Textile Terms D
  • Textile Terms D



    Narrow woven fabrics

    Narrow woven fabrics are products with a width between 0,2 mm - 45 cm and have a knit on one edge to prevent unraveling. Within the scope of the research, this concept was used for the production of narrow weaving machines with eccentric sheds.

    Narrow weaving machine

    It refers to eccentric machines, also known as needle narrow weaving machines, used in narrow woven fabrics. 


    It is the yarn or molten polyester that does not become finished during the production of polyester yarn, both during maintenance, malfunctions and repairs, and during yarn breakage.


    It is the assembly consisting of various filters, sand and perforated plate through which the polyester melt (polymer) is passed to be shaped under pressure.


    Corrugation status with the ratio of nep, nap and foam fibers in the cotton.


    Variability in yarn fine, coarse, nep and mass along the yarn length.


    plain yarn

    digital desk

    Electronic mechanism that allows transferring the lines and marks of hand-prepared patterns to the computer.

    Seam allowance

    Giving the necessary surpluses for planting in the mold

    Dokuma kumas

    Textile surfaces formed by the intersection of two yarn groups called warp and weft perpendicular to each other.

    plain yarn

    The line marked on the pattern showing the warp direction of the fabric.


    Appearance of fabric or pattern paper in garment position


    Giving the fabric a folded, draped form and appearance in certain areas


    Heat treatment applied for woolen fabrics to achieve the desired attitude and appearance.


    Felting of predominantly wool-containing fabrics by mechanical, chemical and temperature effects


    Cylinder used for wrapping fabric


    The manufacture of the textile product consisting of the intersection of the warp and weft threads at right angles in accordance with the knitting report.


    Line art made for visual impact

    Plain knit/Knitwear

    Flat knit textile surface produced in knitwear machines

    leather (zig)

    Worked animal (except game) leather with smooth surface

    coefficient of variation

    Expression as a percentage of the number obtained by dividing the standard deviation by the mean value in a data set

    Veined, Marble pattern

    It is a fabric pattern generally created by fancy yarns, but it can also be obtained by printing or jacquard printing technology. Its most distinctive feature is its fine, sharp veins in tones suitable for the color tone and reminiscent of marble. The pattern is used in light weight fabrics and knitwear used in summer women's clothing.

    Damask; damask silk

    Shiny fabric made of fine yarn with a dense texture. It is a cotton sometimes linen fabric woven using satin weaving technique and jacquard patterning technology. Large-scale patterns are created by alternating weft and warp groups. It is used as bedding fabric.

    Damask fabric ; damask silk

    Thick, silky, medium-weight, double-faced fabric woven from chemical silk with jacquard patterning technology and richly patterned. Its floor is a five warp satin weave. In the patterns, there is one weft thread on the face of the fabric and another on the reverse, and it is woven with plain weave. It is used for decorative purposes and as a lining.

    Dandy-look; stylish-simple look

    A simple style that provides integrity in details in women's suits and men's three-piece suits. Its only complement is a tie or ribbon.


    It is a type of surface made with crochet and a rope. It is obtained as a mixture of single, double, triple loop techniques, loop gatherings, zigzag, chain and other fancy loop techniques. It is used on clothes and indoor decorations.

    lace pattern

    It creates openings in single-sided weft knitted fabric to form various figures. Depending on the weaving and manufacturing process used, the lace pattern is divided into lace stitch patterns and hanging linked loop patterns.



    A light, perforated, patterned, knitted or woven fabric created by weaving together multiple yarn systems. It is used in the production of women's underwear and ceremonial clothing.

    lace mesh

    A single-sided knit with a broken-punched pattern created by carrying over the loops with a needle to the left or right. Moving the loops in this way creates an opening in the knitting. Individual loops or entire groups of loops can be moved, ie many patterns can be created. Also, half of the loops can be moved (half lace loop); in this case, the openings created are smaller than the regular lace weave.

    Narrow en-Regional contraction (pull)

    If one area of ​​the fabric is narrower compared to neighboring areas of the fabric, it is called regional contraction.

    Defective; error

    Faulty spot on a garment or fabric for various reasons. The defects can be in the whole piece or regionally.

    gradient pattern

    A fabric pattern formed by color groups with continuous light refraction and sharp color transition and tonal transition from light to dark. The most effective use is in checked printed fabrics.


