Size British Cotton (Ne),(Nip ),(Neb)
A length of 768 meters means yarn weighing 453,6 grams (or 840 yards means yarn weighing 1 pound). This system, which developed in England for the numbering of cotton yarns, spread all over the world due to the superiority of the British in textile at the beginning. Despite the inconsistency in measurement units, it continues to dominate today. In the British cotton numbering system, the unit of weight is 1 Pound (453,6 g) as usual, and the unit of length is 1 Hank (1 Hank = 840 Yards = 768 meters in the British Cotton System).
Number Metric ( Nm )
It means a yarn of 1000 meters in length and 1000 grams in weight. Metric numbering system is generally used in the numbering of yarns made of cotton, linen, viscose (viscose), polyester, acrylic and their mixtures and produced from fibers, especially worsted and streichgarn wool yarns.
Number French ( Nf )
1000 meters means 500 grams of yarn. It is mainly used for numbering cotton yarns, except for limited use in linen and hemp yarns in northern France and Belgium.
Number British Worsted ( Nek ),( Nik )
512 yards means 453,6 grams of yarn (or 560 yards means 1 pound yarn). Although they were used much more commonly than the Metric Numbering System in the past, the validity of the English Numbering Systems other than cotton has decreased considerably today. The number is symbolized as “NeK” or “NIK” in the British Wool Worsted Numbering System, where the weight unit is a Pound and the length unit Hank is 560 Yards.
Number British Straygarn ( New ),( Nisht )
234 yards means 453,6 grams of yarn (or 256 yards means 1 pound yarn). Like other British Numbering Systems, it has become little used today. It is symbolized as 'NeW' or Nisht. 1 Liter is used as a unit of weight and Hank is used as a unit of length. In this numbering system, 1 Hank is 256 Yards.
Size English Linen ( Nel ),( Nike )
274 yards means 453,6 grams of yarn (or 300 yards means 1 pound yarn). Despite years of efforts for metric numbering and the mandatory implementation of the tex system since 1958, the English system in linen yarn numbering could not be abolished in all countries except France. In this system, which is the only one applied in this field today, the unit of weight is 1 pound, as in the whole English numbering system, and the hank, which is the unit of length, is 300 yards, or 274 meters, and is symbolized by "NeL" or Nike.
Number Denier ( Nd)
9000 meters means 1 grams of yarn. While it has been used in silk threads since its inception, after the emergence of the first artificial substances, polyamide, polyester, etc., produced from continuous fibers. It is also used as a single system for numbering all plain and textured yarns. It is symbolized as ''Nd''.
Number Tex ( Ntex)
1000 meters means 1 gram. The need and efforts to simplify these measurement units, which cause many mistakes and disagreements in practice, and to develop a decimal-level numbering system based on metric measures that will include all textile branches, dates back to the Vienna Conference. As a result of the long-term efforts of the International Textile Standardization Organization, the ''tex'' numbering system, which has a length measurement unit of 1.000 meters and a weight unit of 1 gram, has been developed and it has been made compulsory to be applied in the entire textile industry.
Number Scotch (Nscotch)
14400 yards means yarn weighing 1 lb. The Scotch system, which was previously used in cotton kasam and jute yarns, weighed 1 lb and was 14.400 yards in length, is now used very rarely and only for numbering jute yarns.
It is a small sample that contains all the properties of any substance.
It is a coarse-looking fiber collection that is larger than nep in cotton.
Moisture absorption feature
It is the ability of textile fibers to absorb (absorb) liquids at a certain temperature and humidity.
A knot of fiber in cotton that is the size of a pinhead or smaller and appears as white dots.
It is the vehicle in which semi-finished and finished goods are transported.
General term for fibers made from carbon and petroleum-based synthetic polyamides. Known for its high strength and excellent strength, nylon has superior abrasion resistance and high flexibility.
Decorative ornament embroidered with colored or ecru threads to form a pattern on the fabric. It is made by hand or machine.
It is the property of passing air vapor through the structure of a fabric or tissue and thus allowing the sweat vapors to come out of the fabric.
These are faulty places with an average length of 140-400 mm, which are at least 1% to maximum 4% of the mass average value in the yarn section.