• Textile Terms E


    It is a textile raw material whose ratio of length to thinness is at least one hundred times. It is the plural of the word fiber, and it is a collection of colored or colorless fibers that have tensile strength and tensile strength, can be bent (spun), have the ability to adhere to each other, and are very long in length relative to width.


    For the production of filament, it is a heatable device that does the work of melting the chemical granules.


    It is used to prevent the materials used from harming the hands.

    Electronic / Mechanical cleaner settings

    Settings of the device that clears thread defects

    Absorbent Arm

    The apparatus that finds the broken end for tying the broken thread

    Label (1)

    Adhesive paper with product information written


    It shows the properties of the thread and bobbin pasted and spooled inside the bobbins.


    A measuring tool used in miniature mold drawings with reduced dimensions in certain proportions of the meter.

    Extrafor (1)

    Woven tape used to reduce fabric stretch

    Extrafor (2)

    Thin strip attached to areas of clothing that are subject to stretch, such as the shoulders


    Textile fiber that can stretch 6-10 times according to its original length.

    Effect yarn; looped yarn

    Fancy yarn in which the loops are positioned at the given intervals. It is produced with two sharp twisted yarns to open the loop. The sharply twisted yarn is tangled in the loop, thus forming the characteristic tassel in the loop.


    Generic name for plaid fabric similar to Scottish plaid, used on fabrics other than wool fabrics.

    Plaid Madras pattern

    The large plaid pattern is typically irregular in texture, with multiple subtle Indian natural tones on a white background. It is mostly used in cotton fabric types. It is named after the Hindu city of Madras, which has a highly developed textile industry.

    plaid pattern

    A generally small sized plaid design made using color tones or weaving on a monochromatic fabric. A fabric pattern in which colored patterns are formed in squares or rectangles created by the use of yarn of two or more colors in the warp and weft. Often the plaid pattern is slightly elongated in the weft direction. A wide variety of color combinations can be used in yarn or weaving. The plaid pattern is very popular on all types of fabrics; shapes and colors can be adapted to meet the demands of fashion


    Scottish national pattern, typically used on woolen fabrics, notable for its absolute adherence to certain rules regarding their composition and color proportions. Scottish plaid originates from the folk dress of ancient Scottish tribes; each tribe is distinguished from the others by the color and size of the plaids on their clothes. Some tribes wore clothes in different color combinations on different occasions. Scottish plaid is one of the oldest and most aesthetic of the classical wool fabric patterns; various types are still referred to by the original names of the tribes. Patterns are popular for use on women's dresses, skirts, trousers, suits and coats; it is also used for lining of sports jackets and lining of suitcases and periodically becomes fashionable, for example, as a material for men's jackets. Its name was given by the Scots as "scotal tartan" (family/tribal pattern). Other sources give the origin of the term as Spanish “tiritana” (small plaid fabric).

    Plaid handkerchief pattern

    It is a diagonal plaid fabric pattern with bright satin lines that have a distinctive feature with a grouped plaid pattern on a light ground. Often used in the manufacture of women's clothing

    Plaid taffeta (1)

    It is a plain woven, slightly stiff silk fabric with prominent, thin, oblique ribs and a metallic sheen. It typically has a wide, dark Scottish plaid pattern.

    Plaid taffeta (2)

    It is a plain woven, slightly stiff silk fabric with prominent, thin, oblique ribs and a metallic sheen. Checkered pattern. It is used for women's dresses.

    Tartan plaid

    Long scarf, typically made of heavyweight, checked wool fabric, with frayed edges.

    plaid pile fabric

    Fabric pattern on a plain background, typically created from one or two threads of fine, large, or medium plaid. Another feature of this fabric is the simplicity of its construction and the use of color combinations.


    Pattern used in clothing fabrics, created by simply arranging medium-sized squares of only vibrant colors (red, brown, green) on a white or hemp woven background.