    Technology used for finishing wool fabrics. Either the fabric is wrapped tightly around the perforated cylinder and immersed in hot water (also circulated through the fabric) -Wet decat; or hot steam is applied to the fabric - dry decat. While the touch and general appearance of the fabric are appreciated by the pressure and hot humidity, the fabric is strengthened and its brightness is reduced (especially in worsted yarn fabrics).


    Collar opening around the neck, revealing the back and upper chest in women's clothing. It is very widely used in evening wear and formal wear, blouses, sweaters designed differently, symmetrically or asymmetrically; The tendency of current fashion styles to use the low-cut can also give the low-cut a typical feature.

    Decorative Stitches

    Stitches used in dress decorations; They are ornaments made by hand or machine. Creates hand made ornament stitches, cross stitch, chain stitch, crochet stitch, hand machine stitching, spot stitching. Closed zigzag stitches and single thread chain stitches are mostly used for machined embellishment stitches.

    Decorative Patch

    A patch-like part of a knitted, fabric or leather garment that is easily worn on parts such as knees, elbows, hips, while the garment is being sewn or added later. It is also a fashion element of casual, business and sportswear.


    The region on the fabric surface where the deterioration of the yarn density causes the formation of large or small openings.

    perforated mesh

    Designed for leisure, summer cotton trousers, usually made of crepe, are more casual wear than trousers, but more formal than jeans. Used with blazer and jacket.

    Perforated fabric, openwork fabric, perforated woven

    It is a fabric that stands out with its light weight, air permeability, porosity and, above all, the types of holes caused by sparse areas in unit weft warp density. These sparse areas create geometric patterns, lines and shapes, and this complex pattern is created by the selection of a suitable fabric. This effect can also be achieved by leno weaving or by various chemical methods such as burning or perforating the designated areas to create the desired holes. Perforated fabric can be cotton, silk or woolen. It is used in light weight women's clothes, blouses and for decorative purposes. Its name comes from the word openwork, which is the French equivalent of the word to break, as can be understood from the holes in the fabric.




    It is generally cotton and rarely woolen textile fabric. The touch is tough and very durable. It is a twill weave that creates indistinct grooves on the surface of the fabric with different colors of weft and warp threads (usually blue warp and white weft). Sports-style trousers and denim for women, men and children. The term 'denim' comes from the French 'da Nimes' – 'Nimes' (the town where clothing for workers was first used).

    submarine collar

    The neckline is straight front and back, and oval at the shoulders. It covers most of the shoulders. It is used in women's light suers and blouses.

    sailor style

    A style of clothing with a combination of black and white, a rectangular sailor collar, and elements of the sailors' uniform. Typical is the collar accentuated by gold-coloured buttons, tabs and binding.

    Pattern; design; design

    A draftsman's term for knitted or woven fabric that serves as a decorative item. A pattern is a small figure or graphic representation of a plant, animal, geometric or other motif, taking the form of a line, plaid, print, or knitting techniques. It is created in two or more colors.

    Patterned ribbon

    Single-weft, double-weft, multi-weft or multi-warp ribbon; In widths between 10 mm and 100 mm; It is of cotton or viscose yarn and is made of rayon or Glitter thread yarn with jacquard pattern on the face and fluffy and pale embossed design. Used for a wide variety of decorative purposes such as lingerie and other apparel, labels, size/number labels, monograms, brand and garment labels

    Patterned knitted fabric

    To achieve the desired visual effect, the surface of its fabric is segmented in a wide variety of reliefs, colors and lace patterns.

    Patterned Ribbon

    Flat, patterned knitted strip of viscose rayon and cotton yarn. It is knitted in a single yarn system, forming a hem that is attached at regular intervals. It is colorful and soft, usually 4 to 10 mm wide and reversed. Used to decorate clothes

    Supporting; hardening; tempering

    It is an intermediate layer that is attached to the fabric by different methods in order to achieve the desired appearance, quality and effect in the garment. By adding volume and resistance to the applied area, contributing to the shape to be given to the garment, to the fabric; It functions as a support in processes such as sewing, washing and ironing. Their duties include the front of the garment, collar, cuff, pocket mouth, shoulder, etc. It is to maintain shape and durability in places, to reduce the tendency to wrinkle and to gain a certain hardness and form.

    supporting material;

    fabric Flexible, tough, durable, cotton, linen or wool fabric used to support all or some of the garments to maintain their form. Today, non-woven fabrics containing special bonding agents are used instead of old interlinings.  

