled in warp satinın decreaseılması, atkı they are filled in your satinı ArticleırılmasıIt is called satin obtained with



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Textile terms C