    Extraforward strip

    Single weft ribbon or fabric, usually 6 mm – 60 mm wide; Reversible broken twill forming a relief structure on its surface, four bonds are produced from various materials. The edges can be of a different color. It is used in zipper making and as an edgebanding for decorating clothes for technical purposes.


    hand sewing suit


    A hand-sewn set of French origin, consisting of a skirt and a jacket, is especially a jacket. It is generally produced from a single color or patterned woolen fabric woven with worsted yarn. Leading brands adapt it faithfully to the fashion of the day.

    hand sewing

    It is hand stitched according to the sewing instructions. It is classified according to different types of seams, as well as divided into front, back and side seams according to its place on the garment.

    handwoven fabric

    It is a fabric that is generally woven with plain weaving, the threads of which are of different fineness and have a hand-spun appearance. The surface of the fabric is rough, it has not been finished.

    Craft yarn; tack yarn

    It is a three-ply carded yarn, generally produced in white or pastel tones. It is used in hand sewing in the training process.

    hand embroidery

    It is a handmade craft. It differs from other embroidery in appearance, in addition, motifs from nature and embroidery materials are used as the basis. A line, an area, linear or straight embroidery can be created with various short stitches. Lace-like (openwork) fabric surfaces can be created by processing the holes opened with layered stitches, pulling threads or cutting fabric threads.

    Gold embroidery is done with metallic (fake gold thread) or metallic-looking threads on more expensive materials such as satin, velvet, silk. The threads are located only on the surface of the fabric and are attached with a thin silk thread in metallic color. The basic supporting material is fine cotton or linen fabric. Embroidery is completed in a technique known as needlework, often with beads and sequins, due to the brushstroke-like shade of the embroidered motif.

    Lacework effect (openwork) - created by pulling weft or warp threads. Reinforcement of the drawn weft or warp threads by grouping them with grid or square stitches and binding, interlacing, etc. As a result of techniques such as lace work is formed.

    hand tear

    An opening on the front of a garment closed by an embellished closure; allows the arm to protrude from the inside of the garment on sleeved garments and containers

    elastic cloth interlining

    A very durable elastic fabric made of woven cloth foot, made of fine or medium-weight linen from quality yarns. It is used to support the collars of outerwear.

    elastic underwear

    Women's underwear that basically includes suspenders, corsets, corsets and bras. The purpose of such a garment is to emphasize femininity in the chest, waist and hip areas while providing wearing comfort and freedom of movement. Made of elastic materials, used in combination with fabric or knit

    elastic fabric


    Silk fabric with high elasticity. It is produced with elastic yarns in the weft, in medium or heavy weight, in different weavings. It is used in bras, corsets and swimming suits.

    elastic strip

    Perforated elastic band – has holes at regular intervals that allow its length to be adjusted. Hat elastic strip – perforated strip of circular segments reinforced with elastomer thread. Hats, shoes, toys, etc. used in production. Flat elastic band – double-sided, smooth surface, straight edge. Belt elastic strip – Used for the manufacture of belts. Shoulder strap elastic strap – a plain, patterned elastic strap used for underwear straps for girls or women. Garter elastic strip -used in the manufacture of garters. Tape elastic tape – used in tape production. Patterned elastic band – patterned elastic band with straight edges.

    Elastic strip; elastic ribbon

    It is a long elastic tape of various widths, woven by various weaving techniques, with one or more warps of cotton or another fiber and the other threads of elastic threads. Its surface is patterned. Used in underwear, outerwear, swimming suits, cuffs and bandages

    elastomer fiber

    The distinctive feature of the chemical fiber group is its extreme flexibility. It is used in products that require extreme flexibility (elastic underwear, women's socks, socks, sports equipment). Combined with other fibers, it is used in outerwear (mostly trousers) fabrics and knitted surfaces.