    Interlining (interlining) makes a garment look good, prevents it from deteriorating during storage and after wearing. Parts of jackets and coats are supported by fusing collars, cuffs, hems, trims, button panels of garments. It is necessary to choose the interlining in accordance with the top material. adhesive interlining affixed to the surface, non stick interlining It is joined to the upper material with a seam. Adhesive interlining has a polymer layer that adheres to the reverse of the top material when heat and pressure are applied on it. The non-adhesive interlining is connected to the sections to be strengthened with a seam. It is used on men's shirt collars to reinforce the chest part of men's jackets.

    In clothes, depending on the type of use, there are the following types of interlinings (interlining): Hard interlining - used to support the front parts of jackets and coats. Soft interlining - used to support collar, cuff, button panels.

    Interlining production by fiber type: Woven - woven interlinings Knitted - knitted interlinings Nonwoven technologies - nonwoven interlinings

    camel hair fabric (1)

    Wool fabric woven from twill or satin weave with smooth soft touch, heavy weight, hairy surface. Characteristically beige in color buff It is produced from carded yarn. It is used in women's and men's coats. Its name is derived from English.

    camel hair fabric (2)

    Voluminous, soft, full-touch, woolen fabric with a fine hairy surface. Characteristic buff It is woven from twill or satin weave in color. It is used in women's and men's coats and jackets. Its name is derived from English.

    camel hair coat

    Men's and women's general-purpose coat in beige (buff) color, made of fabric with a high buff ratio. The shape of the coat changes according to the fashion of the day. First seen at the London Olympic Games in 1908, it became very popular in 1920.

    Devore Pattern, Burning Pattern

    It is a pattern created by punching holes in prominent parts of bicomponent plain fabric with some chemicals.

    Turndown collar; lapel collar

    It consists of a top collar and lapels. It is one of the most important elements that gives a model feature to a garment and determines its style. There are basic types according to the shape of the collar: open, closed, shawl-shaped and open at the neck. The open lapel collar is formed by the lapel and top collar joining together at an angle of approximately 90 degrees (square men's collar). Closed lapel collar; The lapel and the top collar meet at a very small angle and there is very little opening between them (dovetail collar and men's collar forms with narrow joining angles). Shawl collar; It has no upper collar and consists of a single piece of lapel. Collar with open lapels from the neck; consists of a small lapel and a wider collar. The lapels and collars can be separated by buttoning under the neck (chicken collar). It is very commonly used in raincoats and shirts.

    Turndown collar; top collar

    Collar piece folded over the stand-up collar (collar foot) divided by an ironing line

    Diagonal fabric; oblique pattern (1)


    It is a fabric pattern that gives the appearance of twill weave by creating distinctive oblique patterns with loops. Generally, the emphasis of the pattern is increased by the color contrast of the weft and warp threads of the fabric.

    Diagonal fabric; oblique pattern (2)

    It is a woolen fabric usually produced from worsted yarn. It has a sporty feature with oblique patterns. It is used in the production of jackets and coats.

    vertical cut

    The cutting method used to make the edges of textile fabrics smooth. Applied with scissors or with a special machine as part of an industrial process

    Dog collar

    It is a double-layered collar piece that wraps around the neck, which is added or sewn to the neckline where it is divided by an ironing line.

    rectangular collar

    Extended collar shape of the garment in the form of a rectangular front and back neck opening. It is used in women's clothing.

    Sewing (1)

    It is the process of connecting two threads together by extending the thread passed through the eye of the needle to the next one. With the frequent repetition of this process, sewing takes place. The seam is divided into visible and invisible parts that are hidden inside the garment material. Includes a variety of basic stitches such as overlock stitch, hand stitch, chain stitch, machine stitch and back tack (lock stitch)

    Sewing (2)


    The junction of two or more textile fabrics; junction line. It is created by sewing, bonding, gluing and other binding means. There are various stitches depending on the stitch type: reinforcement stitch, hemstitch stitch; ironing machine, press-stitch on the machine, overcasting; hemstitch and many other specialty stitches.

    to sew


    Joining woven fabrics and other pile-bound textiles together using sewing needle and thread. It is divided into hand and machine sewing. Only one needle is used in hand sewing. Machine sewing uses multiple threads and two needles

    sewing mistakes (1)

