• Textile Terms K



    It is the incorporation of the yarn into the cotton fiber as a result of the mixing of materials other than cotton in any way due to the collection-ginning and packaging from the field.


    Personal protective equipment (PPE)


    It is all tools, tools, equipment and devices that are worn, fitted or held by the employee that protect the employee against one or more risks arising from the work carried out and affecting health and safety.



    A patterned and/or flat hot roller is required to stabilize the created tissue (cheesecloth).

    capillary rupture


    It is the error that occurs due to the breaking of a filament during the exit of the yarn from the spinner.

    Covering method


    The coating process is a process based on winding the inelastic filament or short staple yarn onto the elastane filament in the center.

    Short-cut fiber (short-cut fiber)


    They are synthetic fibers used in the production of non-wovens with fluff (feather) coating and wet processes.

    broken fiber


    It is the fiber particle that breaks off during ginning.

    cotton wool


    It is raw cotton.

    Mass yield


    It is the amount of unseed cotton taken from a single plant or unit area (usually per decare).

    folding machine


    It is a machine in which two or more threads are folded one on top of the other.



    It is the part that prevents the yarn from getting out of control during the winding of the conical.



    It is the auxiliary part of the machine that is used to open the middle pressure rollers in the drafting area where the roving or strip passes, at an appropriate distance.



    It is the part that helps to twist the yarn and wind it on the bobbin.

    Taper (boss)


    It is a conical or cylindrical device made of cardboard, wood, plastic, etc., which is used to form a bobbin by winding on a thread.



    It is a bobbin on which thread is wound in the ring machine.

    cop box


    It is a tool used for the transport/storage of cops.



    It is the device used to transport the Ribbon/Tape from one machine to another.



    It is used to avoid being affected by machine noise.

    Time sheet


    It is a list that shows the types and colors of products such as paint, fabric, carpet in small pieces.

    Coverage margin


    It is the distance between the pat edge and the middle of the garment.

    Cup size


    It is the table created according to the measurement difference between the chest circumference and the under-chest circumference used in bra size definitions.



    Planar joining process of at least two textile materials by placing them on top of each other.



    The place where the shoulder and arm meet in the seam is the armhole.



    It is cross stitch.



    It is a cleaning and form part that is sewn to the waist of the garment.

    picking a match


    It is the topstitch sewn 0,3 cm wide.



    fabric layer



    It is the part of the garment where the arm is attached.



    It is the merging of two fabrics.

    Bucket ( agraph )


    Skirts/pants etc. It is a tool that is used to connect the two sides of the clothes and consists of a metal ring and a hook.



    It is the place where a belt is attached on trousers / skirts.



    In the upper body; from under the bust to the end of the waist, on the lower body; They are transverse cuts between the waist line and the low hips, shaped in a structure that surrounds the body.

    Double breasted


    It is a type of closure in which the closure share is worked by giving more than the required amount in closed clothing models.



    It is the part formed by the longitudinal cuts made on the mold in order to give body form and model feature to the garment.

    Birds Eye


    It is a small metal ring that is attached to the holes made/drilled in different parts of the garment.



    It is the compression of the surface of the textile product by passing it through rollers with high temperature and pressure and making it a smooth, shiny surface.

    fabric opener


    It is the helical rollers that ensure the smooth progress of the fabric along the width of the fabric control machine.

    Fur (fur leather)


    It is processed animal (except game) skin with a furry surface.

    Unseeded (Multi-Seeded) Cotton


    It is unginned cotton that has been separated from its cocoon.

    broken fiber


    It is the fiber particle that breaks off during ginning. Sawgin is very common in businesses.

    Mass Yield


    It is the amount of unseed cotton taken from a single plant or unit area (usually per decare). Varieties with large and more cocoons are more productive.



    Paint type used for modified polyester, modified nylon, and acrylic. Patterns can be created by using cationic dyeable yarns and standard yarns together, and the pattern can be made more distinct by dyeing both yarns with two dye baths. In addition, these two yarns can be combined and different and special melange colors can be obtained in the fabric.

    boiling pull


    It is the shrinkage of the fiber, yarn or fabric in the width or length direction after wetting and drying or when exposed to high temperature.



    It is a texturing method in which a crimped yarn is obtained. In this process, the yarn is knitted first, then the knitted fabric is fixed, and the yarn is unwrapped and wound on the bobbin, even though it is knitted again. With the effect of the fixation, the knitting loops remain in the structure of the yarn.

    staple fiber


    Its length is 1.25 cm. with 45 cm. The name given to short filaments ranging from Natural fibers such as wool, cotton and linen exist only as staple fibers. Synthetic fibers are formed by cutting continuous filaments to certain lengths.

    staple fiber yarn


    It is the creation of a single yarn by twisting staple fibers together. Natural yarns such as cotton and wool, synthetic staple fiber yarns and their mixtures are examples.

    continuous filament yarn


    A continuous thread consisting of one or more filaments. Monofilament yarns are called monofilament, and yarns consisting of more filaments are called multifilament.

    Wrinkle strength


    It is the resistance and/or recovery of a textile material against wrinkling that occurs during use.

    calender machine


    It is the machine that gives shine to the fabric.



    It is a type of polyester fabric.



    It is a vehicle equipped with materials suitable for the type of clothing used in order to ensure the mobility of the bundles, which are arranged in the sorting section and made ready for sewing, and with a roller wheel underneath.



    It is a rib type conveyor belt.

    Conveyor belt Cursor


    It is a plastic or iron zipper head that is used to open and close the zipper on duvet covers or pillows.



    This is the picture showing the whole pattern in the package.

    boiling pull


    It is the shrinkage of the fiber, yarn or fabric in the width or length direction after wetting and drying or when exposed to high temperature.

    breaking strength


    Maximum strength that the fabric can carry until tearing in the tear test.

    Fabric strength


    It is the durability of the fabric against continuous use.



    It is a sparsely woven linen cloth used for handicrafts.



    In rustic curtain models, they are round accessories made of metal or plastic in different colors, which are attached to the holes drilled with certain patterns on the fabrics.



    It is velcro tape called American tape.



    It is the cotton plant and the cotton fabric obtained from this plant.

    edge strip


    A tape or strip sewn to the edge of the carpet to protect and reinforce the edges or to decorate them.

    Cut Pile Carpet


    It is a carpet texture with a surface consisting of cut pile yarns. Cut pile carpet, one of today's most popular production techniques, achieves its durability by factors such as the type of yarn used in the construction, the density of the clusters and the amount of knots.

    Cut and loop pile carpet


    It is a type of carpet texture and consists of a combination of cut-end pile yarns and curls.



    It is a chemical polish applied to prevent dirt from sticking to fiber or carpet surfaces.



    It's a kind of title.



    It is a ready-made clothing item that is made and sold in series according to the measurements.



    It is an item that is returned when not sold.



    It is a valuable model that never goes out of fashion.



    flared skirt



    It is the cross-section between the waist and hip drop.

    Commandatura goat


    Immature cotton fruits. It is covered with white cotton fibers.



    It is the cut on the garment.

    Kulisan Belt


    It is a belt made in the form of a tunnel and passing through a cord or rubber.

    Cutter gauge


    It is a tool that is used to cut the fabric to a certain size while preparing the test sample.



    It is the guide that determines the thread paths in the test device.



    It is the process under standard atmospheric conditions (relative humidity (65% +/-4) and temperature (20 degrees Celsius +/-2)) by weighing every 2 hours until the difference is below 0,25%.

    Posted by %PM, 23% 778% 2016 20%:%Sep in Textile Terms Read 2645 times
Textile Terms

Textile Terms K