    Covering the upper part of the legs and the body, women's sleeved dress ; outer garment. Dress forms the basis of women's wardrobe. It may consist of one piece or more. Typically, the skirt consists of the body, often with a collar and sleeves, which can sometimes be sleeveless or collarless. A silhouette dress is usually unlined and its shape changes according to fashion trends. Dresses are named as empiric yoke, cocktail dress, shirt dress, princess dress with cups, formal dress, wedding dress, wedding dress, dance dress, evening dress and tail dress.

    dress lace

    It is an open, transparent plain fabric, obtained by lace forming techniques.

    dress apron A garment consisting of a skirt and body part, intended to protect the entire garment. It is different from other body-covering garments due to the neck closure at the back. It is used only by fastening from the waist.

    hand spun yarn

    It is at least two-ply twisted wool chevyt yarn, which is hard to touch, differs from the others with its elasticity and shine.


    Clothing accessory that covers the hands to protect them from cold weather and dirt and is used as a fashion accessory. Depending on the purpose of use; There are different types as work gloves, dress gloves, sports gloves and ceremonial gloves. The glove becomes a pair and can be produced from many different materials such as woolen fabrics, knitting, leather, fur, tulle and lace. The choice of material depends on the intended use. The glove can be fingered, with a thumb only, or without fingers. The glove was discovered in the Pyramids in Egypt. In the Middle Ages it often had symbolic meaning. Gloves decorated with precious stones were among the most luxurious accessories worn by the privileged classes.

    fiber defects

    It occurs in various forms. It is caused by the uneven height of weaving yarn, the local breaking of the wool pile.

    fiber ball; bead

    It is many clusters or bundles of fibers that are rolled into small clumps. It is formed in the form of friction and flocculation on the surface of the textile fabric. It contains a high percentage of synthetic fibers that are generally difficult to separate. Fiber clumps can also occur in woolen textile fabrics. However, its less rigidity makes it easier to remove the fiber clump.

    impregnation, impregnation

    It is to spread water in or on it with the help of water-repellent chemicals. It serves to make the fabric water resistant.

    impregnated taffeta

    It is a plain woven, slightly stiff silk fabric with prominent, thin, oblique ribs and a metallic sheen. It typically has a patterned print. It is used in women's dresses.

    printed cloth

    It is a general term used for fabrics patterned with printing. It is also used for sparsely printed light weight silk fabrics.

    en vogue

    French term for clothes that are trendy and popular.

    Transverse striped fabric (barre fabric)

    Fabric consisting of lines parallel to the weft yarn of various thicknesses, different colors and physically effected, and this image is repeated randomly.




    The most distinctive feature is the woolen fabric with cross grooves of different thicknesses. It is woven in yarns of various thicknesses with plain or rips weaving from wool and worsted yarn. It is used in women's clothing and in heavier weights in women's coats and furniture coverings. The term comes from the French word „epinglé“, which means indented silk fabric.

    Epengle velor

    It is a soft and thin fabric with a thick pile surface in the form of uncut loops. Used in women's clothes and coats

    Men's shirt; formal shirt


    It is part of the men's teams. It is made of washable fabric and is generally white. Tuxedo shirts from other types are divided into slack collar shirts, formal jackets with vests, team shirts and party shirts.

    men's panties

    Underpants in different leg lengths for men and boys. There may be shorts that are small and tight (panties) or with different leg lengths. Men's underpants can be with or without slits. The bottom edge of the panties should be tight. Long-leg panties -boxer (short) shorts. Cropped pants- men's briefs Three quarters briefs.

    men's panties;boxer

    Men's and boys' underpants with front slits of various lengths. Produced from cotton fabric or light weight knitted fabrics

    men's pants

    A garment that is part of men's suits, made from the fabric of the jacket and vest, and is worn below the waist, complementing the suit.

    Old looking fabrics; pale-looking fabrics; second-hand look; stoned fabrics

    Clothing, typically made of denim, that is washed with the use of small stones. Worn and faded areas give the fabric an old look. It became popular and fashionable in the late 1980s with heavy use by young people.