    Seam puckering - localized garment defect caused by puckering of the fabric at the seam edge. Defective seam - undesirable gaps in the sewing line caused by the imperfection of the sewing steps. Stitch slippage - a stitch that has slipped out of the seam line due to pressure, pulling, or other reasons. Seam stretch - the length of the seam during ironing or other stresses.

    sewing mistakes (2)

    Facing stitch - a long stitch without a loop of loop that may be longer in some rows of stitches compared to other stitches. Curved, crooked stitch -a stitch that has deviated from the straight line. Skewed, crooked seam – sewing where the seam distance from the sewn line to the garment hem is uneven (for example, the front hem is sewn crookedly). Sparse stitches - stitches that do not meet the desired density

    Stitched stockings

    Socks with a longitudinal seam. At the same time, fake (internally stitched) seamless socks belong to this group.

    Seamless long socks

    Socks with no seams anywhere.

    seamless socks

    It is a foot garment that is produced in circular knitting knitwear machines with seamless sides and an open toe section, and the toe section is then combined. It is usually produced from polyamide silk.

    Seam opening pocket; hidden pocket

    Pocket whose opening is worked into the garment. If there is no cut along the pocket, it can be hidden between the seam of the two parts of the garment. The seam opening pocket can be attached to the side seams of skirts, trousers, waist seams, etc. applied

    Twill (1)

    It is one of the basic fabric weaving techniques.

    Twill (2)

    It is a medium weight coarse cotton fabric produced from twill weave with distinctive angled grooves on the surface of the fabric. It is used to make workwear or casual wear.

    Twill (3)

    A thick, heavy triple-tie twill-woven cotton fabric of fine yarn; It is used in underwear.

    Twill (4)

    It is a matte glossy, double-faced twill woven silk fabric. It is used in women's dresses and ties.

    Twill (5)

    It is a plain, light to heavy woolen fabric that is plump and soft to the touch and sometimes slightly matted. It is produced in a double-sided twill weave with four or six ends. It is seasoned by washing, sometimes by light felting. It is used in men's and women's suits and trousers. This name is derived from the Scottish word "tweel", which describes the diagonal appearance of the weave.

    Twill weaving

    It has the smallest repetition (S/3), that is, the three warp and three weft threads are rotated in continuously repeated alternating passes, thus forming diagonal rows. If the warp threads dominate the face, we speak of a warp twill weave; if a weft twill weave has the majority of the weft yarns per cent, we speak of weft twill weave. It is used with a wide variety of fabric types, the most important ones: cross twill, broken twill, cut twill, pointed twill, mixed twill, shaded satin, rearranged twill, step twill, reinforced twill and reverse twill.

    Twill back weave

    It is produced with a weaving technique that replaces free-standing warp or weft threads. These more freely woven areas give the fabric a notched embossed surface that can be longitudinal, oblique or angled. This weaving is used on cotton, silk and wool fabrics.

    Twill back fabric (1)

    It is a fabric that generally has a hard touch and has longitudinal grooves and free connection points formed by weft threads on the back. The attachment points on the back can be random or arranged to form a geometric figure.

    Twill back fabric (2)

    Medium weight twill cotton fabric. The back surface of the fabric is raised. It is used in coats, sports and work wear, and children's wear.

    Twill back fabric (3)

    It is a light to medium weight woolen fabric with a hard touch, twill back weaving and longitudinal ribs. Ribs can also be random or in the form of various geometric figures. It is mostly produced from muline yarns. It is used in women's dresses, men's suits and trousers.

    Above-elbow arm; 7/8 sleeve length

    The arm that is approximately 5 cm above the wrist. It is 7/8 of the entire sleeve length.

    disco style; disco- view

    Teen fashion of the late 1970s, daytime party wear. It allows non-traditional elements in clothing styles to create different combinations to create a personal look. Generally, brightly colored materials, fancy yarns are used. The most distinctive feature of the clothes is that the fabric or knitted surfaces are shiny. This fashion is inspired by musical movies.

    Divit (1)

    Thick, pile-faced, soft cotton fabric (less facial fluff than velvet). The fabric is of medium weight, satin weave, medium-weight yarn in the warp and coarser yarn in the weft. The short pile on the surface is obtained by combing and trimming. Suitable for sports coats and jackets, men's suits and for technical purposes. It is an analogue of deer skin and is also known as "monkey skin".