    Eskimo fabric

    It is a woolen fabric with a smooth surface, shiny, highly durable and reinforced, woven with the double-layer weaving technique. The upper fabric is made of high quality raw materials. Although its main purpose is to be used as low-cost men's winter clothing, the production of such fabrics is gradually decreasing.

    aging; Antique-Like Appearance

    Aged, bleached and worn appearance of the fabric as a result of chemical treatment. Giving some textile materials (carpet, home textile, etc.) an antique-like appearance.

    Flexible (elastic) sports trousers

    Trousers commonly made of knitted or elastic fabric, ending at the hems with a trouser band. It is used as part of sportswear.

    stretchy fabric; elastic woven fabric; flexible woven fabric

    It is a type of stretchable fabric produced with the combination of special elastic threads and non-stretch threads. It has a variety of surface finishes and uses a wide variety of raw materials. It is plain or twill weave. Elasticity can be longitudinal, transverse, or both. It is used in trousers and sportswear. The name indicates that the fabric is of very high quality.

    Knitted fabric with reduced elasticity (1)

    Weft knitted fabric with reduced stretching by feeding yarns by reducing the number of stitches (rows of one side, reinforced stitches, additional yarns).

    Knitted fabric with reduced elasticity (2)

    Warp knit fabric with reduced transverse elasticity by long loop connections and reduced longitudinal elasticity by chain stitch weaving.


    Expansion of the fabric by its own flexibility without using elastomer fibers. It is a value used in the production of clothing.

    Etamine (1)

    Thin, translucent, light weight cotton fabric. It is woven from fine yarn with the plain weaving technique and is used in seasonal women's clothing and blouses.

    Etamine (2)

    In fashion terminology, it is a thin, sparse, light weight, plain woven woolen fabric used in seasonal women's clothing and blouses. The name of the fabric comes from the French word "etamine" meaning colander.


    It is a women's outer garment that covers the lower part of the body and is a practical and indispensable part of women's wardrobe. Worn with a blouse or a sweater, it also forms part of a suit. Changes in the length and width of the skirt are affected by fashion, as with all women's clothing. The shape differences of the skirt are decided by the cut. Skirts: They are classified as buttoned wrap skirt, trouser skirt, wrap skirt, pleated skirt, straight skirt, A-line skirt, pleated skirt, gilet, wrap-around skirt and bell skirt.

    Skirt Corset

    Women's clothing accessory to prevent socks from falling off. It has a tab around the waist to which the stockings are attached to the hooks. It is produced from durable and stretchable textile fabrics; can be narrow or wide. (The wide type allows the hip to be shaped.)

    skirt corset

    It is an elastic women's corset that extends from the pelvis to the thigh. The lower end is attached to the stockings with suspenders. The shape of the bottom part may resemble shorts

    Address Label

    It is a woven or knitted textile fabric prepared in the specified dimensions and on the surface of which the product features are written with printing or embroidery. There are also varieties of sticky paper or cardboard.


    Women's clothing accessory in the form of a narrow strip, in long form, made of woven or knitted fabric, used on the neck; ends are thrown over the shoulders.

    home wear

    Daily clothes worn at home. It is a comfortable and light garment used while doing various chores in the house and while resting; They can be fashionable. Dressing gowns, home dresses, trousers and skirts are commonly used in the home.


    A garment accessory in the form of a square or triangle, produced from a textile material (usually woven fabric), used to cover the neck and head. It is available in various colours, patterns and sizes. Sometimes used by women as a fashion accessory to adorn the neck circumference.

    Track suit

    Functional trousers designed for physical exercise and running. Although they are narrower than training pants, they are comfortable to wear.

    Tracksuits; training suit/suit

    Sports suit in knitted fabric consisting of a tracksuit jacket (sweatpants) and tracksuit trousers (sweatpants).

    Tracksuit jacket; sweatshirt

    Loose, lightweight sports jacket with pull over head or zip fastening. Its typical feature is that the hem and sleeve ends can be gathered. It is part of sports teams.


    Long sports trousers made of knitted fabric, with no slits at the waist and gathered by gathering with an elastic waistband. The hems are loose and gathered with an elastic band or zipper. Tracksuit is part of the team




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Textile Terms E