    Divit (2)

    A very thick, short pile woolen fabric whose warp is made of two, three and four layers of loosely twisted worsted yarn. It is used in high quality women's coats. The term is derived from the French word “duvet” meaning “feather”.

    Diagonal garment cut

    The garment cut by placing the center points of the weft and warp threads of the basic parts on the oblique line of the fabric.


    It is a monochrome woolen fabric with a soft texture. It is shiny and has a short pile and the woven structure is clearly visible.

    Doeskin fabric

    It is a soft, light weight wool fabric, short and shiny pile, satin weave with a five-fold satin structure and curved grooves on the surface. It is produced from fine or semi-fine carded yarn. It is used for sewing men's suits, uniforms or tuxedo jackets. The name of Doeskin fabric is formed by combining the terms doe and leather.

    dock fabric

    Medium weight linen fabric with a distinctive design with a distinctive line in this broken twill, with a characteristic vertical line on the fabric. It is used in doctor's coats, sheets and pillowcases.


    It is the textile surface formed by a group of weft and warp yarns with repeatable mixing and interweaving movements on a loom using three specific weaving systems (plain, twill, and satin). It is used in the production of fabrics, ribbons and carpets.

    Woven Fabric Category

    Fabric properties defined by specific symbols that show the manufacturer, customer and consumer the qualities of the fabric, the composition of the raw materials used, and the structure and technologies used in the finish and intended use. This is especially related to appearance, handle, elasticity, strength, color and sometimes raw material, yarn and weight.

    weaving effect

    It is the obvious change in the surface structure of the woven fabric. This is the deformation of the weaving ground with one or both of the weft and warp yarns in order to create an embossed ground on the plain fabric.

    woven fabric, cloth

    It is the textile surface formed by a group of weft and warp yarns with repeatable mixing and interweaving movements on a loom using three specific weaving systems (plain, twill, and satin). We distinguish woven fabrics as cotton, silk, wool and linen according to the raw materials used.

    Woven fabric/ fabric structure

    Weaving is the primary expression of basic structural elements including yarn density per square cm, yarn type, material composition, surface mass, finishing, pattern and weft and warp pattern.

    woven plush

    It is pile fabric with regular pile woven on a double-ply plush loom. In the warp, pile is created by the pile warp, which is made of wool, rayon and synthetic fibers. The ground fabric is usually obtained from cotton yarn. It is used in coats and sportswear and to decorate clothes.

    Weaving report

    Weaving illustrated by drawing the warp binding points on checkered paper, where the vertical spaces represent the warp threads and the horizontal spaces represent the weft threads.

    weaving technology

    It is the use of basic weaves or weaves derived from them, using many wefts, warps, or both.

    Foreign matter in weaving, trash

    The area on the fabric surface where dirt or other materials are mixed in while weaving the fabric, for example, splinters, yarn of different color, etc.

    Consecutive sharp turns in weaving

    It is the variation in weaving where each warp attachment point corresponds to the weft attachment point. It is especially used in the derivation of twill weaving.

    Easy care of fabrics

    The general term for a fabric finishing process that allows fabric care with minimal effort. These finishes are: crease resistance, soiling resistance, no ironing and permanent ironing.

    Non-woven fabric, non-woven surface

    They are textile surfaces on which staple or continuous fibers or yarns gain strength by mechanical, physical or chemical methods or by using them together. Mechanically-reinforced nonwovens can be knitted together with fibers (via tuxting, bond-loopless yarn bonding or fluid flow) or knitted like a net with a connecting yarn system (with the Arachne or Mali system). Nonwovens reinforced by chemical and physical methods use liquid bonding agents (by sprays, impregnation, impregnated yarn systems or printing), solid bonding agents (by bonding to the surface of the fiber, spraying or directing). Nonwoven fabrics are also produced by only physical methods (heat bonding, melting or boiling the fibers) or only chemical methods (chemical bonding, swelling or surface melting). There are also combined nonwoven surfaces where all three mechanical, physical and chemical methods are used together. Nonwovens do not include surfaces obtained by weaving, knitting, embroidery or felting methods.

    Filling material; fiber

    Soft, flexible, fluffy knitted or woven light weight textile material is produced as a supporting material. It can also be used to provide insulation in some clothing or to give it a model feature.

    Filling material (1)

    A piece of textile placed between the upper and lower material used to support the garment and maintain its shape. The filler is also used for thermal insulation.

    Filling material (2)

    The filling material can perform the following functions: Aesthetically – it provides shaping in the shoulder area – shoulder pads (wadding) It provides thermal insulation by being placed between the upper material and the lining in all or part of the garment. It is mostly used in winter clothes. It is light in weight, soft and voluminous. It is combined with the upper material with a sewing technique or with decorative stitches. This can also be achieved with a thermo-plastic adhesive applied to one side. The fleece fiber - real fleece or natural filler is used - is produced with nonwoven technology like down feathers.

    Donegal tweed

    Woolen fabric made of simple plain weave with sharp pores that stand out in its appearance. Its typical feature is the use of light warp yarn and dark weft yarn. It is made of untreated carded yarn and has colored yarns and nopes on its surface. The fashion of Donegal tweed is to be produced from untreated worsted wool yarn. Donegal tweed is used in many garments for men and women wearing sportswear. It is named after the county of Donegal in Ireland, where local fabrics are produced.

    dull printing, matte printing

    It is a printing technique provided by applying bright colored pigments to textile patterns on a matte textile surface. The contrast between glossy and matte areas provides this effect (pigment color can be applied).

    gold satin; Slide

    Low cost, smooth and shiny silk fabric with satin weave. Used for technical purposes

    Natural Silk (1)

    They are protein secretions by the caterpillars of silkworm moths, which solidify when the silk glands come into contact with air and become two thin fibers. It is divided into two as real silk obtained from domesticated silkworms, and tussah silk or wild silk obtained from semi-domesticated Anthereare moth or Chinese silkworm. The caterpillars form the natural silk in the pupal stage as they spin cocoons for themselves. The unwrapped fibers on the surface of the cocoon are used to obtain the combed alum silk yarn, and the second waste fibers are used to obtain the burette yarn. Flush silk is obtained when the fibers in the middle of the cocoon are milked as a precious fiber. The length of the filament varies between 900 and 1000 m. Silk fiber consists of 76% fibroin protein, 22% gum-like sericin protein, and the remainder consists of wax, oils and mineral salts. Natural silk fibers are the strongest, thinnest and noblest of natural fibers. It has a high shine and is plastic. The homeland of natural silk is China, where it has been known for 5000 years. Natural silk is used in women's dresses, men's shirts and ties, sewing threads and parachutes.

    Natural Silk (2)

    Colored or printed, plain, shiny, fine yarn with a hard surface, dense, thin, medium weight, satin weave, cotton fabric. It is used in summer women's dresses, blouses and as a lining.

    Natural fibers

    Fibers that are made of natural polymers and that can be spun in the sense of textile are divided into two. Of plant and animal origin. Natural fibers are examined in three categories: vegetable fibres, animal fibres, and mineral fibres. Vegetable fibers consist of longitudinally located plant cells made of cellulose. The most well-known of these are cotton and linen. Fibers of animal origin; Among them, there are those made of keratin protein with the hair of various animals, such as sheep's wool, and those of protein origin (such as natural silk) formed by spinning the secretions of various caterpillars from the silk glands. Asbestos is a mineral fiber.

    Draped; break; shir; frill

    An ornament created by gathering the abundance of textile fabrics with shirring, pleats and creases. Mainly used to decorate women's clothing such as dresses, skirts and blouses.



    Drill (1)

    Linen fabric with a fine, embossed surface separate from broken twill with a vertical stripe feature. It is used in work clothes.

    Drill (2)

    Coarse linen fabric, plain or striped with vivid colors; used for covering wicker beds.

    Drill (3)

    It is a tightly woven fabric made of tough and durable linen in a different twill weave technique. If the weave is broken twill, it is called drill twill; if the weave is satin, it is known as satin diril. This fabric has a wide range of uses in workshops, uniforms, bed coverings and other technical purposes. The name Diril is derived from the German word "drellieren", which means "to bend" or "to wrap".

    Dublufas; double faced fabric

    It is a "hypocritical" fabric. It is a double layer fabric with different properties on both sides. For example, it can be worn because of underwear and on the reverse. On the right side the temperature is above 0°C, on the wrong side it is below.

    dublufas fabric

    The reverse and face of the fabric are of different colors and shapes, woven at the same time, and are connected to each other with a special binding with hidden weft and warp. It is a heavy woolen fabric that requires a special sewing technique and is used in men's and women's coats. Derived from the French word "double"

    Dublufas fabric production technology, Double-layer fabric production technology

    It is the weaving of two fabrics together in such a way that the face and back weaves can be separate or the same. The connecting warp threads are woven together, more rarely with the connecting wefts. The fabric is used in the production of heavy weight wool woven fabrics.

    dublufas satin

    Heavyweight with different two-color warps silk fabric The face and the ground of the fabric are in different bright colors. Women's coats and dresses are made. The term comes from the French (hypocritical atlas/satin) word for "satin dublufas".

    Dupion silk (1)

    It is a rough natural silk thread. It is used on fabrics with irregular rustic surfaces.

    Dupion silk (2)

    Its most distinctive feature is a medium-weight, silky fabric with an irregular and rough surface. Typically, it is used in blouses, shirts, women's dresses and suits by weaving in plain weaving technique using natural silk or rayon in the warp and doupion silk in the weft.

    Dörndel dress (traditional Austrian dress)

    Ceremonial dress worn by women and children, especially popular in the Alps. Made of bright colors and printed cotton fabrics, the collar is typically trimmed and tied with laces; short sleeves are fully decorated. An apron must be used with the garment. This garment was highly influential in women's fashion in the early 1980s.

    Upholstery Damask

    It is a smooth, dense, shiny surface linen fabric made of jacquard patterned medium fine yarns. It is used in cushion coverings.

    straight skirt

    Skirt that creates a straight silhouette because the hip measurement of the skirt and the hem width are approximately equal to each other. To make walking more comfortable, the hem of the skirt is supported by one or two slits.

    flat silhouette

    Clothes that go down the same width from the body to the hem. The straight silhouette is used in garments such as coats, shirts and dresses.

    plain taffeta

    Silk type fabric with a slightly rough touch, a metallic sheen and a thin, fluffy appearance; Cloth foot is woven and produced in one color. It is used for women's dresses.

    Uneven coloring

    Errors that cause uneven coloring of the fabric are very diverse. In the first group of these, there are surface formation errors that occur during spinning, weaving or knitting in the products. Another group is due to the fact that the pretreatment processes have been done adequately or that some of the pretreatment agents such as soap, detergent, acid or alkali remain on the surface. In addition to these, unevenly distributed humidity in the product, deformations in the product, variable wire density, etc. can increase the unevenness in dyeing. In the last group, there are errors caused by coloring. Technological possibilities such as dyeing technique, wrong selection of machinery or equipment, low quality water, use of other additives, presence of light and dark spots, partial pigmentation, color bands, abrasion, lines or wing differences after dyeing. Structural defects can also result from uneven wrapping of products after dyeing.


    Used to close or fasten two separate pieces of a garment; Sometimes it can be used for decorative purposes only. Its shape, dimensions and material are determined by fashion trends. It can be produced from plastic, leather, glass, pearl, metal, wood, etc. The fastening function of buttons, which has been used since ancient times, was first made with laces. It has become an important fashion accessory of women's clothing in the 1990s.

    Buttoned wrap skirt

    Wrap skirt with buttons throughout the closure. It has various shapes and lengths.


    They are faulty masses formed by weft or warp threads on the surface of the fabric.

    Knotted (buttoned) silk thread

    Buttons of different shapes, sizes and colors or bundles of thread formed by elongated nopes are arranged at regular intervals on its surface. The button image is provided by interrupting the thread, which normally does not produce an effect on its own. The yarn bundles are reinforced by extreme twisting. Expanded forms and knurled threads are formed where there is a button effect.

    Low Waisted trousers

    Men's and women's clothing that covers the pelvis and both legs. The lowering of the waist line to below the waist is its characteristic feature. Low waist jeans have been adopted as a fashion style.

    Low denier tow

    They are fine continuous fibers with a fineness of approximately 200-1000 tex, which are finer than tow, and which are used for direct textile use. It is generally used in floor coverings,

    Low Arm

    A low cut sleeve. The sleeve shape is suitable for looser, comfortable clothing (shirts, jackets, some coats, dresses, knitwear, etc.). The armhole of the upper body, which starts with a smooth curve, is wide enough for the arm to move freely.


    It is worn over underwear; pants, jackets, dresses, skirts, etc. includes.

    Posted by %PM, 19% 767% 2016 20%:%Sep in Textile Terms

Textile Terms D